Draft Resolution on the Promotion of Food Security

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The ECOSOC Plenary Committee
XMUN
2009 group training
the first version

Published in: Education
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  • Dear Bernard,
    Thank you for your comments and I am joining the group. I am a member of Model United Nations in our university and this is one of the draft resolutions we made.
    Wish you a fatastic new year and a nice day..........Lauren

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  • Hello ! I'd like to invite you to join the FOR A BETTER WORLD'. Do you think your 'favorites' or your presentations may contribute to making the world better ? Through the knowledge, the information, taking consciousness, public awareness through reflection ... Yes ? So, your place is among us ! All your presentations, videos, documents which can help improve the world are welcome. is also an opportunity to showcase your wonderful work ! Feel free to join us. Thank you in advance for your participation and sharing your favorites. Good day. Bernard
    http://www.slideshare.net/group/for-a-better-world
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  • Excellent : Interesting ! Informative ! Thank for sharing. Congratulations. Bernard (France)
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Draft Resolution on the Promotion of Food Security

  1. 1. Education Urges the Member States and relevant organizations to expand the investigation devoted to agricultural education at individual, national and global level,therefore, (a). Strongly suggests the UN and the UNESCO guide the program of multinational teacher training thus encourage developed countries help train teachers and researchers of developing countries; (b). Strongly suggests governments of developing countries disseminate primary education and reduce the illiteracy rate by legislating laws, declining charge, perfecting social welfare, training competent teachers and building more schools; (c). Recommends governments to strengthen adult education to train more adequate working force; Technology 1. Further urges that countries which are advanced in agriculture technology to develop more sustainable, productive, internationally competitive and profitable agricultural, food and fiber industries by (a). Recommending developed countries donate agriculture facilities to developing countries to help achieving their basic food requirement, i. All the donations shall be made voluntarily and aiding countries are banned to ask for any interest in return; ii. Aiding countries are supposed to send maintenance personnel once a year to the aided countries to ensure the facilities workable; iii. Aided countries shall use and protect the donations appropriately under supervision; iv. Once the facilities are destroyed, stolen, or damaged, aided countries have to deliver a report to its adding countries; (b). Starting an exchange program between developed countries and developing countries, which aimed at communicating the agricultural experiences in the way of: i. Strongly recommending agriculture-developed countries send agricultural professional personnel to the developing countries to
  2. 2. teach agriculture knowledge; ii. Requiring agriculture-developed countries to set an amount of international exchange students, which are particularly majored in agriculture; iii. Requiring the recipient countries to ensure the agricultural professional personnel’s’ safety during the exchange; iv. Requiring recipient countries to make sure that the exchange students only work locally after they finish the exchange to the agriculture-advanced countries; 2. Encourages new practices that help to support sustainable farming, which is a healthy environment and natural resources management; 3. Urges agriculture-advanced countries, especially the developed countries help those low-advanced countries with their native agriculture development by sending technology assistance; 4. Further urges the governments collaborate more close with the international and scientific communities, in both the republic and the private sectors by: (a) strengthening national research systems in order to develop coordinated programs in support of research to promote food security; (b) Strengthening international research systems, in particular the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR), promote global coordination and collaboration in the way of i. Encouraging member states to strengthen the capacity for primary producers to use sustainable natural resource management practices in a changing climate; ii. Encouraging member states to strengthen the national approach to weeds research and to establish the national weeds and productivity research program (c) Further encouraging member states to provide grants that assist farmers and fishers in adopting practices that contribute to improved soil management and the sustainability of fisheries resources Economy: 1. Calls upon all the Member States and other related organizations to take effective
  3. 3. actions to curb the increasing food prices by (a). Urging the World Trade Organizations adjusts the food prices of the world food market, especially for the countries faced with barriers on achieving the basic food requirement for the people and take appropriate steps to stabilize world food prices; (b). Encouraging nations to supervise and organize their food markets by means of : i. developing national laws on regulating the import and export of food, especially staple food, in order to improve the domestic food market in a more clear and open way while preventing illegal food trade efficiently; ii. paying more attention on food monopoly and make active efforts on striking food monopoly by establishing diplomatic relations with different countries which have much food stockpile; 2. Urges Member States, international financial institutions of the United Nations system, intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations and regional and interregional organizations to extend economic assistance to developing countries as rapidly and generously as possible through: (a). Providing direct food support based on the information collected by the database with the aid of international organizations and its Member States; (b). Offering financial support to developing countries in improving the technical equipment and agricultural working conditions; (c). Advocating for the establishment of global food storage system powered by the UN, World Bank and Food Bank to reserve in advance in case of a food crisis; 3. Urges the UN and the FAO enhance international food trade supervision by: (a). Placing Member States and food multinational companies under the supervision of international organizations to prevent impartial trade conduction in the way of i. Sending commissioners, even permanent representatives if needed, to supervise relevant countries and companies thus prevent financial crime that harms the interest of vulnerable countries;
  4. 4. ii. Limiting the generation of bio-fuel in developed countries when needed; iii. Helping developing countries reform their agriculture pattern to realize plant diversity in agriculture and break the vicious cycle of impartial international food trade model; (b). Calling on all Member States eliminate of international food trade barriers by using international import standards and reconsider trade protectionism policies; 4. Further recommends developed countries to invest in targeted research and development to drive innovation and adoption of new practices that will underpin more competitive, productive, adaptive and sustainable agriculture, fishing and forestry industries; Structure: Early warming system 1. Requests the Food and Agriculture Organization(FAO) to establish as quickly as possible prevention and preparedness strategies for low-income and short-food countries and other countries and regions vulnerable to emergencies such as: (a). Preparing and /or maintaining vulnerability information , which will influence the food security; (b). Analyzing the major causes of vulnerability and their consequences; (c). Making maximum use of existing data and information systems to forecast the disaster which will lead to food insecurity; (d). Promoting and maintaining as quickly as possible, the collaboration with non-governmental organizations and other organizations, and establish the preparedness strategies and mechanisms on promotion of food security including: i. Development and application of climate forecast information for surveillance; ii. Early-warning on the drought, flood, other natural disasters, pest and disease alertness;
  5. 5. 2. Encourages every nations and relevant organizations improve and, if necessary, develop efficient and effective emergency response mechanisms at international, regional, national and local levels by: (a). Strengthening the coordination and efficiency of international emergency assistance to ensure rapid, coordinated and appropriate response, particularly improving communications amongst the international community; (b). Recommending nations with surplus production on food to convene a stockpile so that they can have a sufficient supply of provisions for self-use and for selling or donating to countries when emergencies happen; (c). Establishing a global standard and an effective widely assessment on the low-income and short-food countries , and regions vulnerable to emergencies, according to the countries’ grain output, the per capita share of grain, and the damage degree in the emergencies; (d). Dividing the countries into several grades according to the standard mentioned above, assistance offered and food aid donated strictly and timely depend on the standard and different grades, when emergency happens; 3. Recommends the Food and Agriculture Organization(FAO) to set up a specific system, monitoring the implementation and availability situation of the emergency food aid, so as to ensure the access to food and food sovereignty; 4. Strengthens linkages between relief operations and development programmes, so that they are mutually supportive and facilitate the transition from relief to development throughout: (a). keeping under review the standards for the nutritional adequacy of food assistance to disaster affected populations; (b). dispatching professional persons and volunteers to the regions where the emergencies happen, giving their experience and assistance to ensure emergency operations will foster the transition from relief, through recovery, to development; Market reform
  6. 6. 1. Encourages the transition from an economy dominated by a few oligopolies to a more competitive structure; 2. Urges the Member States to increase the productivity of farming and other rural activities so that rural residents can produce a surplus for the market; 3. Urges the UN and the FAO to enhance the system of reducing the costs and risks to these people of engaging in trade; 4. Recommending the Member States to encourage the food producers to generate various food and change the role of the states in cereals production and marketing; 5. Recommending the UN and the FAO to use part of the financial aids into food market by: (a). setting up a special fund which aims at protect not only the producers’ rights but the consumers’ rights; (b). Compensating agricultural producers to promote their enthusiasm; (c). Strengthening the market, through assistance to the private sector as it took on greater responsibilities in the newly reformed markets; 6. Requires all the Member States to operate openly on the market and strengthen market infrastructure and traders’ investments in transport and storage by: (a). Regulating the grain market but try to avoid excessive interference; (b). Striking grain monopoly and prevent the minority controlling food prices; (c). Making the food market’s information public timely; (d). Controlling the action of speculation and guarantee stable investment environment; Conflict support Calls upon the States to reach more peaceful communications, reduce the disputes and conflicts, and offer the food development a stable and peaceful environment through: 1. Urging all Member States make joint efforts to keep domestic peace and prevent
  7. 7. conflicts in every possible way; 2. Requesting the UN, especially the Security Council, take measures to settle a conflict when it occurs and provide them with peaceful communities instead of conflicts; 3. Establishes a peace-making team over countries , the following are to be noted: (a). The team consists of the United Nations staff belonging to the United Nations agencies, is funded by the United Nations commitment; (b). The team has the authority to directly interfere in mediation when any country is involves in the conflict of interest,; (c). Once the group begins to investigate, the party-country must be cooperative; (d). For countries which do not cooperate with the team, the United Nations has the power to sanction their economy; (e). When a country in the group of solutions dissatisfaction may file an appeal to the United Nations; Environmental Governing 1. Urges countries to support the access to overseas markets and protect the economy and environment from the impacts of unwanted pests and diseases through the safe movement of animals, plants and their products, including genetic material and cargo; 2. Further urges countries to continue the development of a risk based intervention approach for vessels, sea and air cargo, international passengers and mail, supported by information and communication technology (ICT) systems and appropriate skills; 3. Calls upon countries which is weak in environment protection to set up special organization working on safeguarding native animal and plant health status and to establish mechanism such as risk assessment, inspection and certification for the potential threat which Bio-security brings;

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