DrugsAn Informational ResourceBy Lauren CaseyA Drug is any sort ofchemical substancethat has physiologicaleffects when ingestedinto the body.Drugs can be taken forrecreation or medicinalpurposes.Recreational drugs aremostly illegal and canpose increased risks todanger.The Short term and longterm effect of Drug Usecan lead to serioussocial implications.
CannabisImage Source:http://www.cannabisculture.com/content/2012/10/23/States-Consider-Moving-Beyond-Medical-MarijuanaInformation Source:http://www.druginfo.adf.org.au/drug-facts/cannabis?gclid=CIv23puAj7cCFSpBpgodYjwAZg- Australian Drug Foundation, 2013http://www0.health.nsw.gov.au/factsheets/drugAndAlcohol/marijuana.html - NSW Health - 2011Cannabis is the most commonly illegal drug used inAustralia.Cannabis is derived from the plants Cannabis Sativaand Cannabis Indica.There are 3 main forms of Cannabis.• MarijuanaMarijuana is the dried leaves and flowers of the plant.• HashishHashish is the dried Cannabis Resin.• Hash OilHash Oil is the thick oily liquid that is extracted fromCannabis.
Common Street NamesCommon street names for Cannabis include:• Marijuana• Grass• Mull• Pot• Dope• Yarndi• Mary Jane• Hash• BudThe use of these slang names can also be used in conjunctionwith Slang terms for how the drugs will be used.Common Slang names for use and abuse of Cannabis include:• Blast (blast a roach, blast a stick, blast a joint)• Blow a stick• Burn one• Fire it up• Get a gage up• Get the wind• Mow the grass• Torch upImage Source:http://teachers.smokesnojoke.org.uk/content/SmokingCannabis.aspxInformation Source:http://www0.health.nsw.gov.au/factsheets/drugAndAlcohol/marijuana.html - NSW Health - 2011http://www.police.nsw.gov.au/__data/assets/file/0007/2410/Cannabis.pdf- NSW Police - 2010http://casapalmera.com/nicknames-street-names-and-slang-for-marijuana/- Casa Palmera – 2013
Appearance and IngredientsImage Sources:http://www.northernstar.com.au/news/backyard-pot-growers-busted/1659541/http://marijuana-seeds-cannabis.com/marijuana_seeds_cannabis_how_to_make_hashesh.phpInformational Sources:http://www0.health.nsw.gov.au/factsheets/drugAndAlcohol/marijuana.html - NSW Health - 2011http://www.druginfo.adf.org.au/drug-facts/cannabis?gclid=CIv23puAj7cCFSpBpgodYjwAZg- Australian Drug Foundation, 2013Cannabis Sativa PlantForms of CannabisThe Cannabis Plants has bright green leaves with acharacteristic shape of five to seven leaflets. A stickyresin covers the upper leaves and flowering tops.Marijuana has the appearance of dried herbs or tea. Itcan contains seeds or twigs. Its colours can range fromgrey, green or brown in colour.Hash is the dried cannabis resin. This is usually sold in theshape of small blocks. Hash contains a higherconcentrate of THC (delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol) themain active ingredient of Cannabis.THC is the chemical found in the plant that gives you thefeeling of a “high”. The potency of the THC depends onwhat part of the plant you are using. The flowers andbud have a higher dose than the leave or stems.
Short Term EffectsShorts term effect of Cannabis can vary from oneperson to another. However, the most commoneffects include:• A person becoming more talkative• A person experience dry, red eyes• A person experiencing a dry mouth and throat• A person feeling more hungry• A person appearing more anxious and/orparanoid• A person having trouble concentrating• A person experiencing increased heart rate• A person experience breathing difficulties.Image Source:http://www.tumblr.com/tagged/bloodshot%20eyesInformation Source:http://www0.health.nsw.gov.au/factsheets/drugAndAlcohol/marijuana.html - NSW Health - 2011
Long Term EffectsImage Source:http://www.rfi.fr/actuen/articles/116/article_4617.aspInformational Source:http://www0.health.nsw.gov.au/factsheets/drugAndAlcohol/marijuana.html - NSW Health - 2011http://www.druginfo.adf.org.au/drug-facts/cannabis?gclid=CIv23puAj7cCFSpBpgodYjwAZg- Australian drug foundation – 2013http://www.dassa.sa.gov.au/site/page.cfm?u=128 – SA Government 2013Long term and regular usage of Cannabis cancause the following long term effects. These effectsare not only detrimental to a persons physicalhealth, but their emotional and social health too.• Addiction towards the Drug• increased risk of respiratory diseases includinglung cancer, and Bronchitis• decreased motivation• decreased ability to learn new things• decreased libido and fertility• depression and mental health• Impairment of the Immune System• psychological effects - this is more common if theperson is predisposed to mental health issues.• legal problems - obtaining fines and criminalconvictions
Social ImpactIt has been estimated that around 200,000 Australian adultsare dependent on cannabis. Approximately one in tenpeople who ever try cannabis will become dependent onit at some time in their lives.Cannabis law enforcement costs the Australian communitywell in excess of $300 million per year (about three-quartersof the total cost of illegal drug enforcement). Theenforcement of laws relating to cannabis can have animpact on future employment, education and travelprospects of thousands of young Australians.It has been reported that people who start smokingcannabis at a younger age (early adolescence)and who smoke heavily are more likely to experiencemental health problems. General life problems such asconflict at home, school or work, FinancialProblems, Memory problems and legal issues are all at anincreased rate after years of drug abuse.Image Source:http://www.minddisorders.com/Py-Z/Separation-anxiety-disorder.htmlInformational Source:http://ncpic.org.au/static/pdfs/resources/fast-facts-on-cannabis.pdf –National Cannabis Prevention and information Centre – 2013http://aic.gov.au/documents/A/D/5/%7BAD592CF2-21C6-45A9-AC71-0CF4445CF355%7Dti48.pdf – Australian Institute of Criminology - 1995
Drugs, in particular cannabis, can have serious short and long term effects on a user.The active ingredient THC can range in potency levels, providing a variety of differenteffects.Long term drug use can cause serious social implications, costing the Australiangovernment millions in preventable funding.The Drug slang can cause confusion amongst parents with teen users. This can thanmake it difficult for parents to identify problems.