was/wereAm/is (present): was(past)I am tired.(now) I was tired last nightWhere is luis?(now) where was luis yesterdayThe weather is nice today the westher was nice last weekAre(present): were(past)You are late (now) you were late yesterdayThey aren’t here (now they weren’t here last sunday
Positive negative questionI I I?he he was not he?she was she (whasn’t) was she?it it it?We we we?You were you were not were you?They they (weren’t) they?
Examples: Last year amy was 22, so she’s 23 now When I was a child, Iwas afraid of dogs. We were hungry after the trip, but we weren’t tired. The hotel was comfortable, but it wasn’t expensive. Was the weather nice. When you were on vacation? Those shoes are nice. Were they expensive? Why were you late this morning?.
Short answersYes, I/he/she/it was were/you/they wereNo, I/he/she/it wasn’t were/you/they weren’t
Examples: Were you late? “No, I wasn’t.” Was Scott at work yesterday.? “Yes, he was.” Were Amy and Matt at the party.? “No, they weren’t”
Simple Past: worked,got,went,ectThe simple past is often –ed (regular verbs).For example: Work worked trabajar They worked in the office yesterday
We used did in simple past, negative, and questions Base form Positive play I played star we started watch you watched have they had see he saw do she did go it went
NEGATIVE I play you start he did not watch she have it (didn’t) see we dothey go
QUESTIONS I play ? You start ? He watch ?did She have ? It see ? We do ? they go ?
Do / does (present) did (past)I don’t watch television very oftenI didn’t watch television yesterday. (past) Does she go out often? Did she go out last night? (past)
We use did / didn’t + base form (watch/play/go,etc.)Positive NegativeI warched I didn’t watch (not I didn’t watched)He had he didn’t haveThey went did they go? (not did they went?)You did did you do ?I played tennis yesterday, but I didn’t win.Did oyu do your homework? No,I didn’t have time.We went to the movies, but we didn’t enjoy the film.
Study the word order in questions: did + subject + base form Did your sister call you ?What did you do last night ?How did the accident happen?Where did you parents go for vacation?
I/we/you/theyYes, did. he/she/it I/ we/you/theyNo, didn’t he/she/itExamples:Did you see Joe yesteday? No, I didn’t.Did it rain on Sunday? Yes, it did.Did Helen come to the party? No, she didn’t.