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Global Warming Water

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Global Warming Water

  1. 1. CONSEQUENCES OF GLOBAL WARMING ON POPULATION WATER AND WELFARE IN 21 st CENTURY WWW WATER WELFARE WARMING I heard the water asking if we ever listen to it. Why don’t we swallow the things that water tells us? Joaquín Araújo
  2. 2. FIGURES Between now and 2100 the average temperature will increase by between 1.8 and 4ºC. Climate change will account for 20% of the increase in global water scarcity. Less than 1 % of the water of the planet can be consumed. 70% freshwater goes to agriculture. 80% of sewage in developing countries is discharged untreated. Minimmun quantity of water for daily consumption: 20 litres. European consumption: 200 litres North American consumption: 600 litres. Some African countries: 5 litres. More than 1200 million people do not have access to potable water 2600 million people do not have basic sanitation 10 million people die every year from diarrhoeal diseases (90% children) 700 million people plus will be affected by tropical diseases as malaria.
  3. 3. EUROPEAN FIGURES 20% surface water is threatened by pollution 60% cities overexploit groundwater resources 20% increase in regions and populations affected by drought
  4. 4. FACTS ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEMS AFFECTS ALL INHABITANTS OF OUR PLANET, WITHOUT REGARD TO INTERNATIONAL BOUNDARIES. The demand for water has increased throughout the world in the last years, while water resources are decreasing. Pollution is increasing due to untreated wastewater, chemical flues and eutrophication caused by phosphorus and nitrogen from agriculture. Water scarcity will cause big migrations and conflicts and wars. Healthy freshwater ecosystems provide multiple goods: water scarcity will limit food production and will cause hunger.
  5. 5. FACTS ACCESS TO SAFE WATER AND ADEQUATE SANITATION SERVICES HAS BEEN PROVED TO BE ONE OF THE MOST EFFICIENT WAYS OF IMPROVING HUMAN HEALTH. Improvements in drinking water, sanitation, hygiene and water resources management have high impact on diarrhoea, malnutrition, malaria and many diseases that have aquatic transmission pathways. Upgrading water supply service could also improve education outcomes by enabling more girls to attend school instead of fetching water.
  6. 6. SOLVING ENVIROMENTAL PROBLEMS: A WORLDWIDE EFFORT Sustainable development. Renewable energies. Reducing gas emissions. International Agreements for cooperation Political action: Legislation. European Water Framework Directive Cooperation with developing countries Public Education according to responsibility with Environment Your contribution: choices that you make in your day-to-day activities can benefit the environment: saving energy, reducing pollution and waste, recycling.
  7. 7. SOLVING WATER PROBLEMS: A WORLDWIDE EFFORT SAVING – RECYCLING – NON POLLUTING OCEANS AND RIVERS: discharge of clean water by sewage treatments and protecting coasts and riversides. GROUNDWATER: nor overexploiting aquifers and non polluting with nitrates and pesticides. AGRICULTURE: improving irrigation models and types of cultures. INDUSTRY: using recycling water and treatments for polluted waste water. URBAN ZONES: rational domestic use,improving water systems, gardens. RESEARCH: new technologies.
  8. 8. SCHOOL ACTIVITIES RESOURCES FOR TEACHERS Canal de Isabel II: CanalEduca Programme (educational programme online and activities in class). Scholar visits, contests, prizes, exhibitions, courses. All levels. World Water Day Celebration March 22th . ADECAGUA : world forum for quality water. Participation in World Water Monitoring Day: you can receive a free monitoring water equipment and make simple analysis in a river. Last grades ESO, Bachillerato, and Vocational Training. Programme “Environmental Education” of Community of Madrid: Taller de Naturaleza of Villaviciosa de Odón. Several programmes, as “Study a river ecosystem” ,3 mornings. Last grades ESO, Bachillerato, and Vocational Training. Grants to promote shared projects between educational institutions. Ministry of Education. All levels. “La Salud del Agua” (“The Health of Water”), participating High Schools from Pozuelo, Valencia, Cartagena and Cádiz.
  9. 9. Monitor from March 22 until December 31! World Water Monitoring Day™ (WWMD) is an international education and outreach program that builds public awareness and involvement in protecting water resources around the world by engaging citizens to conduct basic monitoring of their local water bodies. An easy-to-use test kit enables everyone from children to adults to sample local water bodies for a core set of water quality parameters including temperature, acidity (pH), clarity (turbidity) and dissolved oxygen (DO). Results are shared with participating communities around the globe through the WWMD Web site. World Water Monitoring Day is officially celebrated on September 18; however, the monitoring window was extended for the first time in 2009 from March 22 (World Water Day) until December 31. Participants are encouraged to celebrate with WEF and IWA in September or to observe their own WWMD anytime during the extended window. The deadline for submitting data to the WWMD database is December 31. The coordinators of WWMD, the Water Environment Federation (WEF) and the International Water Association (IWA) plan to expand participation to one million people in 100 countries by 2012.
  10. 10. School Centres Grouping Programme The Health of Water “SCHOOL CENTRES GROUPING PROGRAMME” SPANISH MINISTRY OF EDUCATION 2007 0 / 2008 0 - 8 - 9 IES SAN JUAN DE LA CRUZ de POZUELO (COORDINATING CENTRE) IES CORNELIO BALBO de CÁDIZ IES EL BOHÍO de CARTAGENA (MURCIA) IES FEDERICA MONTSENY de BURJASSOT (VALENCIA)
  11. 11. THROUGHOUT THIS TIME WE HAVE LEARNT THE USE OF WATER AS A VITAL AND SOCIAL RESOURCE THE AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS AND WATER RESOURCES IN EACH AUTONOMOUS COMMUNITY OF THE SCHOOLS PARTICIPATING IN THE PROJECT. THE CYCLE OF WATER ON THE PLANET, RELATED TO CLIMATE CHANGE AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
  12. 12. MEETING WITH OTHER HIGH SCHOOLS
  13. 13. WE HAVE GONE TO… L’OCEANOGRÀFIC (VALENCIA)
  14. 14. ZARAGOZA 2008 EXPO
  15. 15. DURATÓN RIVER MEANDERS (SEGOVIA)
  16. 16. BEZOYA MINERAL WATER FACTORY
  17. 17. IMPACT OF MINING POLLUTION IN PORTMAN BAY (CARTAGENA)
  18. 18. WE HAVE MADE FRIENDS
  19. 19. AND WE HAVE LEARNT A LOT!

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