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Perfect Continuous Tenses

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perfect continuous tense

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Perfect Continuous Tenses

  1. 1. DBS 2B <ul><li>Present Perfect Continuous Tense </li></ul><ul><li>Past Perfect Continuous Tense </li></ul><ul><li>Future Perfect Continuous Tense </li></ul>
  2. 2. The structure of the present perfect continuous tense is: their homework? doing been   they Have ? her? seeing been   you Have ? football. playing been not have We -   raining. been not has It - too much. talking been   have You + for one hour. waiting been   have I +   main verb auxiliary verb   auxiliary verb subject  
  3. 3. How do we use the Present Perfect Continuous Tense? <ul><li>There are basically two uses for the present perfect continuous tense : </li></ul><ul><li>1. An action that has just stopped or recently stopped </li></ul><ul><li>2. An action continuing up to now </li></ul>
  4. 4. 1. An action that has just stopped or recently stopped <ul><li>EXAMPLES : </li></ul><ul><li>I'm tired because I have been running . </li></ul><ul><li>I'm tired because I have been running . </li></ul><ul><li>Why is the grass wet? Has it been raining ? </li></ul><ul><li>You don't understand because you have not been listening . </li></ul>
  5. 5. 2. An action continuing up to now <ul><li>This is often used with for or since . We often use for and since with the present perfect tense . </li></ul><ul><li>We use for to talk about a period of time — 5 minutes, 2 weeks, 6 years. </li></ul><ul><li>We use since to talk about a point in past time — 9 o'clock, 1st January, Monday. </li></ul>
  6. 6. EXAMPLES : <ul><li>I have been studying for 3 hours. </li></ul><ul><li>I have been watching TV since 7pm. </li></ul><ul><li>Tara has not been feeling well for 2 weeks. </li></ul><ul><li>Tara has not been visiting us since March. </li></ul><ul><li>He has been playing football for a long time. </li></ul><ul><li>He has been living in Bangkok since he left school. </li></ul>
  7. 7. The structure of the past perfect continuous tense is: long? waiting been   they Had ?   drinking? been   you Had ? her. expecting been not had We - well. working been not had It - tennis. playing been   had You +   working. been   had I +   main verb auxiliary verb   auxiliary verb subject  
  8. 8. How do we use the Past Perfect Continuous Tense? <ul><li>The past perfect continuous tense is like the past perfect tense , but it expresses longer actions in the past before another action in the past . </li></ul><ul><li>EXAMPLE : </li></ul><ul><li>Ram started waiting at 9am. I arrived at 11am. When I arrived, Ram had been waiting for two hours. </li></ul>
  9. 9. EXAMPLES : <ul><li>John was very tired. He had been running . </li></ul><ul><li>I could smell cigarettes. Somebody had been smoking . </li></ul><ul><li>Suddenly, my car broke down. I was not surprised. It had not been running well for a long time. </li></ul><ul><li>Had the pilot been drinking before the crash? </li></ul>
  10. 10. Another example… <ul><li>For example, imagine that you meet Ram at 11am. Ram says to you: </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;I am angry. I have been waiting for two hours.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>Later, you tell your friends: </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Ram was angry. He had been waiting for two hours.&quot; </li></ul>
  11. 11. The structure of the future perfect continuous tense is: TV? watching been have   they Will ? football? playing been have   you Will ? long. waiting been have not will We - the car. using been have not will She - for two days. travelling been have   will You + for four hours. working been have   will I +   main verb auxiliary verb auxiliary verb   auxiliary verb subject  
  12. 12. How do we use the Future Perfect Continuous Tense? <ul><li>We use the future perfect continuous tense to talk about a long action before some point in the future . </li></ul><ul><li>EXAMPLE : </li></ul><ul><li>I will have been working here for ten years next week. </li></ul><ul><li>He will be tired when he arrives. He will have been travelling for 24 hours. </li></ul>

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