1. What Is a Cime Drama?


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1. What Is a Cime Drama?

  1. 1. What is a Television Crime Drama? Defining the genre
  2. 2. A television crime drama <ul><li>Television Crime Drama is a genre (or type) of TV programme. </li></ul><ul><li>It always follows certain rules. The rules of a genre are called the conventions (typical elements) of a genre (type of programme). </li></ul><ul><li>Watch this trailer: http:// www.youtube.com/watch?v =Fyu413qiOXY&playnext=1&list=PL707CE5DF0C72205B </li></ul><ul><li>What tells you it is a television Crime Drama programme? </li></ul>
  3. 3. Is it a television crime drama? <ul><li>1.Is it on television, or originally made for TV? (it can’t be a film that came out in cinemas) </li></ul><ul><li>2. Is it mainly about a crime? </li></ul><ul><li>3. Is it a drama (made-up, acted, fictional?) </li></ul>
  4. 4. Are these TV crime dramas? <ul><li>X-Men </li></ul><ul><li>A documentary about drug smuggling </li></ul><ul><li>CSI: Miami </li></ul><ul><li>Thor </li></ul><ul><li>Reality show about police work </li></ul><ul><li>Dr Who </li></ul><ul><li>Morse </li></ul><ul><li>A story on the news about a murder </li></ul><ul><li>Pirates of the Caribbean </li></ul><ul><li>For each example, say why it is or can’t be a TV crime drama. Use the three questions to help you decide: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Is it on television, or originally made for TV? (it can’t be a film that came out in cinemas) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Is it mainly about a crime? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Is it a drama (made-up, acted, fictional?) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Typical characters <ul><li>Crime dramas usually include three types of character: </li></ul><ul><li>The ones who solve the crimes (detectives, private eyes, police officers, forensic scientists). </li></ul><ul><li>The ones who commit the crimes (criminals, murderers, thieves). </li></ul><ul><li>The victims (the ones who get murdered, attacked, robbed, beaten up, mugged, stolen from, burgled). </li></ul><ul><li>Watch the first 40 seconds of either of these clips - can you work out who is the criminal, who is the victim and who is the crime solver? </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b00vk2lp </li></ul><ul><li>http:// www.youtube.com/watch?v = IAUbPFIlFIc&feature = relmfu </li></ul>
  6. 6. Typical plot / storyline <ul><li>The typical plot centres around solving a crime (the murder, attack, burglary) </li></ul><ul><li>The story usually follows those who solve the crime (the detectives, police) </li></ul><ul><li>The crime is not usually solved until the end of the episode or programme. </li></ul>
  7. 7. To keep you interested… <ul><li>One of the pleasures of TV Crime drama is watching the crime get solved. But if it was solved too quickly or easily, it wouldn’t be interesting. So Crime Drama plots usually have: </li></ul><ul><li>A mystery or enigma at the start – a puzzle or mystery – who killed the dead man? And why? </li></ul><ul><li>Lots of suspense – will they catch the killer in time? </li></ul><ul><li>A red herring – will they arrest the wrong person; do the clues point to an innocent person? </li></ul><ul><li>Some personal drama – the detective's marriage is falling apart; the detectives fall out with each other; the detective loses his promotion. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Plot devices <ul><li>Watch these two clips of two very different TV crime dramas. What aspects of the plot devices can you see? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mysteries or enigmas? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Suspense? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Red herrings? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Personal drama? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>CSI:NY http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=r4_HyIc89Wk </li></ul><ul><li>Morse: http:// www.youtube.com/watch?v =qukmZgyOQr4 </li></ul>
  9. 9. Narratives and closure <ul><li>If it is a one-off drama, then the narrative will be closed (all the loose ends will be tied up at the end of the programme). </li></ul><ul><li>If it is a series, there may be one storyline that gets finished in the episode, for example a crime that is solved, then other storylines that run on through the whole series. These other storylines may end on cliff-hangers to keep the audience coming back for the next episode. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Todorov <ul><li>Todorov suggested that most stories follow five stages: </li></ul><ul><li>Equilibrium – everything is normal at the start </li></ul><ul><li>Disruption – something happens: a crime, a mystery </li></ul><ul><li>Recognition – people see something has happened and react to it </li></ul><ul><li>Attempt to repair – people try to put things right, solve the crime, catch the criminal </li></ul><ul><li>Resolution - everything is solved, worked out, fixed, and there is a new equilibrium </li></ul>
  11. 11. Applying Todorov’s theory <ul><li>Watch a whole episode of Rastamouse (on CBeebies iPlayer) or watch the clip below: </li></ul><ul><li>http:// www.youtube.com/watch?v =4ZCvydOxcq0 </li></ul><ul><li>Try to work out the five stages </li></ul><ul><li>Equilibrium: Rastamouse and his friends are playing their music </li></ul><ul><li>Disruption </li></ul><ul><li>Recognition </li></ul><ul><li>Attempt to repair </li></ul><ul><li>Resolution </li></ul>
  12. 12. Typical settings for TV Crime Drama <ul><li>Often in the city (seen as a dangerous place) </li></ul><ul><li>But sometimes in the countryside…consider the murder rate in Midsomer! </li></ul><ul><li>Within this, individual locations often include police stations, law courts, science labs, police cars, detectives’ houses, alleyways, nightclubs, victims’ houses…. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Match these TV crime dramas with their setting. <ul><li>Midsomer Murders Manchester </li></ul><ul><li>NYPD Blue English gardens </li></ul><ul><li>CSI: Miami Country houses </li></ul><ul><li>Rosemary and Thyme Midsomer </li></ul><ul><li>Rastamouse Oxford </li></ul><ul><li>Poirot Miami </li></ul><ul><li>Inspector Morse Baltimore </li></ul><ul><li>Cracker New York </li></ul><ul><li>The Wire Mouseland </li></ul><ul><li>Can you think of anywhere that wouldn’t work as the location of a TV crime drama? </li></ul>
  14. 14. Mise-en-scene <ul><li>Mise-en-scene refers to what can be seen in a camera shot. Look at this image: http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b00vk2lp </li></ul><ul><li>What are the characters’ positions (facing the camera? Standing aggressively? Sitting shyly?) What does this tell us about what kind of person they are? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the characters’ facial expressions? (Glaring at the camera? Smiling? Laughing? Winking?) What does this tell us about what kind of person they are? </li></ul><ul><li>What props (things) are there in the shot? (A coffee mug? A new car? A gun? A pencil?) What does this tell us about the person? </li></ul><ul><li>What costume does the character have? ( A suit? Jeans? A flowery dress?) What does this tell us about the person? </li></ul><ul><li>Where is the location or setting? (in a front room? In prison? In an office?) What does this tell us about the person? </li></ul><ul><li>Is the lighting bright or dim? Full-on or from the side? What mood does this give to the image? </li></ul>
  15. 15. Mise-en-scene analysis <ul><li>Look at these images. One is from a television crime drama, and one is not. </li></ul><ul><li>http:// www.google.co.uk/imgres?imgurl = http://blog.tvguide.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/prime_suspect.jpg&imgrefurl =http:// blog.tvguide </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b006v5y2 </li></ul><ul><li>Describe what you can see in each image: </li></ul><ul><li>Characters posture, position, facial expression </li></ul><ul><li>Costumes </li></ul><ul><li>Location </li></ul><ul><li>Props </li></ul><ul><li>Lighting </li></ul><ul><li>Camera shot type and angle </li></ul><ul><li>How does each image have a different mood and feel? </li></ul>
  16. 16. Define the genre <ul><li>What are the genre conventions of Television Crime Drama? </li></ul><ul><li>Explain, using these words: </li></ul><ul><li>genre </li></ul><ul><li>conventions </li></ul><ul><li>plot </li></ul><ul><li>character </li></ul><ul><li>setting </li></ul><ul><li>Teaching TV Crime Drama www.devonldp.org </li></ul>