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REFLEX - Recycling carbon in a flexible competitive energy system

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REFLEX - Recycling carbon in a flexible competitive energy system

  1. 1. SEARCHING FOR ANSWERS TO KEY QUESTIONS NO. WE ARE THE DIFFERENCE-MAKERS. Are we going to burn up everything? Is humanity condemned to suffer from the water it has polluted? Will waste be the grave of our future? Will we let Europe degenerate to the world's back yard?
  2. 2. REFLEX Recycling carbon in a flexible competitive energy system - #lutreflex LUT PLATFORM Professor Jero Ahola & D.Sc. Tero Ahonen
  3. 3. REFLEX – Recycling carbon in a flexible competitive energy system We solve how to recycle carbon in renewable energy systems. In new energy system carbon dioxide is reused and renewable energy stored. The produced energy is emission-free, cost-effective and independent. This will revolutionize the entire energy field. The research will focus on the key technologies needed in the future and on the related business potential.
  4. 4. CHALLENGE (1/2) REFLEX In Paris COP21 meeting the participating countries agreed on the target of 1.5 °C for global average temperature rise by 2100 from pre-industrial level. It requires net-Zero CO2 emissions from energy sector by 2050. How to reach this in the given time window? POSSIBLE PICTURE Country pledges for 2030
  5. 5. CHALLENGE (2/2) REFLEX The main contributors to energy sector GHG emissions are the burning of coal and gas for electricity and heat, use of oil for mobility, and industrial use of fossil fuels. 77% ENERGY Land use change 18% Agriculture 13% Transportation 14% Electricity& heat 25% Industry 27% 14% 8%
  6. 6. SOLUTION (1/2) REFLEX Future flexible energy system will be mainly based on the mass-produced solar and wind power. The whole energy use will be directly or indirectly electrified. Flexibility to the electricity system will be built with energy storages and demand response technologies.
  7. 7. EXAMPLE REFLEX Globally, the majority of new power generation capacity additions were already renewables in 2015, mainly in wind and solar. Courtesy of: Breyer, C., Farfan, J., 2016
  8. 8. Indirect electrification of the energy usage will be mainly done through hydrogen production from renewable electricity. By combining it with captured CO2, fuels, chemicals, materials, etc. can be synthesized with Power-to-X technologies. NEOCARBONISATION BRIDGING SOLUTION (2/2) REFLEX Source: Pasi Vainikka, 2016
  9. 9. With P2X process hydrocarbons (e.g. fuels) can be synthesized from electrically produced hydrogen and captured CO2 through thermochemical or biochemical route. POWER-TO-X REFLEX Electrolysis CO2 reduction process Excess electricity H2O O2 CO2 H2 H2O CxHyOz Q Q
  10. 10. Finnish pulp and paper industry produces 36 Mt/a of CO2, fossil fuel combustion is responsible of 60 Mt/a. By converting this bio-CO2 to methane with P2G we would have ~170 TWh of gas. This equals the energy content of yearly oil & gas use in Finland, Estonia and Latvia. FINLAND & CO2 REFLEX The carbon footprint of lime kilns. Manning, R., Tran, H., et al. TAPPI 2010 Presentation of H. Karjula & T. Tynjälä
  11. 11. The platform aims to build world-class competence related to the modelling of on-going energy transition, key technologies of P2X and related business models. Parallel research projects with different maturity levels and other partners are also started to support the objectives. OBJECTIVE REFLEX Breyer, C. et Al., 2015
  12. 12. RESEARCH TEAM WP1: Modelling the energy transition Prof. Christian Breyer Study of energy system transition pathways WP2: Business and service model development Prof. Jukka Hallikas New business and service models WP3: Energy storages and demand response Dr. Jukka Lassila Analysis of ES and DR systems WP4: Hydrogen gen. and CO2 capture Dr. Antti Kosonen Research of H2 generation and CO2 capture from air WP5: Chemical synthesis of fuels Prof. Tuomas Koiranen Fuels&chemicals production with H2 and CO2 REFLEX
  13. 13. Jero Ahola Tero Ahonen Christian Breyer Jukka Hallikas Jukka Lassila Antti Kosonen Tuomas Koiranen KEY PERSONS REFLEX
  14. 14. Neo-Carbon Energy  @neocarbonenergy EFEU – Efficient Energy Use, Tekes FERMATRA – Tackling Mass Transfer Challenges in Fermentations, Tekes FLEXe – Flexible Energy Systems, Tekes MICATOX–Microllistructured Reactors for Catalytic Oxidation, Academy of Finland PHOENIX – People for the European Bio- Energy Mix, EU H2020 SET – Smart Energy Transition, AoF SOLETAIR – From the Sun and Air, Tekes PROJECT PORTFOLIO REFLEX
  15. 15. RESEARCH PROGRAM CALLS We’re interested in joining the following calls as partners: LCE-06-2017 New knowledge and technologies New renewable energy technologies LCE-10-2017: Reducing the cost of PV electricity LCE-21-2017: Market uptake of renewable energy technologies SPIRE-08-2017 Carbon dioxide utilisation to produce added value chemicals Please contact FOF-09-2017 Novel design and predictive maintenance technologies for increased operating life of production systems Interest in soft sensing methods, please contact REFLEX
  16. 16. REFLEX REFLEX in collaboration with VTT Finland and Neo-Carbon Energy ( project will build the first P2X pilot at LUT. The pilot will be unique in the world – Fuels from the solar electricity, water and CO2 captured directly from the air. SOLETAIR 2016-18
  17. 17. SOLETAIR 2016- REFLEX 220 kWp Solar PV plant at LUT
  18. 18. SOLETAIR 2016- REFLEX ¼ of CO2 air capture unit at VTT Finland Source: Pasi Vainikka, 2016
  19. 19. SOLETAIR 2016- REFLEX 5 kW PEM water electrolyzer & u-CHP system at LUT.