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Gerunds And Infinitives


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Gerunds And Infinitives

  2. 2. Base form Vs Gerund Vs Infinitive <ul><li>Base Form: Infinitive without TO </li></ul><ul><li>SHARE </li></ul><ul><li>Infinitive: always with TO </li></ul><ul><li>TO SHARE </li></ul><ul><li>Gerund: Base form+ING </li></ul><ul><ul><li>SHARING </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. BASE FORM <ul><li>After some perception verbs such as HEAR, FEEL or SEE and the verbs LET and MAKE: </li></ul>I saw you leave home. My parents don’t let me stay out late
  4. 4. GERUNDS <ul><li>As a subject of a sentence: </li></ul><ul><li>After prepositions: </li></ul>Smoking kills. I thought of calling you, but it was late. After having lunch, they go to school.
  5. 5. GERUNDS <ul><li>As a Direct Object of certain verbs: </li></ul><ul><li>After certain expressions: </li></ul>Continue Miss Enjoy Prefer Finish Recommend Like/dislike Suggest Love/hate Can’t help Look forward to Can’t stand Spend (time) Feel like Don’t mind It’s no use Would mind Be/Get used to
  6. 6. INFINITIVES <ul><li>As a subject of a sentence (when we talk about a specific fact) </li></ul><ul><li>After some verbs: </li></ul>To smoke now would be rude. Agree Learn Appear/seem Manage Choose Plan Decide Promise Expect Refuse Hope Want/wish
  7. 7. INFINITIVES <ul><li>After certain adjectives and adverbs: </li></ul><ul><li>After Indirect Object of certain verbs: </li></ul>Busy Happy Ready Tired Slowly Fast Low High Advise Teach Invite Persuade Tell Warn
  8. 8. VERBS FOLLOWED BY BOTH <ul><li>Without change in meaning: </li></ul><ul><li>With change in meaning: </li></ul>Begin Propose Forbid Intend Start Stop Remeber Forget Regret
  9. 9. STOP <ul><li>STOP + GERUND: </li></ul><ul><li>To leave an habit </li></ul><ul><li>STOP + INFINITIVE: </li></ul><ul><li>To interrupt an action for doing something else </li></ul>You should stop smoking, it will kill you! Let’s stop here to have a drink!
  10. 10. REMEMBER <ul><li>REMEMBER + GERUND: </li></ul><ul><li>It refers to something done in the past </li></ul><ul><li>REMEMBER + INFINITIVE: </li></ul><ul><li>It refers to the future. We use it when we want to say sth immportant to somenone. </li></ul>I don’t remeber locking the door! You should remember to call Mr Jones to put off the meeting.
  11. 11. REGRET <ul><li>REGRET + GERUND: </li></ul><ul><li>To regret something from the past. </li></ul><ul><li>REGRET + INFINITIVE: </li></ul><ul><li>To make bad news public. </li></ul>She regrets breaking up with him. I regret to tell you that we don’t have any vacancy to be filled.
  12. 12. FORGET <ul><li>FORGET + GERUND: </li></ul><ul><li>To express that we’ve forgotten something which was done in the past. </li></ul><ul><li>FORGET + INFINITIVE: </li></ul><ul><li>To forget doing something. </li></ul>I forgot talking to you! (you talked, but you don’t remember) I forgot to call you on your birthday. (you didn’t call, so you didn’t remember)