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Final part 1 b


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Final part 1 b

  1. 1. Final Part 1 B By Lauren Byrum
  2. 2. The Panama Canal <ul><li>Was created to be a short cut to the Pacific Ocean </li></ul><ul><li>The same man who oversaw the creation of the Suez Canal was the overseer for the Panama Canal and thought he could do it the same way </li></ul><ul><li>The project was first undertaken by the French but was never completed due to disease, death, and economic hardships. </li></ul><ul><li>3 out 4 people that were admitted to the hospital during the French portion of this project died </li></ul><ul><li>Because of the fail by the French people it was thought to be impossible and the project was left untouched for a while. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Involvement of Teddy Roosevelt in the Completion of the Panama Canal <ul><li>With the death of William McKinley, Theodore became president </li></ul><ul><li>Roosevelt lobbied for Congress’ permission to take on the project of creating the Panama Canal and it was granted to him </li></ul><ul><li>He started immediately through gaining control over the area through means that were not seen to be legally done </li></ul><ul><li>Theodore Roosevelt would stop at nothing to get the desired effect and vision that he saw. </li></ul><ul><li>Construction started again. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Relationship of the Living Area to the Quality of Work <ul><li>Chief Engineer John Stevens decided that before they could continue working on the Panama Canal they would need to improve the living conditions of the workers </li></ul><ul><li>He ordered insecticide and screens to be put up that would keep malaria and yellow fever spreading mosquitoes away. </li></ul><ul><li>They created a community type center for everyone to live in and it became a home away from home </li></ul><ul><li>After the living conditions were acceptable they began to start production on the canal again </li></ul><ul><li>Stevens also decided that they should not dig the canal all the way to sea level; had they attempted to they probably would have failed </li></ul><ul><li>Stevens saw a lot of success during his reign as chief engineer and even oversaw the visit from Teddy Roosevelt </li></ul><ul><li>However, Stevens quit for reasons that are still unclear </li></ul>
  5. 5. Racism in the Canal <ul><li>Sadly, a theme of the work done on the Panama Canal was racism </li></ul><ul><li>Foreign blacks were a large majority of the people who worked on the canal </li></ul><ul><li>Unlike their white colleagues they were paid in silver rather than gold </li></ul><ul><li>They were given the most dangerous jobs and were not given the comforts of home that the whites were </li></ul><ul><li>Out of the entire number of people that were killed during the construction of the canal the majority were black foreigners </li></ul>
  6. 6. Los Angeles Aqueduct <ul><li>William Mulholland </li></ul><ul><li>He was responsible for the Los Angeles Department of Water and Power </li></ul><ul><li>He oversaw the building of the aqueducts and dams that brought and collected water within Los Angeles that could be used throughout California </li></ul><ul><li>He tended to overlook the long term consequences of his decisions and focused only on getting water into California here and now </li></ul>
  7. 7. Running Dry <ul><li>The Los Angeles Aqueduct was 233 miles long </li></ul><ul><li>It pulled water directly from Owens Valley, it was the valley’s only source of water </li></ul><ul><li>Mulholland’s plans to get water no matter what it took lead to the Owens Lake being bled dry </li></ul>
  8. 8. Water Wars <ul><li>There was a lot of debate over whether or not Mulholland’s methods were legitimate </li></ul><ul><li>He moved quickly and acted too hastily often angering the people he dealt with </li></ul><ul><li>Began a “war” over water and who should get it and how it should be collected </li></ul>
  9. 9. Mulholland’s End <ul><li>Mulholland angered many people, including the farmers whose land he wanted to buy for the expansion of the Los Angeles aqueducts </li></ul><ul><li>He was on bad terms with many people at the time </li></ul><ul><li>His career came to a complete end when the St. Francis Dam that he oversaw collapsed only hours after he had inspected it. </li></ul>