Assignment 4: camera shots,angles, movement, composition By Laura Cuk
CAMERA SHOTSThese are the different types of camerashots:-Establishing-Long-Two-Wide-Mid-Close-up-Extreme close-up-Over the shoulder-Overhead-POV (point of view)-Aerial
EstablishingAn establishing shot establishes thesetting of a scene.An establishing shot is taken at ranges ofdistances, as if they were taken from ahelicopter.You would usually see an establishingshot at the beginning of something.
LongA long shot is a shot that shows theframing of a character or subject of theirbodyThis shot is not necessarily used for onlypeople. A long shot can be used for otherthings.An example of this would be a dinnertable.
TwoA two shot is very straightforwardUsually done to show when two characters arecommunicating, conversing, interacting.
Wide• A wide shot is when you can view a large variety of information• A wide shot is also like a panoramic photograph
Mid/MediumA mid shot was commonly known as a mediumshot.This camera shot is mostly used for dialogueAlso a mid shot shows the framing of a characteror subject of their torso and head, or their torsoand their legs.
Close-upA close-up shot is the framing of a character or subjectwhich shows a particular part of their body or object.An example would be a face, a nose, an eye etc.Close up is used to show more detail or info of acharacter or object.
Extreme close-upExtreme close-ups are a shot that is part of thebody or face to show extreme detail
Over the shoulderThis shot is taken over the back of a charactersshoulder, emphasis on the ‘over the shoulder’shot.
OverheadAn overhead shot is the type of camera shotwhere the camera is placed above a charactershead.
POV (point of view)A POV shot is a shot that shows a charactersperspective.To do this particular shot, the camera will needto be placed on the face of the character, (betterto be placed on the eyes) just like googleglasses.
AerialAn aerial shot is quite similar to an overheadshot. This shot is taken from an overheadposition.This shot may be similar to an overhead shot,but this shot is usually taken form a far distance. This is an example of an aerial shot. This picture is of the beginning of Eastenders. An aerial shot is like a bird view.
CAMERA ANGLESThese are the three different types of camera angles:-Low-High-Canted/Oblique
LowA low angle is taken at a low level.Usually positioned on the ground.The purpose of a low angle is to enhance andmake a character or subject look dominant intheir role.
HighThis is an angle taken a high place that looksdown on a character or subject.The purpose of a high angle is to make thecharacter or subject appear smaller andvulnerable.
Canted/Oblique• This angle is an angle that makes whatever has been shot to look as if it was stewed or tilted.
CAMERA MOVEMENTThere are nine different types of camera movement:-Pan-Tilt-Track-Zoom-Reverse zoom-Dolly-Crane-Stedicam-Vertigo
PanA pan movement involves pivoting horizontally.This movement gives a panoramic view.
TiltA tilt is when the camera is pivoting from up anddown.A tilt movement reveals information.
TrackTrack is the movement of a camera that movesfrom side to side.
ZoomZoom is when the camera features a zoom goingin towards an object.
Reverse zoomReverse zoom is the opposite of zoom.Reverse zoom is also called a zoom out.
DollyA dolly movement is where the camera moves inand out or backwards and forwards.
CraneWhen the camera is on a craneAn example of this would be the way the cameramoves across the stage and audience like in thex-factor.
StedicamA stedicam is a stabilizing mount for a camerawhich mechanically isolates the operatorsmovement from the camera.A stedicam is often used in sports or for highaction.
VertigoThis is the movement which is zooming anddollying at the same time.
COMPOSITIONThere are eight different types of composition:-Balance-Depth of field-Shallow focus-Deep focus-Symmetry-Asymmetry-Rule of thirds-Focus Pulls
Balance• When things are arranged elements so that no one part of a work overpowers, or seems heavier than other part.
Depth of field• Is a distance of what is on focus.
Shallow focusShallow focus is a photographic andcinematographic technique.This movement is used to emphasise one thingover another thing.
Deep focusThis is when everything is in focus.This is when you can see the foreground,background and midground
SymmetryWhen the shot is equally symmetrical or balanced on both sides.
AsymmetryIs the opposite of symmetry.It is when the shot is equally asymmetrical orunbalanced on both sides.This type of composition is often used in filmingto show disorder, chaos.
Rule of thirdsThis is a composition rule used for the visual arts,such as paintings, photography, film and design.Rule of thirds promotes interests, tension, energyin a composition.This is taken without rule of thirds. This is taken with rule of thirds.
Focus pullsThis type of composition is usually very hard tocompose.It is when you pull or change the focus ofsomething.