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T4 e6 ribatallada


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T4 e6 ribatallada

  2. 2. Salvador Domingo Feli-pe Jacinto Dalí i Domè-nech, Marquis of Dalíde Púbol (May 11, 1904– January 23, 1989),commonly known asSalvador Dalí was aprominent Spanish Ca-talan surrealist painterborn in Figueres.Dalí was a skilled drafts-man, best known for my passion for luxurythe striking and bizarre and my love of orientalimages in his surrealist clothes to a self-styledwork. His painterly ski- “Arab lineage,” claiminglls are often attributed that his ancestors wereto the influence of Re- descended from the Mo-naissance masters. His work, The Dalí was highly imagi-Persistence of Memory, native, and also had anwas completed in 1931. affinity for partaking inDalí’s expansive artistic unusual and grandioserepertoire includes film, behavior. His eccentricsculpture, and photogra- manner and attention-phy, in collaboration with grabbing public actionsa range of artists in a sometimes drew morevariety of media. attention than his art-Dalí attributed his “love work to the dismay ofof everything that is those who held his workgilded and excessive, in high esteem and to 2
  3. 3. and to the irritation ofhis critics.Early lifeSalvador DoménecFelip Jacint Dalí i Do-mènech was born onMay 11, 1904 at 8:45a.m. in the town ofFigueres, in the Em-pordà region, closeto the French borderin Catalonia, Spain.Dalí’s older brother,also named Salva-dor (born October 12,1901), had died ofgastroenteritis ninemonths earlier, onAugust 1, 1903. Hisfather, Salvador Dalíi Cusí, was a middle-class lawyer and no-tary whose strict disci- his brother’s grave andplinary approach was told by his parents that hetempered by his wife, was his brother’s reincar-Felipa Domenech Fe- nation, a concept whichrrés, who encouraged he came to believe.Of hisher son’s artistic en- brother, Dalí said, “... re-deavors. When he was sembled each other likefive, Dalí was taken to two drops of water, but 3
  4. 4. we had different reflec- nized an exhibition oftions. He “was probably his charcoal drawingsa first version of myself in their family home. Hebut conceived too much had his first public exhi-in the absolute.” bition at the MunicipalDalí also had a sister, Theater in Figueres inAna María, who was 1919.three years younger. In In February 1921, Dalí’s1949, she published a mother died of breastbook about her brother, cancer. Dalí was sixteenDalí As Seen By His years old; he later saidSister. His childhood his mother’s death “wasfriends included future the greatest blow I hadFC Barcelona footba- experienced in my life. Illers Sagibarba and worshipped her... I couldJosep Samitier. During not resign myself to theholidays at the Catalan loss of a being on whomresort of Cadaqués, the I counted to make invisi-trio played football toge-ther.Dalí attended drawingschool. In 1916, Dalíalso discovered modernpainting on a summervacation trip to Cada-qués with the family ofRamon Pichot, a localartist who made regulartrips to Paris. The nextyear, Dalí’s father orga- 4
  5. 5. ble the unavoidable ble- Wild-eyed antics of Dalímishes of my soul.”After (left) and fellow surrea-her death, Dalí’s father list artist Man Ray inmarried his deceased Paris on June 16, 1934,wife’s sister. Dalí did not photographed by Carlresent this marriage, Van Vechten.because he had a great In 1922, Dalí movedlove and respect for his into the Residencia deaunt. Estudiantes (Students’Madrid and Paris Residence) in Madrid and studied at the Aca- 5
  6. 6. demia de San Fernando with Lorca had a strong(School of Fine Arts). A element of mutual pas-lean 1.72 m (5 ft. 7¾ in.) sion, but Dalí rejectedtall, Dalí already drew the poet’s sexual advan-attention as an eccen- ces.tric and dandy man. He However, it was hiswore long hair and side- paintings, in which heburns, coat, stockings, experimented with Cu-and knee breeches in bism, that earned himthe style of English aes- the most attention fromthetes of the late 19th his fellow students. Atcentury. the time of these earlyAt the Residencia, he works, Dalí probably didbecame close friends not completely unders-with (among others) Pe- tand the Cubist move-pín Bello, Luis Buñuel, ment. His only informa-and Federico García tion on Cubist art cameLorca. The friendship from magazine articles 6
  7. 7. and a catalog given to work throughout his life.him by Pichot, since the-re were no Cubist artists Dalí was expelled fromin Madrid at the time. In the Academia in 1926,1924, the still-unknown shortly before his finalSalvador Dalí illustrated exams, when he sta-a book for the first time. ted that no one on theIt was a publication of faculty was competentthe Catalan poem “Les enough to examine him.bruixes de Llers” (“The His mastery of paintingWitches of Llers”) by his skills was evidencedfriend and schoolmate, by his realistic Basketpoet Carles Fages de of Bread, painted inCliment. Dalí also ex- 1926. That same year,perimented with Dada, he made his first visitwhich influenced his to Paris, where he met 7
  8. 8. with Pablo Picasso, in Barcelona attractedwhom the young Dalí much attention alongrevered. Picasso had with mixtures of prai-already heard favorable se and puzzled debatereports about Dalí from from critics.Joan Miró. As he deve- Dalí grew a flamboyantloped his own style over moustache, influencedthe next few years, Dalí by seventeenth-centurymade a number of wor- Spanish master painterks heavily influenced by Diego Velázquez. ThePicasso and Miró. moustache became anSome trends in Dalí’s iconic trademark of hiswork that would conti- appearance for the restnue throughout his life of his life.were already evident inthe 1920s.Exhibitions of his works 8