23 May 2013Security Sector in AustraliaWhat’s in it for the UK?
2Objectives• Give an overview of the Australian securityenvironment and regulations• Illustrate major threats and areas of concern• Illustrate 4 main sectors that matchAustralian need to UK capability:• Border security• Disaster relief• Terrorism/civil disorder• Cyber crime• Highlight opportunities for BritishcompaniesPresented byRichard HarperSenior Trade ManagerUK Trade & InvestmentAustralia
• Australia is an island continent andthe worlds sixth largest country(7,682,300 sq km)• the country is approximately4,000 km from east to west and3,200 km from north to south.• 40 % of the total coastline lengthcomprises island coastlines witha coastline 36,735 km long.• 20 % desertAn Overview of Australia: Facts andFigures3
• Australia has six states: New SouthWales, Queensland, South Australia,Tasmania, Victoria, and WesternAustralia; and two major mainlandterritories: the Northern Territory andthe Australian Capital Territory (ACT)which are self-governing territorieswith powers almost matching those ofthe states.An Overview of Australia: Facts andFigures4
• Australias estimated residentpopulation (ERP) at 30 December2012 was 22.3 million. The mostpopulous states are New SouthWales and Victoria, with theirrespective capitals, Sydney andMelbourne, the largest cities inAustralia.An Overview of Australia: Facts andFigures5
•Natural Disaster Response•Terrorist Response•Border Related Crimes•Cyber SecuritySecurity Sector in Australia:Four Main Concerns
8Security Sector in Australia – DisasterResponseHAZARDSHazards—sources ofpotential harm orsituations with a potentialto cause loss. Many ofthese hazards are oftentermed ‘natural hazards’and include floods,cyclones, earthquakes,heatwaves, windstormsand bushfires
9•Often seasonal and regional. Theyare frequently unpredictable and canoccur almost anytime and anywherebut it is a case of when, not if!•Others are frequently identified as‘technological hazards’, includingbuilding fires, explosions,transportation incidents, toxicmaterials releases and the like.•There are other sources of hazardwith which we may be less familiar.These include hazards of chemical,biological and radiological origin,including human and animal disease.Security Sector in Australia – DisasterResponseHAZARDS
10“Natural hazards are a constant threat that every Australian has to live with”Australian government, Geoscience Australia• Natural disasters have alwaysbeen a main concern forAustralians . Recent events andfuture scenarios, possiblyassociated with climate change,show that it is a threat that iscontemporary and omnipresent.• In Australia alone, billions ofdollars have been spent intrying to mitigate or prevent,prepare for, respond to andrecover from natural disasters.Disaster Response - Facts and Figures
11During the last two yearsnatural disasters claimed 65lives and costed more than7,5 Billion dollars.Natural disaster: 2010-2012 balance
13- There were 188security-regulatedairports in Australia atthe end of 2011, with27 internationalairports across thecountry.An Overview of Australian Border Security:Facts and Figures
14In 2011 the totalflight passengermovementsacross Australiawas 134,609,617An Overview of Australia Border Security:Facts and Figures
• Australia has more than 67ports throughout its coastline.• In 2011, there were over 27434 calls to Australian ports bycontainerships bulk carriers,cargo vessels and other vessels.An Overview of Australia Border Security:Facts and Figures
• By May 2010 the AustralianAuthorities confiscated almost 1700kg of illegal substances during nearly4000 seizures.• The huge number of air and seamovements, combined with a hugecoastline, contribute to make theillegal entry of drugs, firearms andimmigrants a continuing and majorproblem.• In particular, firearms are stronglyrelated to gang related crimes.Border Security: Drugs, firearms and otherillegal imports
« The security challenges forAustralia will not diminish in thenear term. Australia will continueto face a persistent threat ofterrorism, espionage, foreigninterference, including cybersecurity threats. At present, thepotential for a terrorist attack inAustralia is feasible and couldwell occur »Security Challenges: ASIO Assessment(Australian Security Intelligence Organisation)
Jihadist terrorism remains the most immediate threat,however, the Australian government officially list 17terrorist organisations•Abu Sayyaf Group - Al-Qaida (AQ)•Al-Qaida in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP)•Al-Qa’ida in Iraq (AQI) - Al-Qa’ida in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM)•Al-Shabaab - Ansar al-Islam•Hamas’s Izz al-Din al-Qassam Brigades•Hizballah External Security Organisation•Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan•Jaish-e-Mohammed (JeM)•Jamiat ul-Ansar•Jemaah Islamiyah (JI)•Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK)•Lashkar-e Jhangvi (LeJ)•Lashkar-e-Tayyiba•Palestinian Islamic JihadCounter-Terrorism: list of organisations
•Almost 40 motorcycle clubs linked tocriminal activities in Australia describethemselves as “outlaw motorcyclegangs” (OMCGs).•The most recent assessment ofOMCGs identified that there arecurrently 39 OMCGs operating inAustralia, with the number of “patched”members as high as 4000.•However, this is only one of thedifferent crime organisations inAustralia as for example transnationalorganisations.Organized Crime“Bikie” gangs and more…
To face thisincreasing threat, in November2009 the AustralianGovernment launched theOrganised Crime StrategicFramework in order to ensureCommonwealth agencies areworking together to prevent,disrupt, investigate andprosecute organised crime.Security Sector in AustraliaNew initiatives
Fighting weapons traffickingFirearms legislation in AustraliaThe Port Arthur massacre, with the death of 35 people,led to the introduction of stringent firearms legislationwhich has been hailed as a ‘blueprint’ for firearmslegislation - but has failed to eradicate ‘gun crime’.The Commonwealth government regulates the importand export of firearms. State and Territory governmentsregulate ownership, possession and sale of firearms...but illegal firearms continue to enter the country inalarming numbers. Police attribute recent shooting‘epidemic‘ to a complex mix of groups behind theconstant string of drive-by and targeted shootingsincluding bikie turf wars, drug-related disputes,organised crime gangs, tit-for-tat revenge - and someincident perpetrated by, to quote police sources ‘justidiots and copycats.”Prime Minister Julia Gillard has signalled possibleFederal Government action to crack down on gunviolence and has asked for options to address thisviolence and to explore the limits of the FederalGovernments legal and constitutional responsibilities inthis area.
In 2012, 5.4 million Australians werevictims of cyber crime with anestimated cost to the economy of$1.65 billion.Malicious cyber activity was identifiedas one of the key national securityrisks in Australia’s National SecurityStrategy.In 2011-12, there were more than 400cyber incidents against governmentsystems requiring a significantresponse by the Cyber SecurityOperations Centre.Cyber crime in Australia
A new Australian Cyber SecurityCentre (ACSC) drawing on the skillsof the nation’s best cyber securityexperts will be established inCanberra this year.The ACSC will include, in one place,cyber security operational capabilitiesfrom the Defence Signals Directorate,Defence Intelligence Organisation,Australian Security IntelligenceOrganisation, the Attorney-General’sDepartment’s Computer EmergencyResponse Team Australia, AustralianFederal Police and the AustralianCrime Commission.Cyber crime in Australia
The centre will analyse the nature andextent of cyber threats, and lead theGovernment’s response to cyberincidents.It will work closely with criticalinfrastructure sectors and industrypartners to protect valuable networksand systems.The centre will also provide adviceand support to develop preventativestrategies to counter cyber threats.Cyber crime in Australia
• Although there are central agenciesfor police services and disasterresponse( Australian Federal Policeand Australian emergencymanagement agency), StateParliaments retain legislativepowers in this areas and most of thework is performed by State agencies.• Defence, Customs and Borderprotection are, however, coordinatedby the Australian government.Australian Agencies
Each government has a wideautonomy when dealing withemergency management,therefore the responsibility canbe shared between severalbodies.Australian Agencies
28• The use of private labour force in crime prevention and law enforcement hasoutnumbered police by more than two to one. In 2011 the total number ofsecurity operators was approximately of 114,600 ‘licensees’.• In particular, private investigators currently number about 25,000 (or about halfof the national police force).• There is, however, a particular interest from the government for a nationalconsistency in the range of licenses available to security personnel and securityfirms.Security in Australia: Public and Privatesector
29• Although still dominated by the government, the defence and security sector inAustralia is becoming increasingly connected with the private sector.• A general decline in reported burglary, robbery and other theft.• Increase in ‘Gun Crime’.• investment in security and preventative measures.• A climate of heightened global fear of terrorism, increasing internet usage andaccompanying cyber-crime, demand for security and investigative services isrising.• An increasing potential for public-private partnerships in a variety of areas suchas prisons management, border security surveillance and mass gatheringevents security.Security Sector in Australia
30• Training- Cooperation with Governmental agencies- Private sector training courses• High Technology expertise- Surveillance- Cyber Security- Natural Hazard response- Critical Buildings Resilience Technology• Consulting• Anti- Terrorism response capabilities- NBC threats and pandemics medical supplies- High tech equipment• Specialised kitSecurity Sector in AustraliaWhat’s in it for the UK?
OMIS service:•Industry specific sector report.•In-depth report with a bespoke sectiontailored to a specific sector withcontacts in core areas•Product Launch•Commercial publicityHow can UKTI help?
32What next?• Ask questions at the end of this or followthe conversation on LinkedIn• Keep in touch with the latest Australianbusiness opportunities• Attend our industry specific webinars• Follow us on twitter @uktiaustralia• Get in touch with meRichard.Harper@fco.gov.uk32