Open Access Overview


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A brief overview of open access, for librarians and faculty.

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Open Access Overview

  1. 1. An Introduction to Open Access <br />Laura Wilson<br />Framingham State University<br />October 19, 2010<br />
  2. 2. What is Open Access Literature?<br />Literature that is “digital, online, free of charge, and free of most copyright and licensing restrictions.”<br />Why is Open Access important?<br />“OA removes price barriers (subscriptions, licensing fees, pay-per-view fees) and permission barriers (most copyright and licensing restrictions)”<br />- Peter Suber, independent policy strategist for open access to research<br />
  3. 3. Why is Open Access Important?<br />Subscription costs to scholarly journals continue to rise every year, even despite the recession<br />The average increase in the cost of journal subscription prices for academic libraries is 7% - 11% -- PER YEAR<br />Costs vary by discipline<br />
  4. 4. Cost Increase for Subscription Journals in Academic Libraries<br />Examples (2004 – 2008):<br /><br />
  5. 5. 2008 JOURNAL SUBSCRIPTION PRICES, provided by SPARC member libraries:<br /> $21,582 Journal of Comparative Neurology$16,860 Journal of Applied Polymer Science$15,589 Biochimica et biophysicaacta$10,118 European Journal of Pharmacology$9,545 Gene$8,921 Water, Air, and Soil Pollution$8,919 Methods in Enzymology$8,844 International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering$8,073 Journal of Geophysical Research$7,902 Experimental Brain Research$7,712 Biopolymers$7,665 Oncogene$7,587 Journal of Chemical Physics$6,163 Biotechnology & Bioengineering<br /><br />
  6. 6. Cost Increase for Subscription Journals in Academic Libraries<br />While the cost of journal subscriptions has risen, budgets for academic libraries have not increased at the same rate<br /> Often, budgets have not increased at all<br />Lack of funds and increased journal prices have forced libraries to stop subscribing to some journals<br />Sometimes these are core journals for certain disciplines<br />
  7. 7. Why Are Journal Prices Increasing?<br />Many journals are now published by large commercial publishers<br />These commercial publishers are taking over titles from independent, non-profit publishers<br />Commercial publishers “routinely operate with profit margins on their Science, Technology and Medical (STM) journal portfolios of between 30% and 40% annually” <br /><br />
  8. 8. Remember!<br />In the academic environment, scholars must often “publish or perish”<br />In order to gain promotion or tenure, or to receive grants, scholars MUST publish in scholarly journals<br />When scholars publish their research, they often must sign over copyright for the article to the journal’s publisher<br />Authors of articles in commercially published journals are NOT PAID by the publisher for their article or research<br />Scholars who peer-review and edit for a commercially published journal are also unpaid<br />
  9. 9. Remember!<br />Students and tax-payers pay the salaries of the professors and researchers who perform the research, write the articles, and conduct the peer-review and editing of the articles<br />Tax-payers and students must turn around and buy back from the publishing companies the research that has already been paid for!<br />
  10. 10. The Role of Open Access<br />“Digital, online, free of charge, and free of most copyright and licensing restrictions.”<br />Access research articles without barriers or fees<br />Many open access journals are peer-reviewed <br />Scholars donate their time to edit and referee, just as they do for the commercially published journals<br />
  11. 11. The Cost of Open Access Journals<br />Open access literature still has costs associated with it<br />Manuscript preparation, peer-review (when applicable) and online server space<br />Open Access journals are often funded by a subsidy from a university or professional society<br />Open Access journals may charge a processing fee to an article’s author or employer <br />Fees are often waived for economic hardship<br />May include advertisements<br />
  12. 12. Open Access Archives or Repositories<br />An open access archive or repository stores content (articles, etc.) and makes this content freely available to the public<br />No peer-review<br />Archives often belong to institutions such as universities and laboratories<br />Author’s may archive preprints without anyone’s permission<br />Many journals allow authors to archive their postprints<br />
  13. 13. How Librarians Can Promote Open Access<br />Create an open-access institutional eprint archive for both text and digital data<br />Help faculty deposit their research into the institutional archive<br />Publish research in an open access journal<br />Consider cancelling high priced journals that cannot explain their high costs, and issue a public statement that explains why<br />Help with digitization, access and preservation projects for the university and local groups<br />Join SPARC, a consortium of academic libraries that actively promote OA<br />
  14. 14. How Faculty Can Promote Open Access<br />Submit your research articles to open access journals in your field<br />Deposit your pre-prints and post-prints in an open-access archive or repository<br />Referee or edit an open access journal<br />Serve on your university’s committee to evaluate faculty for promotion or tenure<br />Do not penalize faculty for publishing in open access journals<br />Educate others about open access<br />
  15. 15. For More Information:<br />Open Access LibGuide (Subject Guide):<br />Offers videos, links and more information about open access<br />Compiled by Millie Gonzalez, FSU Librarian<br /><br />Directory of Open Access Journals<br />Discover free, full-text open access journals in your field<br /><br />
  16. 16. Works Cited and For More Information: <br />SPARC: The Right to Research<br />SPARC: History of Declining Access<br />What Librarians Can Do to Promote Open Access*9dzHBvL9fXwVs0HZ6VE-l6awtjyhhG-/Librarians<br />What Faculty Can Do To Promote Open Access<br />*8mAMPvwwaIAY6eC2kfO6hRxKs3kb7Ncf6FeB*VaQIOqbD-/Faculty<br />
  17. 17. Thank You!<br />Please take this very brief, 4 question survey about this presentation:<br /><br />Questions or Comments<br />Laura Wilson, Reference Librarian<br />508-626-4654<br /><br />If you would like to suggest a topic for a future LibLearn session, please contact the Reference Department<br />508-626-4654<br /><br />