Forming the passive

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Azar Grammar: Blue Edition
Ch. 11: Forming the Passive

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Forming the passive

  1. 1. CHAPTER 11: THE PASSIVE VOICE Writing 5
  2. 2. FIRST: ACTIVE VOICE  The child washes the dishes. subject verb object  We are learning English. subject verb object  The boy has kicked the ball. subject verb object
  3. 3. PARTS OF THE SENTENCE  The child washes the dishes. S V O What’s the action? wash Who does the action? What “gets” the action? The child the dishes We’ll call this the receive r. We’ll call this the agent.
  4. 4. FORMING THE PASSIVE  How do I make passive verbs? Passive Form = be + past participle This can be any verb tense! Present, past, future, perfect…
  5. 5.  The child washes the dishes. (agent) (action, active voice) (receiver) Subject verb object subject verb  The dishes are washed by the child. FORMING THE PASSIVE The dishes (receiver) are washed (action, passive voice) by the child. (agent)
  6. 6. TRANSITIVE VERBS  The passive voice can only be used with transitive verbs.  These are verbs that have an object. We can’t find the answers. (subject) (verb) (object) James didn’t enjoy the party. (subject) (verb) (object) The Marlins have built a house. (subject) (verb) (object)
  7. 7. INTRANSITIVE VERBS  It is not possible to make passive voice with intransitive verbs.  These verbs CANNOT have an object. ACTIVE: We agree. (subject) (verb) (no object) PASSIVE: Ø  More examples of intransitive verbs: p. 439 agree arrive go happen occur die sleep walk These verbs CANNOT be passive voice.

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