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Learning and Education Theories


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Learning and Education Theories

  1. 1. Quality Improvement andEducation: TheoriesHloniphani JutaLara KestelooTrang Nguyen Thi ThuyEva van Swaaij
  2. 2. Defining Learning and EducationLearning: “knowledge acquired through study, experience, or being taught” (Oxford Dictionary, 2012)Education: “the process of receiving or giving systematic instruction” (Oxford Dictionary, 2012)
  3. 3. Education and Quality Improvement Cannot be learned simply through experience or observation
  4. 4. Learning theory Behaviourist Cognitivist Humanist Social and Situation• A change in • A change in • Interaction/observat • An act to fulfil ion in social contexts behaviour though/mind personal potential• Theorists: • Theorists: Koffka, • Theorists: Thorndike, Pavlov, Kohler,Lewin, Bandura, Lave Watson, Guthrie, H Piaget, • Theorists: ull, Tolman, Skinne Maslow, Rogers and Wenger, Ausubel, Bruner, Salomon r Gagne
  5. 5. Social Cognitive Theory/SocialLearning Theory in Nursing School• This theory is attributed to Bandura who describes how learning takes place with consideration of personal learner characteristics, behaviour patterns and the social environment.
  6. 6. Three Core Concepts of SocialLearning Theory 1. Learning 2. Mental through States Observation 3. Learning ≠ behaviour change
  7. 7. 1. Observational LearningLive model The actual demonstration of behaviourVerbal instructor model Involves a description and explanation of abehaviourSymbolic model Involves real or fictional characters displayingbehaviours
  8. 8. 2. Mental statesIntrinsic Reinforcement Intrinsic reinforcement as a form of internalreward, such as pride, satisfaction, and a sense ofaccomplishment.
  9. 9. 3.Learning ≠ behaviour change.The Modelling Process Not all cognitive/social behaviours areeffectively learned , certain steps must be followedin observational learning and modelling. 1. Attention 2. retention 3. reproduction 4.motivation
  10. 10. Contribution to Quality Health CareStudent learns:• Leadership skills• Nursing skills• Problem solving• Self regulatory practices• Beliefs• Attitudes• Strategies
  11. 11. Public Health Quality ImprovementGoal: to improve the public health of the populationFADE-model • Overweight population • Not enough exercise and bod Focus eating habitsEvaluate Analyse • Design a food pyramid • Promote you food pyramid in various media Execute Develop • Is there a change in statistics?
  12. 12. Public Health EducationPH campaign  raising awareness of the healthconsequences.• Mass media• Labeling• Packaging• Community programs• Policy changeIn Europe, the „lifestyle diseases‟ are prevalent. These usuallyhave a very late onset of disease  „why worry now aboutdiseases you might get in a long time?‟
  13. 13. ReferencesChinn, P. L., & Kramer, M. K. (2010). Integrated theory and knowledge development in nursing (8th ed. ed.). St. Louis, MO: Elsevier Mosby.Education. (2004). In K. Barber (Ed.), Canadian Oxford Dictionary (2nd ed.). NY, NY: Oxford University Press.Huitt, W., & Hummel, J. (2006). Educational psychology interactive. Valdosta: Valdosta State UniversityIsrael, B. A., Checkoway, B., Schulz, A., Zimmerman, M. (1994). Health education and community empowerment: Conceptualizing and measuring perceptions of individual, organizational, and community control. Health Education Quarterly 22(2), 149-170. doi: 10.1177/109019819402100203Keating S. B (2011). Curriculum Development and evaluation in nursing. (2nd ed.) New York: Springer.Learning. (2004). In K. Barber (Ed.), Canadian Oxford Dictionary (2nd ed.). NY, NY: Oxford University Press.
  14. 14. ReferencesMcAlister, A., Puska, P., Koskela, K., Pallonen, U., & Maccoby, N. (1980). Psychology in action: Mass communication and community organization for public health education. American Psychologist 35(4), 375-379. doi: 10.1037/0003-066X.35.4.375Nelson, E. C., Batalden, P. B., & Lazar, J. S. (2007). Practice-based learning and improvement: A clinical improvement action guide (2nd ed.). Oakbrook Terrace, Illinois: Joint Commission Resources.Nutbeam, D. (2000). Health literacy as a public health goal: A challenge for contemporary health education and communication strategies into the 21st century. Health Promotion International, 15(3), 259-267. doi: 10.1093/heapro/15.3.259Smith, M. K. (2003) Learning theory, the encyclopedia of informal education, learn.htm, Last update: December 04, 2011
  15. 15. Search Strategy• Once we split the topic focus we individually searched our focus areas. One was a general definitions and relationship search between education, learning and quality improvement. One searches learning theories and theorists and two looked into single models or theories that can be applied in student and practical contexts.• Google scholar search with keywords: quality improvement public health, public health education, quality improvement education
  16. 16. Collaborative Process• As a group we outlined the four major aspects of our presentation and split the work accordingly.• Since we are lucky to have Eva as a non-nursing point of view, we put her in a position where she can educate us on learning theory with relation to public health.• The presenter was chosen according to who has not presented yet in the group to give fair opportunity.