Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Advocating for libraries in an era of cuts

2,299 views

Published on

A presentation on public library cuts updated from June 2012 for a lecture at the University of Strathclyde in January 2013.

Published in: News & Politics
  • DOWNLOAD FULL BOOKS, INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. PDF EBOOK here { https://tinyurl.com/y3nhqquc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. EPUB Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y3nhqquc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. doc Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y3nhqquc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. PDF EBOOK here { https://tinyurl.com/y3nhqquc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. EPUB Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y3nhqquc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. doc Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y3nhqquc } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks ......................................................................................................................... Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult,
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • Be the first to like this

Advocating for libraries in an era of cuts

  1. 1. Advocating for libraries in an era of cuts Lauren Smith Department of Computer and Information Science University of Strathclyde l.n.smith@strath.ac.ukCC image http://www.flickr.com/photos/julishannon/2231447797
  2. 2. Spending Cuts • £81bn cut from public spending over four years • 7% cut for local councils • 265 libraries (224 buildings and 41 mobiles) are currently under threat or have been closed/left council control since 1/4/12 out of c. 4612 in the UK • Emphasis on Localism for provision of public servicesCC image http://www.flickr.com/photos/conservatives/4008280565
  3. 3. “There Is No Alternative” • Tax avoidance and evasion by corporations and the rich and is estimated to cost the state £95bn a year • Average pay of FTSE 100 directors has risen 55% • Corporation tax has been cut • The government have not delivered on a manifesto pledge to clamp down on tax avoidance • Last year banks paid out over £7bn in bonuses • There has been no reform of the banks http://www.ukuncut.org.uk/CC image http://www.flickr.com/photos/bodgerbrooks/1130008623/
  4. 4. Stakeholdershttp://www.flickr.com/photos/shaneglobal/5117475301 http://www.flickr.com/photos/edthomasphotos/3777323097 http://www.flickr.com/photos/xmacex/5601211070 http://www.flickr.com/photos/smcl/3727498229 http://www.flickr.com/photos/hawkexpress/328322067 http://www.flickr.com/photos/debbcollins/2219426400
  5. 5. Arts Council England • Museums, Libraries and Archives Council abolished October 2011 • Responsibilities passed to Arts Council England • £13m funds cut to £3m • ‘Envisioning the Library of the Future’ May 2012 • Expertise in arts rather than education – emphasis on cultureCC image http://www.flickr.com/photos/stuartpilbrow/2942333106/
  6. 6. eBook Publishers • DRM • Pricing structures • Remote lending • Compatible formats • Whether publishers want to work in partnership with libraries at allCC image http://www.flickr.com/photos/thekellyscope/5311724037/
  7. 7. The Role of the Public Library • Education? • Aspirational? • Entertainment? • Populist? • Leisure? • Symbolic? • Information? • Neutral? • Entertainment? • Values?CC image http://www.flickr.com/photos/caro6302/5366682656
  8. 8. Campaigning • Local campaign groups • Voices for the Library • The Library Campaign • UNISON • Chartered Institute for Library and Information Professionals (CILIP) • The Bookseller • Authors • Campaign for the BookCC image http://www.flickr.com/photos/52059084@N02/5419253896/
  9. 9. Legal Challenges • May 2011: Legal action underway in Suffolk until council performed u-turn • November 2011: High Court ruling that Gloucestershire County Council’s original plans for public library service cuts were unlawful • March 2012: Court found Surrey Council’s plans for volunteer libraries were unlawful • July 2012: Application for Judicial Review in Doncaster challenging elected mayor’s refusal to change budget despite two thirds of councillors voting in favour of an amendmentCC image http://www.flickr.com/photos/jsmoorman/2298671281
  10. 10. #NLD13• Many local authorities banned from holding events
  11. 11. CC image http://www.flickr.com/photos/daniel_solis/4520024767
  12. 12. Closures • Reduced access to learning and information resources • Impact on schools and home-schoolers • Impact on communities and local businesses • Impact on community space • Impact on reputation of council • Impact on authors and publishersCC image http://www.flickr.com/photos/titoperez/3437322060
  13. 13. Local Solutions for Future Local Library Services• Public-private partnership• Merging with GP surgery• Merging council, police and cultural services• Merging library service across councils• Merging different types of library
  14. 14. “There have already been library closures andmany of these new projects are in their infancy.Though we hope they all succeed this is far fromguaranteed. Its vital government recognises thatthis record of innovation does not mean it cankeep cutting funding and expect councils to workmiracles, perpetually doing more with less.Theres a critical mass and were already stretchedto the limit. Further cuts on top of those werealready managing could well result in libraryclosures across much of the country.” Local Government Association
  15. 15. Volunteer-Run Libraries Benefits Drawbacks •Community •Pressure on involvement and communities control •Sustainability •Library remains open •Quality •Cheaper for council •Skills •Legal issuesCC image http://www.flickr.com/photos/timberland/5616840214
  16. 16. ‘Community’ Libraries• Variety of models of community library• Can be statutory – but no mention of what they need to consider other than not charging for books (e.g. will they be responsible for decisions about what donated stock to keep?)• Concern report encourages replacement of trained, paid staff with volunteers• http://www.artscouncil.org.uk/media/uploads/pdf/Comm unity_libraries_report_guiding_principles.pdf
  17. 17. Community interest cannot be assumed, but needsto be assessed. Some communities are less able toget involved with service delivery and aresometimes less interested. Often, suchcommunities are the very ones that most readilybenefit from the provision of library services.Therefore, councils should consider whether it isappropriate to offer additional tailored support inthese areas. Arts Council England (2013) “Learning from Experience: guiding principles for local authorities”
  18. 18. Opening the door to privatisationIn areas with less capacity for communityaction, there may well be local communitytrusts or social enterprises which do have thecapacity to lead on the delivery of acommunity library and who may have a trackrecord in engaging the local community. Somelibrary authorities have used this route toinvolve communities, where it has localsupport. Arts Council England (2013) “Learning from Experience: guiding principles for local authorities”
  19. 19. Privatisation • Open Public Services agenda • Profit motive • Potential charging for services • Cost to council • Loss of neutrality • Risk of bankruptcy • Lack of transparency • Reduced staff pensions and employment rightsCC image http://www.flickr.com/photos/thesamizdat/7163968772
  20. 20. Library Values 1. Libraries serve humanity 2. Respect all forms by which knowledge is communicated 3. Use technology intelligently to enhance service 4. Protect free access to knowledge 5. Honor the past and create the future Gorman, M. (1995) ‘Five new laws of librarianship’. American Libraries, 26 (8), pp.784-5CC image http://www.flickr.com/photos/cheesy42/6871842472/
  21. 21. Librarians and Library Staff • Professional education • Trained, skilled and experienced • Technical abilities • Collection management • Neutral and non-judgemental www.questionablecontent.net • Paid to perform tasks volunteers may not want toCC image http://www.flickr.com/photos/hankzby/4272697578
  22. 22. Public Lending Right • DCMS Consultation on proposals to transfer PLR funding and functions to British Library from PLR in Stockton on Tees http://www.culture.gov.uk/consultations/9019.aspx • PLR will not apply to volunteer-run libraries that are not part of statutory provision • Copyright legislation means that volunteer libraries may need licence from author to loan booksCC image http://www.flickr.com/photos/bookgrl/214410190
  23. 23. Literacy "According to Unesco (the United Nations agency which promotes knowledge), the biggest single indicator of whether a child is going to thrive at school and in work is whether or not they read for pleasure.” Frank Cottrell Boyce http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/education-18506533CC image http://www.flickr.com/photos/mrsdkrebs/5913123665/
  24. 24. Fragmentation • Lack of national standards for libraries • ‘Postcode lottery’ across country and within local authorities • Inefficient, un-networked service locally and nationallyCC image http://www.flickr.com/photos/hollud/412466370

×