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Study slides

  1. 1. Study slides for ART181 Quiz 2 _________________ Great Pyramids  Doryphoros
  2. 2. Great Pyramids Great Pyramids <ul><li>Egyptian, Old Kingdom </li></ul><ul><li>Gizeh, Egypt </li></ul><ul><li>2551 – 2472 BCE </li></ul><ul><li>Limestone </li></ul><ul><li>Originally encased in white marble which had a dramatic effect in the hot sun. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Khafre enthroned <ul><li>Egyptian, Old Kingdom </li></ul><ul><li>Gizeh, Egypt </li></ul><ul><li>Ca. 2520 – 2494 BCE </li></ul><ul><li>Dionite </li></ul><ul><li>Little to no movement gives appearance of permanency </li></ul>
  4. 4. Menkaure & his wife <ul><li>Egypt, Old Kingdom </li></ul><ul><li>Gizeh, Egypt </li></ul><ul><li>2490 – 2472 BCE </li></ul><ul><li>Graywacke </li></ul><ul><li>Gestures indicate a connection (married couple) but faces show no affection; wife is shown at almost same height which suggests that she is almost as important as Menkaure </li></ul>
  5. 5. Ka-Aper <ul><li>Egyptian, Old Kingdom </li></ul><ul><li>Saqqara, Egypt </li></ul><ul><li>2450 - 2350 BCE </li></ul><ul><li>Wood </li></ul><ul><li>Has space in between arms & body; was a priest who recited prayers for the deceased </li></ul>
  6. 6. Ti watching a hippopotamus hunt <ul><li>Egyptian, Old Kingdom </li></ul><ul><li>Saqqara, Egypt </li></ul><ul><li>ca 2450 – 2350 BCE </li></ul><ul><li>Painted limestone </li></ul><ul><li>Hunting hippos was very important since hippos are destructive to crops; “order over chaos” </li></ul>
  7. 7. Head of an Akkadian ruler <ul><li>Sumero-Akkadian </li></ul><ul><li>Nineveh, Iraq </li></ul><ul><li>ca. 2250 – 2200 BCE </li></ul><ul><li>Copper </li></ul><ul><li>Damage to left eye was deliberate & done by Medes conquerors </li></ul>
  8. 8. Stele with Law Code of Hammurabi <ul><li>Babylonian Civilization </li></ul><ul><li>Susa, Iran </li></ul><ul><li>Ca 1780 BCE </li></ul><ul><li>Black basalt </li></ul><ul><li>Judicial code was written in Akkadian; rod & rope being given to Hammurabi are symbols of measurement & the ability to measure is very important </li></ul>
  9. 9. Harvester vase <ul><li>Minoan </li></ul><ul><li>Triada (Crete), Greece </li></ul><ul><li>ca. 1500 BCE </li></ul><ul><li>Steatite </li></ul><ul><li>Example of action in narrative, narrative is as much a part of the piece as the description </li></ul>
  10. 10. Landscape with Swallows (Spring Fresco) <ul><li>Minoan </li></ul><ul><li>Thera, Greece </li></ul><ul><li>Ca. 1650 BCE </li></ul><ul><li>Fresco </li></ul><ul><li>First known pure landscape </li></ul>
  11. 11. Bull leaping <ul><li>Minoan </li></ul><ul><li>Knossos, Greece </li></ul><ul><li>Ca. 1450 – 1400 BCE </li></ul><ul><li>Fresco </li></ul><ul><li>Human figures are segmented like insects, heads are proportionately longer, bull is very elongated with unproportionally short legs </li></ul>
  12. 12. Fowling Scene <ul><li>Egyptian, New Kingdom </li></ul><ul><li>Tomb of Nebamun, Thebes, Egypt </li></ul><ul><li>Ca. 1400 – 1350 BCE </li></ul><ul><li>Fresco on dry plaster </li></ul><ul><li>Name of pharaoh is under his arm, wife & child area also pictured </li></ul>
  13. 13. Hatshepsut with offering jars <ul><li>Egyptian, New Kingdom </li></ul><ul><li>Deir el-Bahri, Egypt </li></ul><ul><li>1473 – 1458 BCE </li></ul><ul><li>Red granite </li></ul><ul><li>Hatshepsut is a queen but is pictured as a pharaoh in this piece </li></ul>
  14. 14. Hypostyle hall, Temple of Amen-Re <ul><li>Egyptian, New Kingdom </li></ul><ul><li>Karnak, Egypt </li></ul><ul><li>Ca. 1290 – 1224 </li></ul><ul><li>Open-style roof allowed light in </li></ul>
  15. 15. Vault of the Tholos of the Treasury of Atreus <ul><li>Mycenaean </li></ul><ul><li>Mycenae, Greece </li></ul><ul><li>1300 – 1250 BCE </li></ul><ul><li>Limestone & conglomerate stone </li></ul><ul><li>1 single corbelled arch the entire way around; built into a mound; 1 st true dome </li></ul>
  16. 16. Inlaid dagger blade w/ lion hunt <ul><li>Mycenaean </li></ul><ul><li>Mycenae, Greece </li></ul><ul><li>1600 – 1500 BCE </li></ul><ul><li>Bronze inlaid w/ gold, silver, bronze, copper & niello </li></ul><ul><li>Segmented waist; proportions remain the same even though limbs are bent </li></ul>
  17. 17. Statue of Queen Napir-Asu <ul><li>Persian </li></ul><ul><li>Susa, Iran </li></ul><ul><li>1350 – 1300 BCE </li></ul><ul><li>Bronze & copper </li></ul><ul><li>Was cast in 2 pieces; weighs 3700 lbs. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Akhenaton <ul><li>Egyptian, New Kingdom </li></ul><ul><li>Temple of Aton, Karnak, Egypt </li></ul><ul><li>1353 – 1335 BCE </li></ul><ul><li>Sandstone (painted) </li></ul><ul><li>Akhenaton is more stretched out with elongated proportions- appears almost cartoon-like </li></ul>
  19. 19. Nefertiti <ul><li>by Thutmose </li></ul><ul><li>Egyptian, New Kingdom </li></ul><ul><li>Amama, Egypt </li></ul><ul><li>1353 – 1335 BCE </li></ul><ul><li>Limestone (painted) </li></ul><ul><li>Unfinished; elongated neck </li></ul>
  20. 20. <ul><li>Neo-Assyrian </li></ul><ul><li>Citadel of Sargon II, Dur Sharrukin, Iraq </li></ul><ul><li>720 – 705 BCE </li></ul><ul><li>Limestone </li></ul><ul><li>Lamassu were human-headed winged bulls & guarded against chaos </li></ul>Lamassu
  21. 21. Geometric krater <ul><li>Greek, Geometric period </li></ul><ul><li>Athens, Greece </li></ul><ul><li>ca. 740 BCE </li></ul><ul><li>Ceramic </li></ul><ul><li>Humans appear stylized </li></ul>
  22. 22. Lady of Auxerre <ul><li>Greek </li></ul><ul><li>Possibly from Crete </li></ul><ul><li>650 – 625 BCE </li></ul><ul><li>Limestone </li></ul><ul><li>Named after Auxerre, France, which is the statuette’s oldest recorded location </li></ul>
  23. 23. Kouros <ul><li>Greek, Archaic Period </li></ul><ul><li>600 BCE </li></ul><ul><li>Marble </li></ul><ul><li>Emulates stance of Egyptian statues; depth is missing even though front & back are anatomically correct </li></ul>
  24. 24. Kroisos <ul><li>Greek, Archaic Period </li></ul><ul><li>Anavysos, Greece </li></ul><ul><li>Ca. 530 BCE </li></ul><ul><li>Marble </li></ul><ul><li>Shift of weight is more accurate; hair was painted; Kroisos was killed in a battle & his family had his statue made for his grave </li></ul>
  25. 25. Peplos Kore <ul><li>Greek Archaic Period </li></ul><ul><li>Acropolis, Athens, Greece </li></ul><ul><li>Ca 530 BCE </li></ul><ul><li>Marble </li></ul><ul><li>Was painted; was a votive offering in Athena’s sanctuary </li></ul>
  26. 26. Achilles & Ajax playing a dice game <ul><li>Greek </li></ul><ul><li>Vulci, Italy </li></ul><ul><li>540 – 530 BCE </li></ul><ul><li>Ceramic </li></ul><ul><li>Androkides painter; called a “bilingual vase” for the black figures on 1 side, red figures on other side </li></ul>
  27. 27. Dying Warrior, West Pediment <ul><li>Greek, Aegina Period </li></ul><ul><li>Temple of Aphaia, Aegina, Greece </li></ul><ul><li>Ca 490 BCE </li></ul><ul><li>Marble </li></ul><ul><li>Archaic smile; shows no emotion even though his chest is punctured </li></ul>
  28. 28. Dying Warrior, East Pediment <ul><li>Greece, Aegina Period </li></ul><ul><li>Temple of Aphaia, Aegina, Greece </li></ul><ul><li>480 BCE </li></ul><ul><li>Marble </li></ul><ul><li>Posture is more natural than the statue from West Pediment; reaction to wound is more human-like </li></ul>
  29. 29. Kritios boy <ul><li>Greek, Early Classical Period </li></ul><ul><li>Acropolis, Athens, Greece </li></ul><ul><li>480 BCE </li></ul><ul><li>Marble </li></ul><ul><li>Named after the sculptor who was once thought to have carved statue; the sculptor accurately represented weight shift in the human figure </li></ul>
  30. 30. Riace Warrior <ul><li>Ancient Greek </li></ul><ul><li>Riace, Italy </li></ul><ul><li>460 – 450 BCE </li></ul><ul><li>Bronze </li></ul><ul><li>Hollow-casting; found in 1972 near the “toe” on the Italian “boot”; eyes, teeth, eyelashes were inlaid w/ silver, nipples & lips were copper </li></ul>
  31. 31. Doryphoros (Spear Bearer) <ul><li>Greek Classical Period </li></ul><ul><li>Pompeii, Italy </li></ul><ul><li>450 – 440 BCE </li></ul><ul><li>Marble </li></ul><ul><li>Made by Polykleitos; this sculpture is a Roman copy of the Greek bronze original </li></ul>