Reflexive and Reciprocal
Unit 27, p. 378
himself / herself
each other (2 people)
one another (3 or
Underline the reciprocal or reflexive
pronouns. Then draw an arrow to the subject
the pronouns refers to.
p. 380, Ex. 1
Reflexive Pronouns 1
• Use when the subject and object are the same
– Hepa looked at herself in the mirror.
– I can’t help myself! I love chocolate!
• If you give orders, use yourself or yourselves
– Be careful. Don’t hurt yourself, Timmy.
– Push yourselves, guys! Play hard!
– Help yourself to some food.
Reflexive Pronouns 2
• You can use reflexive pronouns to emphasize
– I myself love chocolate.
– English itself is very difficult. There are so many
• Be + (-self) = act in the normal way.
– She shouldn’t be nervous! She should be herself.
• By + (-self) = alone
– That’s sad! Jima always eats by himself.
sentences with the
When we do “self-talk,” we talk to
_________. Sara and Tom talk to themselves correct reflexive
in different ways.
2. Sara works out and keeps ________ fit. She
tells _______ that her problems will get
3. Tom spends all his time at home by _______. ourselves
He doesn’t allow ____________ to have a
good time. He doesn’t blame the problem
__________. Tom’s doctor said, “Treat
__________ better, Tom!”
• Use reciprocal pronouns when the subject and
object are the same people, but you’re
referring to the two-way relationship.
– 2 people:
• Tom and Sara work with each other.
– 3 or more people:
• Work in a group. Help one another.
• When my family had dinner, we told one another about
sentences with the
• Sara is calm, but Tom is stressed out.
Tom and Sara have very different
reactions from _________. When
they talk to _________, they are very one another
• At work, Sara is comfortable with her
co-workers. They help one another
Tom is very stressed at work. He and
his co-workers do not work well with
• Reflexive and reciprocal pronouns
have opposite meanings.
– Tom and Sara helped themselves.
– Tom and Sara helped each other.
Ex. 2, p. 380
be + - self = be normal
repeats to emphasize
by + - self = alone
• P. 381-383, Ex. 3, 4 – We’ll get to this on
• Review Units 3-4 for the test tomorrow.