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  1. 1. Nicaragua Coat of arms of Nicaragua   
  2. 2. Location Nicaragua is a country in Central America Itself That calls an independent state, free, sovereign and unitary. The Nicaraguan people are multi-ethnic and integral part of the Central American nation. The country is located between the Pacific Ocean to the west and the Caribbean Sea to the east. It borders Honduras to the north and Costa Rica to the south.   
  3. 3. History The origin of the name of Nicaragua is not entirely clear, and still divides historians and scholars of language. One version comesfrom the Nahuatl nic-Anahuac, another version, considered a voice coming from maya. There is also, among others, the most widespread version but also the least supported by experts,according to which the name "Nicaragua" is derived from the name of Nicarao, who was allegedly the leader of the indigenous population who received the first conquerors Spanish on theshores of Lake Cocibolca current, Granada or Great Lake, which Gil Gonzalez Davila called "freshwater Sea".    
  4. 4. independence from Spain.Nicaragua was part of the Spanish Captaincy General ofGuatemala, which included the territory from Costa Rica to the current Chiapas, Mexicos Yucatan Peninsula. In South America, and for a period in Mexico, mestizos and American creoles started bloody wars against thecrown to achieve independence. But in Central America the situation was differen.   
  5. 5. Geopraphy and climateNicaragua occupies a landmass of 130,967 km2 (50,567 sq mi), comparable to that of Greece or the state of Alabama. It lies between latitudes 10° and 15°N, and longitudes 82° and 88°W. Nearly one fifth of the territory is designated as protected areas like national parks, nature reserves, and biological reserves. The country is bordered by Honduras to the north, theCaribbean to the east, Costa Rica to the south, and the Pacific Ocean to the west. Geophysically, Nicaragua is surrounded by the Caribbean Plate, an oceanic tectonic plate underlying CentralAmerica and the Cocos Plate. Since Central America is a major subduction zone, Nicaragua hosts most of the Central American Volcanic Arc. Nicaragua has three distinct geographical regions: the Pacific lowlands, fertile valleys which theSpanish colonists settled, the Amerrisque Mountains (North-central highlands), and the Mosquito Coast (Atlantic lowlands). The low plains of the Atlantic Coast are 60 miles wide in areas. They have long been exploited for their natural resources..    
  6. 6. fauna In the country are located most species of Nearcticand Neotropical regions, with the exception of high- latitude species. These factors along with the climate and altitude slight variations allow the country home to 248 species of amphibians and reptiles, 183 species of mammals, 705 species of birds, 640 species of fish. All these species are distributed in different biomes of the country: rain shadow tolerating, tropófilas forests, coniferous forests, savannas and shrublands.   
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  8. 8. Flora In general the fauna that makes the rain shadow tolerating the country are the jaguar, tapir, various types of monkeys, scarlet macaw, quetzal, harpy eagles, snakes and crocodiles. The forest tropófila occurs in the Pacific and some points north and the Caribbean country. In these forests there is a dry season during the winter, however much rain during the wet season. These forests are home to pumas, deer, monkeys and several species of reptiles. The tropical forest of conifers occurs in the RAAN. It is characterized by the presence of various trees typical of the Nearctic, such as pine. There are also some species of mammals such as deer and coyotes.Savannas occur across the country and the vegetation varies by region. Thus in the RAAN is covered with pine savannas and savannas there Rivas species from the forests. The fauna of the savannas include deer, coyotes and peccaries, but most of the country savannas have been converted to cropland and pasture.   
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  10. 10. Fauna and Flora Selva umbrófila Agalychnis callidryas Cebus capucinusEumomota superciliosa Hibiscus sabdariffa Jaguar    
  11. 11. typical currency of Nicaragua The cordoba currency was marketed as the March 20, 1912 that Nicaraguan weight replacement the cordoba was named in commemorationof the last name of the Spanish conquistador, a native of Cordoba, Captain FranciscoHernandez de Cordoba, founder of the citiesof Santiago de Granada and León Santiago de los Caballeros. Santiago de Managua is the capital of Nicaragua.   
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  13. 13. Places of Nicaragua if you travel to Nicaragua pordras encontras marivillos places to visitras as of the following:                       Granada                       San Juan Del Sur                       Volcan masaya                        Islas del maiz                        Isla de ometepe                         Volcan cerro negro  
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  15. 15. lenguage The official language of Nicaragua is Spanish. One of the highlights of the Nicaraguan Castilian is the aspiration of / s / post vowel as in many regions of Spain and Spanish America.Also in Nicaragua, as in Argentina, Colombia, Costa Rica, Paraguay, and Uruguay vos is used, and as in the River Plate region, the use of the pronoun "you" is part of the educated norm. Due to British colonization of the Atlantic Coast, English is common language by native and Miskito, Rama and most, although due to the multirrelación United States and its influence on the lifestyle of Nicaragua, is very common to find people bilingual in the major cities of Managua, Leon, Granada and San Juan del Sur, also as part of the opening to tourism at these sites.   
  16. 16. typical food   
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