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Open everything Exploring open in higher education

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Open everything Exploring open in higher education

  1. 1. Exploring Openin Higher EducationLaura Czerniewicz and Michelle WillmersOpenUCT InitiativeScholarly Communication in Africa ProgrammeCC-BY-SA
  2. 2. So many opens • Open scholarship • Open access • Open licensing • Open education practices • Open education resources • Open source • Open data • Open research • Open science • Open web • Open knowledge http://www.flickr.com/photos/opensourceway/5535034664/sizes/o/in/photostream/
  3. 3. ttp://www.flickr.com/photos/jannemei/1023015396/sizes/o/in/photostream/
  4. 4. Opennessas a concept is not new to academia
  5. 5. St Hildegard of Bingen (1098- 1179) “The labours of knowledge must have public benefit.”
  6. 6. In Africa … Timbuktu Manuscripts (13th Century)
  7. 7. Ways of being open are new The shift to digital
  8. 8. Traditional Scholarship Literature reviewsStudent Conceptual frameworks Bibliographies Proposals Conceptualisation Notes Interview transcripts Lectures Translation Data sets Data Collection Presentations Engagement Data Analysis Images Reports Audio recordings InterviewsCommunity Findings Books Conference papers Journal articles Technical papers Scholar
  9. 9. Traditional Model• Relatively contained disciplinary context• Relatively clear scholarly community• Relatively clear boundaries• Particular points of engagement• Specific audiences at particular stages• Generally closed/ contained
  10. 10. Enterthe Internet
  11. 11. • All content becomes shareable• New ways of describing content (and looking for it)• New ways of tracking usage• Aggregation occurs• Rise of the Commons and the global networked scholar http://www.flickr.com/photos/balleyne/2668834386/lightbox/
  12. 12. Open Access Literature reviewsStudent Conceptual frameworks Bibliographies Proposals Conceptualisation Notes Interview transcripts Lectures Translation Data sets Data Collection Presentations Engagement Data Analysis Images Reports Audio recordings InterviewsCommunity Findings Books Conference papers Journal articles Technical papers Scholar
  13. 13. Open AccessGreen Route- Self-archiving of scholarly content prior to, in parallel with, or after publication- 2085 repositories worldwide (DOAR 2011)Gold Route- Primary publication in open-access journals- 7 070 journals (DOAJ 2011)
  14. 14. OA = increased visibility31 studies in a wide range of disciplines onOA and citation advantage*- 27 studies show up to 600% increase in impact- 4 studies show no differenceIncreased visibility = enhanced prestige andcontribution to development* Swan A (2010) The Open Access Citation Advantage: Studies and Results to Date.Available at http://eprints.ecs.soton.ac.uk/18516/
  15. 15. Open Educational Resources Part of the open content continuum … Undergraduate Post-graduatePedagogised Non- pedagogisedresources resources
  16. 16. Open Education Resources Literature reviews Student Conceptual frameworks Bibliographies Proposals ConceptualisationCommunity Notes Scholar Lectures Presentations Translation Data Collection Engagement Data Analysis Data sets Reports Images Interviews Audio recordings Findings Interview Books transcripts Journal articles Conference papers Technical papers
  17. 17. Open Research Literature Reviews Bibliographies Conceptual frameworks Proposals Conceptualisation Notes Interview transcripts Lectures Translation Data sets Data CollectionPresentations Engagement Data Analysis Images Reports Audio recordings Interviews Findings Books Conference papers Journal articles Technical papers
  18. 18. Open Research• Replicable (transparency - method)• Reusable (results free for re-use and appropriation)• Replayable (tools available for appropriation)• Immediacy (more speedily available)• Granular in approach
  19. 19. Open Research Literature reviews Bibliographies Conceptual frameworks Proposals Conceptualisation Notes Interview transcripts Lectures Translation Data sets Data CollectionPresentations Engagement Data Analysis Images Reports Audio recordings Interviews Findings Books Conference papers Journal articles Technical papers
  20. 20. Open Research- New modes of dissemination- New ways of measuring impact- Blogging and social networking as mechanisms forresearch and collaboration- Output of social networking processes becomeresearch artefacts
  21. 21. Citizen Science
  22. 22. Open Science
  23. 23. Open Humanities?http://www.flickr.com/photos/opensourceway/6555466069/sizes/o/in/set-72157625612605617/
  24. 24. Why?
  25. 25. Value proposition• Improve visibility, impact and prospects for collaboration (and, maybe, citation)• Good practice• Improved teaching and learning• Improved representation• Evolution of scholarship• Scalability and new prospects for advance
  26. 26. TheOpen Education Continuum
  27. 27. What do we need to participate?1. Conducive environment / policy cohesion - Reward systems aligned2. Appropriate licensing / protection of IP - Ducks in a row3. Curation / metadata - Open = well shared4. e-Infrastructure/virtual environments - Many birds, one stone?5. Agency of the individual - Rise of the global networked scholar
  28. 28. Thank you• Laura.czerniewicz@uct.ac.za• Michelle.willmers@uct.ac.za

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