Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Joseph Campbell Hero And Quest


Published on

A short ppt used to supplement course materials on Joseph Campbell's Hero and the Quest.

Published in: Business, Education
  • Be the first to comment

Joseph Campbell Hero And Quest

  1. 1. “ Joseph Campbell’s Monomyth: Hero with a Thousand Faces By Dr. L. Nicosia
  2. 2. Based on the pattern of : <ul><li>Separation </li></ul><ul><li>Initiation </li></ul><ul><li>Return </li></ul>
  3. 3. Separation: <ul><li>The Call to Adventure </li></ul><ul><li>Refusal of the Call </li></ul><ul><li>Supernatural Intervention </li></ul><ul><li>Crossing the first threshold </li></ul>
  4. 4. Initiation: <ul><li>The Road of Trials </li></ul><ul><li>Meeting with the Goddess/Witch </li></ul><ul><li>Temptation </li></ul><ul><li>Atonement with Father </li></ul><ul><li>Apotheosis </li></ul><ul><li>The Boon </li></ul>
  5. 5. The Hero returns
  6. 6. Upon His Return He Faces: <ul><li>A fallen homeland </li></ul><ul><li>A land in disarray </li></ul><ul><li>A trap </li></ul><ul><li> OR </li></ul><ul><li>A warm welcome as savior </li></ul>
  7. 7. Campbell identifies the hero’s journey with even more specificity…
  8. 8. Stages of the Hero’s Journey: <ul><li>Birth with fabulous circumstances </li></ul><ul><li>Call to adventure </li></ul><ul><li>Helper/Amulet (wizard, dwarf, fairy godmother) </li></ul><ul><li>Crossing the threshold (The Ordeal) </li></ul>
  9. 9. And then… <ul><li>The Test —violent encounters with monsters, sorcerers, warriors or forces of nature </li></ul><ul><li>Helpers assist in the tests and serve as loyal companions. </li></ul><ul><li>The final battle facilitates resolution </li></ul>
  10. 10. There’s still more… <ul><li>The Flight </li></ul><ul><li>The Return (awakening, rebirth, resurrection or emergence from a cave or forest) </li></ul><ul><li>The Elixir (may be a restorative or healer, but may also define the hero’s role in society) </li></ul><ul><li>Home </li></ul>
  11. 11. These characters tussle with critical moral and ethical dilemmas: <ul><li>They struggle with their own human flaws and weaknesses (Hamartia?) </li></ul><ul><li>They confront external obstacles and injustices (successfully or not) </li></ul><ul><li>They learn to navigate power structures (or capitulate to the hegemony) </li></ul>
  12. 12. Through their struggles,they teach us about who we are and who we wish to be (or not to be).
  13. 13. What is YOUR definition of a Hero?
  14. 14. What is the classical definition of a Hero as per Aristotle? <ul><li>Protagonist of high standing </li></ul><ul><li>Hamartia </li></ul><ul><li>Downfall/Reversal of fortune as a result of hamartia </li></ul><ul><li>Catharsis </li></ul><ul><li>Epiphany </li></ul><ul><li>Death </li></ul>
  15. 15. Are they Heroes, today, according to Arthur Miller? <ul><ul><li>Protagonist may be a “Common Man” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Protagonist has a flaw or makes a mistake/misstep </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Experiences a reversal of fortune </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Audience experiences a purgation of emotion (catharsis) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Protagonist may experience a literal OR a figurative “death” </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Tragedy and the Common Man <ul><li>You can access Arthur Miller’s essay through “External Links” on our Blackboard site or at this address directly: </li></ul><ul><li><> </li></ul>
  17. 17. As we read through these Great Books this semester: <ul><li>We will question whether the Hero, his/her quest and his/her ideals are still valid and useful in today’s world. </li></ul><ul><li>We will search for commonalities between the texts of the ancients and our contemporary literatures of today. </li></ul>
  18. 18. The End… Or, is it just the beginning? L. Nicosia 2006