Ch. 23: Gerunds

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Focus on Grammar 3, Unit 23: Gerunds

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Ch. 23: Gerunds

  1. 1. Ch. 23: Gerunds
  2. 2. 1: What’s a Gerund? • Verb + -ing *walking *drinking NOTE! stopping smoking dying • It’s a NOUN. – So it can be a subject or object. • Skateboarding is dangerous. • Drinking a lot of coffee is unhealthy. • Negative = not + (verb) –ing – Not exercising is bad for you. – The doctor suggested not drinking so much coffee.
  3. 3. 1: What’s a Gerund? p. 324
  4. 4. p. 326, Ex. 1
  5. 5. 2: (some other verb) + gerund • Group 1: Verbs that must come with gerunds: • See the complete list on p. A-7. • *the first verb can be any verb tense! Verb: Gerund: Admit Enjoy leaving Advise Finish Appreciate Keep Avoid Mind Consider Quit deny Risk …etc.
  6. 6. 2: (some other verb) + gerund • * the first verb can be any verb tense! –I admit leaving. (present simple) –I was admitting leaving. (past progressive) –I have admitted leaving. (present perfect) –I admitted leaving. (past simple) –I will admit leaving. (future) • The 2nd verb must be a gerund.
  7. 7. 2: (some other verb) + gerund • Group 2: go + -ing “go” -ing (activities) Go + Shopping Swimming Running Fishing camping
  8. 8. 2: (some other verb) + gerund • Group 2: go + -ing • * the first verb can be any verb tense! – I go running. – I am going running. – I went running. – I have gone running. – I will go running.
  9. 9. 3: Preposition + gerund Preposition Gerund On In Of To From For At With Out shopping
  10. 10. 3: adjective + preposition + gerund • Certain phrases have adjectives and prepositions. These are followed by gerunds. • See the complete list on p. A-7 and A-8 Adjective + preposition phrase gerund Afraid of studying English Bored with Excited about Fond of Ready for Slow at Insist on
  11. 11. 3: adjectives with prepositions + gerunds • NOTE! Use a gerund (not infinitive) after phrases like: Look forward to visiting Chicago Be opposed to Accustomed to Object to
  12. 12. Pair Work • Find a partner. • Complete p. 326-328, Ex. 2 and 3. • When you’re finished, get started on the handouts.
  13. 13. p. 326-327, Ex. 2 Staying smoking Exercising starting Not eating eating increasing Not going joining
  14. 14. p. 327-328, Ex. 3 denied eating enjoy swimming go swimming
  15. 15. p. 327-328, Ex. 3 admitted/admits being avoids eating mind exercising are considering taking
  16. 16. Group Work: • Form a group of 3-4 people. • Complete the survey activity on p. 331
  17. 17. Homework: • Grammar book: Complete p. 333, “Review” • Writing book: Complete the table p. 9 • Lauren’s Class: – Don’t forget your journals and discussion board – Compare/Contrast paragraph due tomorrow on eLearning

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