Purpose (opening sequence)The purpose of this opening sequence is: 1. To captivate the audiences attention. In ‘U Turn’ the 3. To pull the audience in audience is faced with and introduce them to the many enigmas character and settings in through the restricted the film. narrative. 2. To introduce this linear film as a medium pace and make the audience wonder what will be happening next.
Purpose Crime Drama Thriller• Fast pace • Emotion • Creates fear• Keep audience • Thoughts • Suspense in a suspense • In tense • Enigmas• Tension • Entertain • Guessing game• Draws interest • of ‘who did it’ • Cause interaction with others • Anticipation
Diegesis• Diegetic:- Lorry drives past- Vultures eating dead wolf- Empty road ahead of him The world within the narrative of the film.
Diegesis• Non-diegetic:- Text on screen- Film title These are not part of the diegetic world within the film. The characters cannot see or hear these elements.
Continuity Editing: Match On Action Multiple shots show one continuous action. This action is continued inThe character turns the the next shot.dial on the radio.
Continuity Editing: Eye-line Match Shot A: Shows the character looking at something off- screen.Following shotthat shows whatthe character islooking at. Shot B: shows the character looking at the road signs.
Continuity Editing: Insert shot Close-up: the character turns the dial on the radio. (master shot) Insert shot: the dial changing.A shot as part of ascene, filmed froma different angle orfocal point fromthe master shot.
Continuity ErrorThere are two vulturesin this shot. In the next shot, there is only one vulture.
Pace• Mid Paced However, the opening sequence• Average number of shots used also uses fast• To make normal and comfortable pace. These shots all happen in a• matter of seconds, one after To show realism the other, creating a sense of anxiety as to what will happen.
TimeStory time: there isnt a settime shown, but could be Time Allocation:between minutes and • The man in the openinghours. sequence (presumably theDiscourse time: 04:06 main character) has the most screen time. • Shows his importance in the film. • (He is the only human character seen within the opening sequence.)
Transitions• Straight cutting: shows realism This shot cuts to the next shot Which straight cuts to the next
Special Effects• Colour- Black and white (Often used to show a memory or time period)
SoundTyre bursts and engine Cat meowsexhaust fumes comes out - Lorry passing by Music from the radio
Narrative Theory: BarthesBarthes theory of codes encourages the audience toseek answers and clues to make them anticipateoutcomes. Identified by these codes: • Enigma Code • Action Code • Semantic Code • Symbolic Code • Cultural Code
Barthes Codes.Enigma Code:- The audience are not told anything about this character or where is is/where he came from.-Action Code:- We would expect the character to begin to hallucinate or see thingsunclearly after taking pills.
Barthes Codes – cont.Semantic Code:- Shot of vultures eating at the carcass off a wild dog connotes death.- Isolated landscape connotes loneliness.Symbolic Code:- (opposition and antithesis) isolation vs civilisation