Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

P iaget

3,079 views

Published on

Published in: Technology, Spiritual
  • Be the first to comment

P iaget

  1. 1. BACKGROUND JEAN PIAGET
  2. 2. Jean Piaget • Father of PSYCHOLOGY • Began at age 11 - paper on albino sparrow • Wrote 60 books and over 100 articles • His last 60 years - research on mental development. • Brought forth the theory of how intelligence works
  3. 3. • Thought of as a child psychologist and educator • Prefers to be called genetic epistemologist • Contributed in field of computer science and AI; were used to develop LOGO • Most important contribution: Theory of Cognitive Development Jean Piaget
  4. 4. "The principle goal of education in the schools should be creating men and women who are capable of doing new things, not simply repeating what other generations have done.” – Jean Piaget
  5. 5. THEORY OF COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT JEAN PIAGET
  6. 6. Theory of Cognitive Development • humans cannot be "given" information; must “construct” own knowledge • Build knowledge through EXPERIENCE • Schema - mental models - made sophisticated through assimilation and accommodation
  7. 7. FOUR STAGES JEAN PIAGET
  8. 8. The Sensorimotor Stage (Birth to 2 years old) • behavior is primarily sensory and motor • recognizes self as agent of action and begins to act intentionally • achieves object permanence
  9. 9. Stage Approximate Age Level of Schemes Object Knowledge Motor Development I 0 – 1 Reflexes None None II 1 – 4 Primary circular reactions Spontaneous movements Repeated for the sake of bodily satisfaction e.g., thumb – sucking Objects are images linked to the infant’s activities Holding head up, smiling III 4 – 8 Secondary circular reactions Making interesting sights last Beginnings of intentional activity Search for partially hidden objects Sitting up 6 Periods
  10. 10. Stage Approximate Age Level of Schemes Object Knowledge Motor Development IV 8 – 12 Coordination of schemes Putting together schemes used separately in the past e.g., coordination of cover removal and grasping, goal oriented Search for fully hidden objects A-not-B error Sitting up V 12 – 18 Tertiary circular reactions Inventing new means Cannot take account of invisible displacements Crawling VI 18 – 24 Mental representation Insight Full object permanence Walking Brings about detour problems 6 Periods
  11. 11. The Preoperational Stage (ages 2 to 4) • need of concrete physical situations • objects classified in simple ways especially by important features. • thinking is still egocentric
  12. 12. • As physical experience accumulates, accommodation is increased • Can think logically about objects and events • Achieves conservation of number (age 6), mass (age 7), and weight (age 9) • Classifies objects according to several features such as size. The Concrete Operational Stage (ages 7 to 11)
  13. 13. • Cognition reaches its final form • capable of deductive and hypothetical reasoning • Can think logically about abstract propositions and test hypotheses systematically. • Becomes concerned with the hypothetical, the future, and ideological problems. The Formal Operational Stage (ages 11 to 15)
  14. 14. KEY PIAGETIAN PRINCIPLES JEAN PIAGET
  15. 15. How is information presented? Learning is an active process
  16. 16. Learning should be whole, authentic, and "real" How is meaning constructed?

×