Google Book Settlement

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Google Book Settlement

  1. 1. The Google Books Settlement A Brief Introduction for the ZSR Library Lauren Pressley Instructional Design Librarian December 18, 2008
  2. 2. “The Google Settlement - From the Universal Library to the Universal Bookstore” -Paul Courant http://paulcourant.net/
  3. 3. History of Google Books
  4. 4. with context!
  5. 5. 1996 http://www.wired.com/wired/archive/13.08/battelle.html
  6. 6. 1996 • Initial work on Google (BackRub)
  7. 7. http://www.flickr.com/photos/33049234@N00/433072442 1997
  8. 8. 1997 • DVDs introduced to American market • “Backrub” renamed “Google”
  9. 9. 1998
  10. 10. 1998 • Mozilla Foundation formed • Google received first funding, space, and hired first employee
  11. 11. 2002 http://www.flickr.com/photos/11127460@N00/1476380120
  12. 12. 2002 • Friendster started • Google begins a “secret” book project
  13. 13. 2003 http://www.flickr.com/photos/pathfinderlinden/199857832/
  14. 14. 2003 • SecondLife • Google begins experimentation with scanning books
  15. 15. 2004
  16. 16. 2004 • theFacebook.com created • Google begins forming relationships with libraries and publishers • Announce Google Print project
  17. 17. 2005 http://www.flickr.com/photos/91569742@N00/275326348
  18. 18. 2005 • One Laptop Per Child announced • Rename to “Google Books”
  19. 19. 2006 http://www.flickr.com/photos/39772953@N00/144457380
  20. 20. 2006 • The Nintendo Wii • Improve the Google Books interface, adding features including “about this book” pages
  21. 21. 2007 http://www.flickr.com/photos/65782757@N00/1517837041
  22. 22. 2007 • The iPhone • Google Books adds rich metadata: popular passages, places in this book, etc.
  23. 23. 2008
  24. 24. Recent Developments • More than 7 million books • Magazines
  25. 25. 7+ Million Books http://www.flickr.com/photos/51035555243@N01/85441961
  26. 26. Magazines! http://www.flickr.com/photos/68676385@N00/28406568
  27. 27. Questionable Conduct • Scanning = Copying • Did Google need a license to copy? • Google said, “No: Fair use!”
  28. 28. http://www.flickr.com/photos/magisterludi/134406718/
  29. 29. September 20, 2005
  30. 30. The Suit • Author’s Guild and several authors • Followed by October 19 suit by five Association of American Publishers members • Argued: Google violating copyright
  31. 31. http://www.flickr.com/photos/joegratz/117048243/
  32. 32. October 28, 2008
  33. 33. Settlement • Over 130 Pages • $125 Million Dollars • Google becomes the web’s largest online commercial bookseller.
  34. 34. [The deal is]“breathtaking in scope, groundbreaking for publishers and authors, and trailblazing for intellectual property in general.” - Richard Sarnoff, chairman of the AAP http://chronicle.com/wiredcampus/article/3423/google-publishers-and-authors-settle-huge-lawsuit-over-book-scanning-project
  35. 35. 130+ Pages http://www.flickr.com/photos/cdm/43454184/
  36. 36. $125M http://www.flickr.com/photos/21313845@N04/2402698820/
  37. 37. “Where does this leave the role of the publisher? Anyone can publish content now and peer reviewing can take place in an entirely different way.” -Phil Bradley, blogger and library consultant http://www.iwr.co.uk/information-world-review/features/2231863/tight-embrace
  38. 38. Settlement • Creates a Book Rights Registry • Pays Legal Fees • Pays Rights Holders
  39. 39. Settlement • Excludes: • Periodicals • Personal Papers • Works with a quantity of musical notation or lyrics
  40. 40. http://www.flickr.com/photos/jeope/458805152/
  41. 41. http://www.flickr.com/photos/bobaubuchon/2266418298/
  42. 42. http://www.flickr.com/photos/chrysti/2438813463/
  43. 43. Book Rights Registry • Created by Google • Overseen by board of publishers and authors • Will locate and represent copyright holders • Will be funded by portion of Google’s revenues
  44. 44. Book Rights Registry http://www.flickr.com/photos/11086302@N00/2414864070
  45. 45. http://www.flickr.com/photos/tcmhitchhiker/2435851122/
  46. 46. What Rightsholders Got • Can opt in and maintain over how much content can be seen • Can set prices or use Google algorithm • Receive between 35% and 100% revenue
  47. 47. “We had a major disagreement with Google about copyright law... We still do, and probably always will.” But he said that the parties had been “able to set those issues aside” for what “may be the biggest book deal in U.S. publishing history.” -Paul Aiken, Author’s Guild executive director http://chronicle.com/wiredcampus/article/3423/google- publishers-and-authors-settle-huge-lawsuit-over-book-scanning-project
  48. 48. http://www.flickr.com/photos/manfrys/2226178289/
  49. 49. What Google Got • The market: settlement makes it harder for competition • Largest online bookstore: access, print, and buy books • Retain 37% revenue • Has the option for print-on-demand and subscription services
  50. 50. What Google Got • Publishers agreed not to sue if mistakes were made with regard to orphan works • Can display more text
  51. 51. http://www.flickr.com/photos/fcb/175222049/
  52. 52. What Americans Got • More content will be viewable • Will be able to buy online access to a book or print out books for a per-page charge • Perpetual computer access to purchased books • Copy and paste for purchased books
  53. 53. What Americans Got • Watermarked printing • Annotations, and the ability to share with 25 people
  54. 54. “Although it is only a US settlement I think it is going to set a precedent or standard worldwide. The business model is going to become a paradigm for everybody.” -Mark Cardin, VP of Mylibrary provider Ingram Micro http:// www.iwr.co.uk/information-world-review/features/2231863/tight-embrace
  55. 55. http://www.flickr.com/photos/tom1231/1140607337/
  56. 56. What not-for-profitLibraries Got and Public higher education institutions that request it • One (library provided) access terminal per building for 4,000 FTE • Software to navigate the collection
  57. 57. What Academic Libraries Got • Ability to subscribe to the service • Remote access for faculty at home and students in residence halls
  58. 58. “This is a service that libraries, because of copyright restrictions, could not offer on their own and goes well beyond what would have been possible, even if Google had prevailed in defending the lawsuit.” -Paul Courant http://chronicle.com/wiredcampus/article/3423/ google-publishers-and-authors-settle-huge-lawsuit-over-book-scanning-project
  59. 59. Library Pricing http://www.flickr.com/photos/mamabarns/379951706/
  60. 60. Library Pricing • Still in process • Governed by plaintiffs (none of which were libraries) • Guided by: • Similar products, scope of books, quality of scan, available features
  61. 61. Library Pricing • Will be able to purchase discipline- based collections • Google can subsidize “fully participating” and “cooperating” library subscriptions • Initial pricing structures will last 2-3 years
  62. 62. Library Types • Fully Participating: lets google scan, retain copies, follow security provisions • Cooperating: lets google scan, without copies and associated security provisions • Public Domain: Provide Google Public Domain works • Other: Allow scanning without participating in the settlement
  63. 63. The Research Corpus • Subset of the collection for sophisticated computer analysis and research • Libraries choose two sites, Google is the third • Designed for non-consumptive research: • image analysis, text extraction, textual analysis, etc.
  64. 64. http://www.flickr.com/photos/96544444@N00/2250807329
  65. 65. Next Actions • Soon: Registry to begin • 6/11/09: Court approval • Rightsholders will have 120 days to opt out (and still, after that) • Mid/late-2009: Final approval expected • 2010: Likely to go into effect
  66. 66. Further Resources • Google: http://books.google.com/googlebooks/agreement/press.html • AAP: http://publishers.org/main/Copyright/Google/Release.htm • Author’s Guild: http://www.authorsguild.org/advocacy/ articles/settlement-resources.html • ARL Paper: http://www.arl.org/bm~doc/google- settlement-13nov08.pdf • Other Links: http://delicious.com/laurenpressley/gps
  67. 67. “IMHO, this is a good deal that could be the basis for something really fantastic.” -Lawrence Lessig http://lessig.org/blog/2008/10/ on_the_google_book_search_agre.html

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