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  1. 1. Welcome to Hollies world war two presentation!Enjoy this beautiful song while you wait!
  2. 2. The announcement!Are you good at imagining?Listen to this and imagine your at homelistening how would you feel, be honest withyourself ok! This is when the war got announced, not on tv though on the radio, in those days tvs didnt exsist!
  3. 3. r_raid_siren● Did you know that when german bombers were close this siren went off how would you feel if that went off today?
  4. 4. The BLACKOUTS!Once the bombings started, evacuationsstarted, sirens started to go off, air raid shelterswere built and then the BLACKOUTS started,do you now what the BLACKOUTS were?Ill explain, on a night german bombers wereexpected so everyone would buy massiveBLACK curtains to cover their windows AFRAID OF THE DARK? A UT!
  5. 5. The BLACKOUTS!and they would have to keep theirlights switched off and use candles aslights! Does that sound scary? Haveyou ever experienced a power cut,absoloutly NO eletric!The BLACKOUTS were a bit like thatbut only worse!Do you have to have a light on whenyou go to sleep, yes you say youwouldnt be good in a BLACKOUTwould you?
  6. 6. Evacuation! were children evacuated?People expected cities to be bombed, as enemy planes triedto destroy factories. But bombs would hit homes and schoolstoo, so children would be in danger. The government tried atthe start of the war to empty the cities of children andmothers, This was evacuation, to protect them from airraids.The plan was put into action in September 1939. About800,000 children left their homes. However, many returnedhome after a few weeks. Others stayed in the countryside for
  7. 7. Evacuation!Where did children go?Children were sent from cities to places where there was less riskof air raids. Many London children went to Devon, Cornwall andWales. Other children moved to villages in the North, East Angliaand Scotland.Evacuees went to live with host families. Their new homes werecalled billets. Billeting officers arranged for people to look afterthe children. Things did not always go to plan. Some childrenended up in the wrong places. Sometimes evacuees just stood ina line, and local people picked which children to take.A smaller number of children (perhaps 10,000) went to othercountries such as Canada, Australia and the United States.
  8. 8. The blitzWhat was an air raid?An air raid was an attack by enemy planes dropping bombs. Warning ofenemy planes was given by sirens. When people heard the sirenswailing sound, they went into air raid shelters.Big bombs exploded with a loud bang and blew buildings apart. Smallbombs called incendiaries started fires. Firefighters worked bravely toput out the flames. Rescue teams pulled people from fallen buildings.Ambulances took the injured to hospital. When the planes had gone,the sirens sounded the All Clear.
  9. 9. The blitzThe BlitzAir raids on London began in September 1940. This was the start ofthe Blitz. Lots of other places were bombed, including industrial citiesand ports such as Birmingham, Coventry, Southampton, Sheffield,Manchester, Liverpool, Hull and Glasgow. There were air raids onseaside towns, such as Eastbourne, and on cathedral cities such asCanterbury.In 1944, Britain faced attacks from new weapons. First came the V-1, arobot flying bomb. Then there was the V-2, a rocket which flew so fastno-one could see or hear it coming. London was the main target for V-1and V-2 attacks.
  10. 10. The blitzWhere did people shelter?Many people had their own air raid shelter. Called an AndersonShelter, it could be built in a small garden. It was made of steel panels.The panels were corrugated (made wavy), which made the shelterstrong, especially with soil spread over the top. There was an entranceat one end. Inside was a bench-seat, which could become a bed atnight.Public shelters were made of brick and concrete. No-one liked themmuch. They were dark, smelly and not as strong as they looked. InLondon, more than 150,000 people went into Underground stationsevery night for shelter. They slept on the platforms.
  11. 11. The blitz● A shelter at home● To put up an Anderson shelter, you had to have a garden. From 1941, people could have an indoor shelter, called a Morrison shelter. It looked like a steel table with wire mesh around the sides. You could play table tennis on top, and crawl inside to play. People slept inside too, though it was a bit squashed and you felt like monkeys in a cage!●● The Morrison shelter was very strong. People inside were usually safe even if the ceiling of the room fell down on top of them.
  12. 12. The end of it all!6 June 1944 was D-Day, when Allied forces landed in Normandy(France) to begin the liberation of western Europe. Everyone hoped thewar would soon be over. However, there were many fierce battles inEurope and in the Pacific war with Japan before the fighting stopped in1945.Life was very hard for children in the countries where the last battleswere fought. Towns were bombed day and night. Railways and roadswere blown up. There was fighting in villages and city streets. Therewas so little fuel or food that millions of people were cold and starving.Many people became homeless refugees.
  13. 13. The end of it all!● Victory parties● On 8 May 1945 people celebrated VE Day (Victory in Europe Day). Crowds packed the streets, cheering, singing and dancing. Children joined in the fun, waving flags, dressing up and making party hats. There were fireworks and bonfires, speeches and Church services, parades and street parties.●● The wartime government, led by Winston Churchill, had done its job. There was a general election in July 1945, and it was won by the Labour Party. Clement Attlee became Britains new prime minister.●● In August 1945 Japan stopped fighting. On 2 September, the Allies officially celebrated VJ Day (Victory in Japan Day). World War 2 was over.
  14. 14. The end of it all!Families reunitedSoldiers, sailors and airmen came home: over 100,000 every month.Men and women swapped uniforms for civvy (civilian) clothes. Alsocoming home were thousands of prisoners of war or POWs. Some habeen prisoners for 5 years.People had got used to war. Now they had to get used to peace.Families were together again, but life was not easy. Many homes hadbeen destroyed in air raids. Some homeless families moved intoprefabs - concrete bungalows built in factories for quick assembly.Many children found it strange getting to know again a father whodbeen away for years. Not all families got back together happily.
  15. 15. The end of it all!RefugeesWorld War 2 left millions of people homeless as refugees. Some hadescaped from the Nazis before the war. Others had been driven fromtheir homes by fighting. In Europe there were more than 12 millionrefugees, or displaced persons, including millions of Germans. Therewere people seeking missing relatives, and many children withoutparents.The Allies set up the United Nations to keep the peace. One of itsmost urgent tasks in 1945 was to help refugees return to their homesor find new ones.
  16. 16. Thank you!Hope you enjoyed thispresentation and I hope itgave you a rough ideaof what the ww2 was reallylike!