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History of media


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History of media

  1. 1. History of media
  2. 2. 1930’s• BBC broadcasts television four days a week• transmits a play by television, 240 lines/sec of resolution• A recording, the Hindenburg crash, is the first coast to coast broadcast.• "golden age" of radio begins
  3. 3. 1940’s• fantasia• first digital computer to be put in service• electronic colour TV demonstrated• comic book publishers are selling 25,000,000 copies a month• Churchills radio speeches encourage battered Britons, others
  4. 4. 1950’s• 3D movies offer thrills to the audience• A surgical operation is televised• "top 40" radio music format created• TV guide; initial press run• A computer is part of a movie plot: Desk set, with Tracy and Hepburn• comic book code censors horror, hurts sales, hits industry hard
  5. 5. 1960’s• A wireless microphone is used in a movie, mutiny on the bounty.• Andy Warhol paints many images of Campbells soup cans, Marilyn Monroe.• Dr. No begins the James bond series• Hollywood adopts an age-based rating system• footage of JFK assassination broadcast around the Oswald• also at the movies: the graduate, cool hand Luke, bonnie and clyde
  6. 6. 1970’s• the word "internet" enters the lexicon• the BBC offers ceefax• 1971- the first e-mail was sent• punk rock music emerges with themes of nihilism, anarchy• the critical paradigm was formed in the early 1970s, raising questions about media and power.• Advent of influential journals screen and screen education
  7. 7. 1980’s• Charles and Diannas wedding attracts worldwide audiences of 750 million- the most watched television event.• photos can be digitally manipulated on a home computer.• Researchers try to index the exploding internet; cant keep up• 50 newspapers now offer online access to news texts• desktop publishing became familiar• USA today is a newspaper influenced by television news style• Michael Jacksons album Thriller sells 25 million copies
  8. 8. 1990’s• DVDs go on sale• Nokia sends text messages between mobile phones• Forrest Gump uses digital photo tricks to insert person into historical footage.• Image of dancing baby emailed worldwide, becomes TVs Ally McBeal regular• $35,000 Blair Witch Project shows potential of low cost video production• Digital satellite TV service, direct TV, offered
  9. 9. 2000’s• iPod holds 10,000 tunes, but fits into a shirt pocket• The Sims 2 advances story games for computer• iTunes music store offers tune for 99 cents• south Africas sesame street introduces an HIV-positive puppet• Apple to distribute movies through I tunes• feature film, Attack of the clones, produced entirely in digital format.• UK workers spend more time with email than with their children
  10. 10. The Hays Code• The first attempt at introducing film censorship in the US through laying down a series of guidelines to film producers• The code was founded according to the concept: "if motion pictures present stories that will affect lives for the better, They can become the most powerful force for the improvement of mankind"• The Code was based on three general principles• Directly influenced the content of almost every American film made between 1930 and 1966