High Angle This is my example of a high angle shot. The camera is held above the action but not directly over. This makes the character look vulnerable and insignificant.This is an example of a high angle shot of TheBride in Kill Bill. She looks vulnerable andhelpless as she lies on the floor.
Low Angle This type of shot is used to make the character look powerful and menacing, the lack of detail in the background makes the character more dominant and can disorientate the audience.This is an good example of a low angle shotfrom Jackie Brown. Jackie is made to looksignificant and important as she is the maincharacter.
Over the shoulder This shot is used to establish the location of the characters and places the audience in the view of the characters eyes. They are often used in conversations between characters with shot-reverse-shot to focus on one character’s face at a time.This is an example of an over the shoulder shotduring a dialogue scene in The Dark Knight. Itfocuses the audience on the jokers face and itsshows it almost from the other characters point ofview.
Tilt Tilts are used to disorientate the audience and show a sense of confusion. These are often used for flash-backs and dreams in films.This is an example of a tilt shot from TheThird Man. It creates confusion and asense of mysteriousness for theaudience.
Long shot These shots are used to establish the location of characters, to bring focus to them and to show action in films.This is an example from Kill Bill. Itestablishes the location and focuses on thecharacters. This can create tension as youcan tell action is about to begin.
Medium close-up These are used in dialogue and to show some detail of action. Usually only containing two people who are seen from the waist up.This is an example from Pulp Fiction.It establishes the setting and focuseson the characters as they have aconversation.
Close-up Close-ups are intimate shots and concentrate on the face of the character or a specific detail on something. They allow the audience to see the emotions and the importance of things.This is also a good example of a close-up. It allows us to see how angry andhelpless she is.
ECU Extreme close-ups are very intimate shots that show extreme emotion like the anger in a character’s eye. These shots are used for dramatic effect.This is a close-up of Marion Crane’sdead eye in Psycho. It creates tensionand adds to the dramatic effect.
Bird’s eye view This is an attempted bird’s eye view shot. These shots are usually from the sky and show the scene from a direct overhead view. They can make characters look very insignificant. It is an unnatural shot and confuse the audience as objects become harder to distinguish at first.
Worm’s eye view Worm’s eye shots are often used as point of view shots. This makes the dominant character look huge and powerful and helps the audience empathise with the character on the floor.