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  1. 1. Parts of speech<br />
  2. 2. ELA6C1 The student demonstrates understanding and control of the rules of the English language, realizing that usage involves the appropriate application of conventions and grammar in both written and spoken formats<br />a. Identifies and uses the eight basic parts of speech and demonstrates that words can be different parts of speech within a sentence<br />
  3. 3. A noun is a….<br />PERSON,PLACE, THING, or IDEA<br />
  4. 4. Person: friend, parent, boy, Jane<br />Place: home, city, backyard, Mcdonalds<br />Thing: ball, homework, secret, Easter<br />Idea: happiness, trouble, love <br />
  5. 5. Common vs. Proper<br />Common Nouns: Name general items<br />Proper Nouns: Name specific things<br />CommonProper<br /> coffee shop Starbucks<br /> jeans Levi’s<br /> country United States<br /> singer Justin Bieber<br />
  6. 6. Abstract Nouns<br />Nouns that you CANNOT : <br />see, hear, smell, taste, or feel<br /> Bravery Love<br /> Trust Creativity<br /> Freedom Thought<br /> Education Communication<br /> Honesty<br />
  7. 7. COLLECTIVE NOUNS<br />Names groups composed of members<br />Audience Family Department<br /> Team Class Committee Company Group<br />
  8. 8. PLURAL NOUNS<br />More than one<br />Usually just add an “s” or an “es”<br />more than one girl = girls <br /> more than one kiss = kisses<br />more than one box = boxes<br />more than one snake = snakes<br />Irregular Plural forms:<br />more than one goose = geese<br />more than one child = children<br />more than one mouse = mice<br />
  9. 9. POSSESSIVE NOUNS<br />Names who or what has something<br />The captain’s voice<br />The child’s mother<br />My father’s car<br />The baby’s bottle<br />
  10. 10. My team won the championship game.<br />A. Plural Noun<br /> B. Collective Noun<br />
  11. 11. My sister’s hair is blonde now.<br />A. Possessive Noun<br /> B. Plural Noun<br /> C. Collective Noun<br />
  12. 12. I was happy about my new friendship with Susan.<br />A. Plural Noun<br /> B. Collective Noun<br /> C. Abstract Noun<br />
  13. 13. The women in my mother’s club are very nice.<br />A. Collective Noun<br /> B. Plural Noun<br /> C. Possessive Noun<br />
  14. 14. It took an hour to finish my homework assignments.<br />A. Possessive Noun<br />B. Collective Noun<br />C. Plural Noun<br />
  15. 15. We stopped by Taco Bell on the way home from practice.<br />A. Collective Noun<br /> B. Proper Noun<br /> C. Common Noun<br />
  16. 16. My mother appreciated my honesty when I admitted to breaking her vase. <br />A. Possessive Noun<br /> B. Abstract Noun<br /> C. Collective Noun<br />
  17. 17. ADJECTIVES<br />Describes a noun<br />Tells….<br />What kind?I found a RED rose.<br />How many? THREEtickets, please.<br />Which one? I would eat THESE muffins.<br />
  18. 18. COMMON ADJECTIVES<br />A simple, regular adjective<br />Describes a noun in a general way<br />sharp, flexible, hot, red, hidden, dripping, nice, huge, slow, hairy, beautiful, straight, crazy, smart, shy, nervous, loud….<br />
  19. 19. SADBLUE CHILLY EMPTY<br /> OLD SWEET STRONG RICH<br />
  20. 20. PROPER ADJECTIVES<br />Derived from propernouns<br />Usually capitalized<br />Proper NounProper Adjective<br />America <br /> Mexico <br /> England <br /> Mars <br />American<br />Mexican<br /> English<br />Martian<br />
  21. 21. Demonstrative adjectives<br />Points out nouns<br />Always answers the question which one?<br />Singular Plural<br />THIS<br />THAT<br />THESE<br />THOSE<br />
  22. 22. I saw a rabbit run under these bushes.<br />Can you understand the plot of this book?<br />I think those flowers are beautiful.<br />That boy did well on this test. <br />
  23. 23. VERBS<br />Express actionor state of being<br />
  24. 24. ACTION VERBS<br />Show action<br />-Can be actions you can’t see: thought, wanted<br />-Time-telling verbs: Tell when something takes place<br />Present tense: runs<br /> Past tense: ran<br /> Future tense: will run<br />
  25. 25. TRANSITIVE<br /> Takes a direct object<br /> Transmits action to an object<br /> He sent the letter. <br />You lifted the bag. <br /> I ate the pie. <br />Direct object receives the action<br />(letter = direct object of sent)<br />(bag receives the action of lifted)<br />(pie receives the action of ate)<br />
  26. 26. INTRANSITIVE<br />Does not take an object<br />Verbs that are ALWAYS intransitive:<br />arrive, go, lie, sneeze, sit, die<br />She sleeps too much. <br />James went to the store.<br />Glenda sits on the front porch.<br />Nothing receives the action of the verbs<br />
  27. 27. TRANSITIVE VS. INTRANSITIVE<br />She sings every day.<br />(no object = intransitive)<br />She sings songs. <br />(songs receives the action of sings = transitive)<br />The boy eats candy.<br />(candy receives the action of eats = transitive)<br />The boy eats after dinner.<br /> (no object = intransitive)<br />
  28. 28. The old woman struggled up the hill.<br />A. Transitive<br /> B. Intransitive<br />
  29. 29. The man bought flowers for his wife.<br /> A. Transitive<br /> B. Intransitive<br />
  30. 30. The sun rose early this morning.<br /> A. Transitive<br /> B. Intransitive<br />
  31. 31. At the end of the play, the entire cast dances across the stage.<br /> A. Transitive<br /> B. Intransitive<br />
  32. 32. I eat mustard on my french fries instead of ketchup.<br />A. Transitive<br /> B. Intransitive<br />
  33. 33. Jack knew his hard work paid off when he received first prize. <br />A. Transitive<br /> B. Intransitive<br />
  34. 34. LINKING VERBS<br />Do notexpress action<br />Connects the subject of the verb to additional information about the subject.<br />True Linking Verbs:<br />Any form of be [am, is, are, was, were, has been, are being, might have been, etc.. ]<br />become, and seem<br />
  35. 35. Jane is an athlete.<br /> During the afternoon, my cats are content to nap on the couch.<br /> After drinking the old milk, John turned green.<br /> Mark feels sleepy after eating a big meal.<br />
  36. 36. LINKING VS. ACTION<br />If you can substitute am, is, or are & the sentence still makes sense, it is a linking verb<br />If, after the substitution, the sentence makes no sense, it is an action verb<br />Linking OR Action verbs:<br />appear, feel, grow, look, prove, remain, smell, sound, taste, and turn<br />
  37. 37. Sylvia tasted the spicy stew.  (Sylvia is the stew.) <br />Tasted is a(n) action verb in this sentence.<br />The stew tasted good.  (The stew is good.)<br /> Tasted is a(n) linking verb in this sentence.<br />I smell the aroma of the stew.  (I am the aroma.) <br /> Smell is a(n) action verb in this sentence.<br />The stew smells heavenly.  (The stew is heavenly.)<br /> Smells in a(n) linking verb in this sentence.<br />
  38. 38. The ghost appeared in the doorway.<br /> A. Linking<br /> B. Action<br />
  39. 39. My mother tasted the soup to make sure it was not too hot. <br /> A. Linking<br /> B. Action<br />
  40. 40. Jenny looks at the pictures in the book.<br /> A. Linking<br /> B. Action<br />
  41. 41. The gardener grew some flowers.<br />A. Linking<br /> B. Action<br />
  42. 42. The women grew silent when she saw the bear.<br /> A. Linking<br /> B. Action<br />

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