Digestive System
Nutrition :  Is the process of acquiring and processing nutrients into a body usable form. <ul><li>Nutrients : Substances ...
Nutrients Fruits and vegetables Bone and teeth development Minerals Fruits and vegetables Help to regulate body functions ...
Lipids <ul><li>Molecules that contain long chain of carbon atoms </li></ul><ul><li>Insoluble in water </li></ul><ul><li>Ph...
<ul><li>Carbohydrate : mostly sugars, pasta </li></ul><ul><li>Protein : Group of amino acids used to synthesize new cells ...
<ul><li>Classwork: </li></ul><ul><li>In your notebook do a chart including the specific mineral, its function and the risk...
Ingestion Digestion Process of physically and chemically breaking down food. Process of getting the food into the digestiv...
Digestive Process <ul><li>Ingestion </li></ul><ul><li>Mechanical Breakdown </li></ul><ul><li>Chemical Breakdown </li></ul>...
Mechanical breakdown:  The food is physically broken down into smaller pieces by the teeth.   Chemical breakdown :   Enzym...
<ul><li>Absorption : the small subunits are transported out of the digestive cavity into cells. </li></ul><ul><li>Eliminat...
Human Digestive System Pharynx esophagus liver gallbladder ascending colon (large intestine) Rectum descending colon (larg...
fill the following chart . gallbladder Pancreas Liver Rectum Large intestine (Colon) Small intestine Stomach Esophagus Pha...
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Digestive System

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Describes the digestion process, nutrients and the main organs from digestive system

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Digestive System

  1. 1. Digestive System
  2. 2. Nutrition : Is the process of acquiring and processing nutrients into a body usable form. <ul><li>Nutrients : Substances that provide the body with its basic needs, including energy and raw materials to synthesize the molecules of life. </li></ul><ul><li>Carbohydrates </li></ul><ul><li>Proteins </li></ul><ul><li>Lipids </li></ul><ul><li>Vitamins </li></ul><ul><li>Minerals </li></ul>calorie : Amount of energy required to raise the temperature of 1 gr of a substance 1 °C. 1Kcal= 1 food-Calorie (Calorie)
  3. 3. Nutrients Fruits and vegetables Bone and teeth development Minerals Fruits and vegetables Help to regulate body functions Vitamins Meat, milk, eggs, nuts, soy 4 Kcal Synthesize new cells: tissues, muscles, membranes Proteins Milk, cheese, butter, cream, meat 9 Kcal -concentrated energy -Hormones -membranes Lipids: - Phospholipids - Triglycerides - Cholesterol Cereals, fruits, flours 4 Kcal Provide immediate energy Carbohydrates Food that contain them Calories/ gram Function Nutrient
  4. 4. Lipids <ul><li>Molecules that contain long chain of carbon atoms </li></ul><ul><li>Insoluble in water </li></ul><ul><li>Phospholipids : components of all cellular membranes </li></ul><ul><li>Triglycerides (fats) : used as a source of energy </li></ul><ul><li>Cholesterol : used in the synthesis of cellular membranes, sex hormones and bile </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Carbohydrate : mostly sugars, pasta </li></ul><ul><li>Protein : Group of amino acids used to synthesize new cells </li></ul><ul><li>Amino acid : subunit of which proteins are made. </li></ul><ul><li>Vitamin : should be in small amount in the body. Not generated by the body, mostly gotten from food. </li></ul><ul><li>Mineral : also in small amount, taken from food, water. </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Classwork: </li></ul><ul><li>In your notebook do a chart including the specific mineral, its function and the risk if not consuming it. </li></ul>Potassium Phosphorus <ul><li>Osteoporosis </li></ul><ul><li>stunted growth </li></ul><ul><li>convulsions </li></ul><ul><li>Bone and tooth formation </li></ul><ul><li>Blood clotting </li></ul><ul><li>nerve impulse transmission </li></ul>Calcium
  7. 7. Ingestion Digestion Process of physically and chemically breaking down food. Process of getting the food into the digestive system through the mouth Digestive Process
  8. 8. Digestive Process <ul><li>Ingestion </li></ul><ul><li>Mechanical Breakdown </li></ul><ul><li>Chemical Breakdown </li></ul><ul><li>Absorption </li></ul><ul><li>Elimination </li></ul>
  9. 9. Mechanical breakdown: The food is physically broken down into smaller pieces by the teeth. Chemical breakdown : Enzymes and digestive fluids break down small pieces of food intro smaller subunits. digestion glucose amino acids lipids
  10. 10. <ul><li>Absorption : the small subunits are transported out of the digestive cavity into cells. </li></ul><ul><li>Elimination : indigestible materials are expelled from the body </li></ul>
  11. 11. Human Digestive System Pharynx esophagus liver gallbladder ascending colon (large intestine) Rectum descending colon (large intestine) pancreas stomach small intestine Salivary glands
  12. 12. fill the following chart . gallbladder Pancreas Liver Rectum Large intestine (Colon) Small intestine Stomach Esophagus Pharynx Function Organ

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