Photorealism Elyse Engerer, Katelyn Rutherford, Lauren Hoffman
What is Photorealism? <ul><li>Style of painting that resembles a photo </li></ul><ul><li>Meticulous detail </li></ul><ul><...
The Photorealism Movement <ul><li>Began in the 1960’s and 1970’s in the United States and Britain </li></ul><ul><li>Develo...
How It All Began… <ul><li>The term Photorealism was first used by Louis K. Meisel in 1968 in the Whitney Museum Catalogue....
Technique <ul><li>Often done by oil or acrylic </li></ul><ul><li>Airbrushed or by hand, no visible brushstrokes. </li></ul...
Influential Artists <ul><li>Richard Estes </li></ul><ul><li>Chuck Close </li></ul><ul><li>Audrey Flack </li></ul><ul><li>D...
Richard Estes <ul><li>Born in Kewanee, Illinois in 1936, but later moved to Maine and New York to pursue his career as an ...
“ Bus Reflections”  (1972)  101 x 132 cm  Oil on canvas
“ Nedick’s” (1970) 121.9 x 167.6 cm Oil on canvas Richard Estes in front of his painting “Downtown” “ Circus Drive-In” (19...
Chuck Close <ul><li>Born in 1940 </li></ul><ul><li>Studied at the University of Washington School of Art </li></ul><ul><li...
( Before Accident) (After) “ Big Self-Portrait” (1968) Acrylic on canvas 107 1/2 x 83 1/2 in. “ Kiki” 1993 Acrylic on canv...
“ Self Portrait” (1995) Screen-print on paper   “ Brad” (2009) Tapestry 104 x 78 in. “ Part of the joy of looking at art i...
Audrey Flack <ul><li>Born in 1931, attended Music and Art School in New York City, studied at Cooper Union and Yale. </li>...
Kennedy Motorcade (1964) 38x42 inches  Oil on canvas “ Crayola” (1972-1973) 28x 40 inches Oil over acrylic on canvas
&quot;Art is a powerful force in this world, it is the visual representation of what we think and what we feel, and how  w...
Don Eddy <ul><li>Born in 1944 in Long Beach, California </li></ul><ul><li>Attended University of Hawaii and University of ...
“ G-II” (1978-1979) 44 x 40 in. Acrylic on Canvas “ G-IV” (1979-1980) Acrylic on Canvas 40 x 30 inches
“ A River Called In Lumen Profero” (2008) 48 x 56 in. Acrylic on Canvas “ Canticle for a Small World(detail)”(2006) 16 pan...
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C:\fakepath\photorealism

  1. 1. Photorealism Elyse Engerer, Katelyn Rutherford, Lauren Hoffman
  2. 2. What is Photorealism? <ul><li>Style of painting that resembles a photo </li></ul><ul><li>Meticulous detail </li></ul><ul><li>Also commonly called: Super Realism, New Realism, Sharp Focus Realism, Verism, Hyper-Realism </li></ul><ul><li>Produces a sense of reality and depicts the “naked truth” </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Photorealism Movement <ul><li>Began in the 1960’s and 1970’s in the United States and Britain </li></ul><ul><li>Developed as a reaction to Abstract Expressionism </li></ul><ul><li>Detachment from Minimalism </li></ul><ul><li>Similar to the Pop Art movement, who is also influenced by “consumer culture” </li></ul><ul><li>Capture everyday life of America </li></ul><ul><li>Takes planning, skill and meticulous detail and concentration. </li></ul>
  4. 4. How It All Began… <ul><li>The term Photorealism was first used by Louis K. Meisel in 1968 in the Whitney Museum Catalogue. </li></ul><ul><li>Two years later, upon the request of Stuart M. Speiser, Meisel developed a five-point definition. </li></ul><ul><li>Five-Point Definition </li></ul><ul><li>1.) The Photo-Realist uses a camera and photograph to gather information. </li></ul><ul><li>2.) The Photo-Realist uses a mechanical or semi-mechanical means to transfer the information to the canvas. </li></ul><ul><li>3.) The Photo-Realist must have the technical ability to make the finished work appear photographic. </li></ul><ul><li>4.)The artist must have exhibited work as a Photo-Realist by 1972 to be considered one of the central Photo-Realists. </li></ul><ul><li>5.) The artist must have devoted at least 5 years to the development and exhibition. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Technique <ul><li>Often done by oil or acrylic </li></ul><ul><li>Airbrushed or by hand, no visible brushstrokes. </li></ul><ul><li>Trial Watercolor paintings </li></ul><ul><li>Grid System </li></ul><ul><li>Projector </li></ul><ul><li>Large Canvases </li></ul><ul><li>Subjects often include reflective surfaces, street scenes and portraits, all of which were prior planned </li></ul>
  6. 6. Influential Artists <ul><li>Richard Estes </li></ul><ul><li>Chuck Close </li></ul><ul><li>Audrey Flack </li></ul><ul><li>Don Eddy </li></ul>
  7. 7. Richard Estes <ul><li>Born in Kewanee, Illinois in 1936, but later moved to Maine and New York to pursue his career as an artist. </li></ul><ul><li>Studied at Art Institute of Chicago </li></ul><ul><li>Commercial Artist/Publisher/Advertiser </li></ul><ul><li>Most well-known for street views with intricate glass reflections. </li></ul>
  8. 8. “ Bus Reflections” (1972) 101 x 132 cm Oil on canvas
  9. 9. “ Nedick’s” (1970) 121.9 x 167.6 cm Oil on canvas Richard Estes in front of his painting “Downtown” “ Circus Drive-In” (1971) 43.2 x 61 cm Oil on canvas More Works by Estes
  10. 10. Chuck Close <ul><li>Born in 1940 </li></ul><ul><li>Studied at the University of Washington School of Art </li></ul><ul><li>Suffered a spinal blood clot in 1988 leading him to be a quadriplegic </li></ul><ul><li>After his tragic accident, his art career continued but he was forced to paint using his mouth. </li></ul><ul><li>Most commonly known for his non-expressional portraits. </li></ul><ul><li>Liked to point out flaws of the human face. </li></ul>
  11. 11. ( Before Accident) (After) “ Big Self-Portrait” (1968) Acrylic on canvas 107 1/2 x 83 1/2 in. “ Kiki” 1993 Acrylic on canvas 107 1/2 x 83 1/2 in. “ I discovered about 150 dots is the minimum number of dots to make a specific recognizable person. You can make something that looks like a head, with fewer dots, but you won't be able to give much information about who it is.”
  12. 12. “ Self Portrait” (1995) Screen-print on paper “ Brad” (2009) Tapestry 104 x 78 in. “ Part of the joy of looking at art is getting in sync in some ways with the decision-making process that the artist used and the record that's embedded in the work. ” “ Painting is the most magical of mediums. The transcendence is truly amazing to me every time I go to a museum and I see how somebody figured another way to rub colored dirt on a flat surface and make space where there is no space or make you think of a life experience.”
  13. 13. Audrey Flack <ul><li>Born in 1931, attended Music and Art School in New York City, studied at Cooper Union and Yale. </li></ul><ul><li>Started off as Abstract Expressionist </li></ul><ul><li>Dealt with not being taken seriously for being a woman </li></ul><ul><li>Sculptor </li></ul><ul><li>Pioneer Photorealist </li></ul><ul><li>Most known for emotional effect! </li></ul>
  14. 14. Kennedy Motorcade (1964) 38x42 inches Oil on canvas “ Crayola” (1972-1973) 28x 40 inches Oil over acrylic on canvas
  15. 15. &quot;Art is a powerful force in this world, it is the visual representation of what we think and what we feel, and how we think and how we feel.&quot;
  16. 16. Don Eddy <ul><li>Born in 1944 in Long Beach, California </li></ul><ul><li>Attended University of Hawaii and University of California </li></ul><ul><li>Unlike other artists who use just acrylic, Eddy first paints his canvases green, then purple, then brown. </li></ul>
  17. 17. “ G-II” (1978-1979) 44 x 40 in. Acrylic on Canvas “ G-IV” (1979-1980) Acrylic on Canvas 40 x 30 inches
  18. 18. “ A River Called In Lumen Profero” (2008) 48 x 56 in. Acrylic on Canvas “ Canticle for a Small World(detail)”(2006) 16 panels at 11 x 11 inches Panel

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