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THE HABITUS AND DIGITAL PRACTICES       OF RURAL STUDENTS:             A CASE STUDY     Laura Czerniewicz & Cheryl Brown  ...
THE STUDYo 1st year students‟ technology practiceso 23 studentso 4 South African universitieso 5 self-declared rural stude...
RURAL EDUCATION: SCHOOLSo Rural schools continue to suffer poor  conditionso Worse conditions than their urban  schoolso M...
RURAL EDUCATION: WORSE RESULTSo Department Basic Education Grade 3  & 6 tests rural schools fare worsto Many rural schools...
RESULTSo In 2009, 7.7% of learners in Quintile 1  schools passed National Senior  Certificateo Hard to ascertain % of rura...
REAPo Rural Education Access Programme  (REAP)  • reports that rural background can have a    negative impact on universit...
THEORETICAL FRAMEWORKo Interested in technological practiceso Bourdieu   [(habitus) (capital)] + field = practice
BOURDIEU: CONCEPTSo Habitus „a system of durable, transposable  dispositions which functions as the  generative basis of s...
BOURDIEU: CONCEPTSo Economic capital   • assets either in the form of or convertible to casho Social capital   • the sum o...
BOURDIEU CONCEPTSo A field is a distinct social space  consisting of interrelated and vertically  differentiated positions...
CASE STUDYo Analysis of a single student case studyo Multiple sources of datao Theory – framed data analysis
JAKE‟S STORYo 1st year Humanities student, age 19o Mother died when he was 12o Father self employed, 2nd wifeo 3 siblingso...
ECONOMIC CAPITAL: ICT ACCESSo Computers new at universityo School had 2, untouchedo 1st cell phone in Grade 10o Bursary  •...
ECONOMIC CAPITAL: INTERNET ACCESSo Use of internet framed by economics  • Peers at home have cell phones with    Internet ...
SOCIAL CAPITALo Online networks expanded  • Says he knows personally 15 of his 300+ FB    connectionso Uses Mxit for small...
CULTURAL CAPITALo Did not know how to use computers  before university  • “In my community technology is not that    impor...
THE TRANSITIONMy rural background was very challenging upon my arrival…The Computer Literacy was like rocket science to me...
OBJECTIFIED CULTURAL CAPITALo Computer valuable artefact  •   Important to have his own  •   Not ruined by gaming  •   Ess...
OBJECTIFIED CULTURAL CAPITALo Cellphone indispensable  • Never off  • About status and trends  • Concerned about the effec...
DIGITAL PRACTICES: ACTIVITIESo Multi taskso Multi deviceso Assignments, notes, typingo Browsing and searchingo Not Excel o...
DIGITAL PRACTICES: SOCIAL MEDIAo Social media personalo Also academic, esp. affective  Study hard n al shall follow")  Sto...
DIGITAL PRACTICES: SOCIAL MEDIAo Does not like Twitter  I jst cnt connect with Twitter. Its so shortcut n  complex. @ Jake...
THE FIELD: HIGHER EDUCATIONo Since campuses appear to be sophisticated, rural  students prefer to abstain from exploring t...
THE FIELD: RURAL COMMUNITYo At home he is “the ICT mastermind”o He has a kind of freedomo His teachers are not ICT literat...
CONCLUSIONo Bourdieu useful for practices ito  habitus, capitals, field  • Not enough for specifics of agencyo Jake‟s stor...
THANK YOUContact Laura.czerniewicz@uct.ac.za http://lauraczerniewicz.uct.ac.za @czernie
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Rural students' habitus & technology practices

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Paper and presentation on research of students' habitus and technology practices, a case study of a rural student. Paper included as notes under each slide.Presented at HELTASA November 2012.

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Rural students' habitus & technology practices

  1. 1. THE HABITUS AND DIGITAL PRACTICES OF RURAL STUDENTS: A CASE STUDY Laura Czerniewicz & Cheryl Brown 28 November 2012
  2. 2. THE STUDYo 1st year students‟ technology practiceso 23 studentso 4 South African universitieso 5 self-declared rural studentso Semi-ethnographic • Interviews, self recording, focus group, access to social media
  3. 3. RURAL EDUCATION: SCHOOLSo Rural schools continue to suffer poor conditionso Worse conditions than their urban schoolso More out of school children in rural areas
  4. 4. RURAL EDUCATION: WORSE RESULTSo Department Basic Education Grade 3 & 6 tests rural schools fare worsto Many rural schools in Quintile 1 • In Free State 61% of schools in Quintile 1
  5. 5. RESULTSo In 2009, 7.7% of learners in Quintile 1 schools passed National Senior Certificateo Hard to ascertain % of rural students in universities • A study on Medical studies found proportionately fewer medical students from rural backgrounds
  6. 6. REAPo Rural Education Access Programme (REAP) • reports that rural background can have a negative impact on university experience • student feedback after first year that technology is a real challenge
  7. 7. THEORETICAL FRAMEWORKo Interested in technological practiceso Bourdieu [(habitus) (capital)] + field = practice
  8. 8. BOURDIEU: CONCEPTSo Habitus „a system of durable, transposable dispositions which functions as the generative basis of structured, objectively unified practices‟ • ways of acting, feeling, thinking and being….how [they] carry [their] history, how [they] bring this history into [their] present circumstances, and how [they] then make choices to act in certain ways and then not others”o Habitus as reproductive or transformative
  9. 9. BOURDIEU: CONCEPTSo Economic capital • assets either in the form of or convertible to casho Social capital • the sum of the resources that accrue to an individual /group by virtue of possessing a durable network of more or less institutionalised relationships of mutual acquaintance and recognitiono Cultural capital • embodied cultural capital “long-lasting dispositions of the mind and body” , expressed commonly as skills, competencies, knowledge and representation of self image”. • Objectified cultural capital physical objects as “cultural goods which are the trace or realization of theories or critiques of these theories”o Symbolic capital - recognition, value and status
  10. 10. BOURDIEU CONCEPTSo A field is a distinct social space consisting of interrelated and vertically differentiated positions, a „network, or configuration of objective relations between positions‟
  11. 11. CASE STUDYo Analysis of a single student case studyo Multiple sources of datao Theory – framed data analysis
  12. 12. JAKE‟S STORYo 1st year Humanities student, age 19o Mother died when he was 12o Father self employed, 2nd wifeo 3 siblingso Attended 2 rural, Quintile 1 schoolso Trilingual
  13. 13. ECONOMIC CAPITAL: ICT ACCESSo Computers new at universityo School had 2, untouchedo 1st cell phone in Grade 10o Bursary • Bought own laptop (“individualistic”) • Different discourses (its old, its rare) • Bought Blackberry
  14. 14. ECONOMIC CAPITAL: INTERNET ACCESSo Use of internet framed by economics • Peers at home have cell phones with Internet access but not funds to exploit • Students on campus • It ws a shock @ first 2 notice dat many of my frnds r no longer updating anythng on fb, bt then again I got reminded of da fact dat skuls r closed. Whch minz no more easy access 2 free computers on campus. Only dose wit smartphnes r beatin da recession. # shame #
  15. 15. SOCIAL CAPITALo Online networks expanded • Says he knows personally 15 of his 300+ FB connectionso Uses Mxit for small group of church friendso Changed dynamics within existing relationshipso Calls on university friends for ICT help
  16. 16. CULTURAL CAPITALo Did not know how to use computers before university • “In my community technology is not that important as people lack the skills to use it”o At home • a radio only, laptop dreamo Computer Literacy programme at university a challenge
  17. 17. THE TRANSITIONMy rural background was very challenging upon my arrival…The Computer Literacy was like rocket science to me. Totop it up, lecturers had started making use of Blackboardfor notifications. It was a real challenge. Typing assignmentsin accordance with the required formats was even morethreatening.Universities are congested with computers and it isunwittingly assumed that all students can use thosecomputers beneficially; which is not the case.Rural students feel estranged and depressed by thesetechnologies. Setting appointments via email, checkingemails from the varsity, and doing research for assignmentsare scary activities to rural students.
  18. 18. OBJECTIFIED CULTURAL CAPITALo Computer valuable artefact • Important to have his own • Not ruined by gaming • Essential for academics • Also for entertainment esp musico Uses computer 80 hours a week • So, my laptop, it has to do its job; assist me academically and entertain me.
  19. 19. OBJECTIFIED CULTURAL CAPITALo Cellphone indispensable • Never off • About status and trends • Concerned about the effects on his studies
  20. 20. DIGITAL PRACTICES: ACTIVITIESo Multi taskso Multi deviceso Assignments, notes, typingo Browsing and searchingo Not Excel or Powerpoint
  21. 21. DIGITAL PRACTICES: SOCIAL MEDIAo Social media personalo Also academic, esp. affective Study hard n al shall follow") Stop whining n study Good luck 4 da second semester “I so wish textbooks were designed lyk magazines. Ten years frm nw u probably wud stl rememba da story of Kelly Khumalo in Drum Magazine, whch minz evn chapters wud last 4eva in ones mynd” Im studyin nw. Procrastination is a rapist of tym
  22. 22. DIGITAL PRACTICES: SOCIAL MEDIAo Does not like Twitter I jst cnt connect with Twitter. Its so shortcut n complex. @ Jake..@ Kido...@ Nomvie..such titles n da scribblings confuse me Twitter is more competitive than Facebook, Facebook is how you feel
  23. 23. THE FIELD: HIGHER EDUCATIONo Since campuses appear to be sophisticated, rural students prefer to abstain from exploring them with the fear of their rural mentality being exposed. Apart from technology, lecturers make it tough for rural students because these lecturers are used to Model C schools and the way those schools teach. As a result, their tone suits private school graduates. Their language and examples are in line with these urban students. No one seems to understand township or homeland studentso I am comfortable with technology now I love it
  24. 24. THE FIELD: RURAL COMMUNITYo At home he is “the ICT mastermind”o He has a kind of freedomo His teachers are not ICT literateo He may not even use ICTs when he goes homeo Music is the one continuity
  25. 25. CONCLUSIONo Bourdieu useful for practices ito habitus, capitals, field • Not enough for specifics of agencyo Jake‟s story- tranformative habitus Im not sorry of myself, despite my regrettable background. Actually, its that background which keeps reminding me that I have to work even more harder to stay competitive
  26. 26. THANK YOUContact Laura.czerniewicz@uct.ac.za http://lauraczerniewicz.uct.ac.za @czernie

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