apm, Jd Vincent

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apm, Jd Vincent

  1. 9. <ul><li>L’action est subordonnée à l’état affectif. </li></ul><ul><li>le sujet (corps/esprit) est son propre motif. </li></ul>
  2. 10. Sentio ergo sum Scio ergo sum
  3. 12. Tous les comportements humains et animaux sont organisés autour de deux états affectifs fondamentaux : plaisir et aversion. Les émotions peuvent être définis comme des sentiments fondamentaux qui assistent le pouvoir de l’action en maximisant le plaisir et en minimisant l’aversion.
  4. 14. Contraste affectif
  5. 16. Amphioxus larvæ Zebrafish embryo Cnidarians Echinoderms Hemichordates Urochordates Cephalochordates (Amphioxus) ‏ Agnathans Teleosts Tetrapodes (Ciona) ‏ (Lampreys) ‏ (medaka, danio) ‏ (Xenopus, chicken, mouse) ‏ Chordates Deuterostomes Protostomes Craniates (Vertebrates) ‏ Diblastics Triblastics/Bilateria Arthropodes
  6. 17. Dopamine : a contingent modulator of brain functions Olfaction Vision (retina) ‏ Motivation Emotions Sensori-motor programs Hormone synthesis and release (hypophysis) ‏ Chemosensitivity T° control, feeding, parental care
  7. 18. Emotions are an output of brain and behavior evolution “ The expression of the emotion in man and the animals” Darwin, 1872
  8. 20. The need for others Reciprocal penetration of two minds The sense of others Compassion (empathy? ; Einfühlung) ‏ Or
  9. 24. 1. Representation cannot be separated from action ≈ REPRESENTACTION 2. Thought ≈ Representaction 3. Language ≈ Representaction
  10. 26. - Discovery of “mirror” neurones in the pre-motor cortex of the macaque monkey… - discovery of mirror systems in humans … have raised the prospect of a motor theory of social cognition whose goal is to dervie human social cognition from human motor cognition.
  11. 28. Simulation theory (ST) depicts mind-reading as incorporating an attempt to replicate, mimic or impersonate the mental life of the target agent
  12. 30. The functions of language <ul><li>Expressive </li></ul><ul><li>Injunctive </li></ul><ul><li>Functions (a) and (b) are common to animals and humans </li></ul>c) Descriptive d) Argumentative e) Empathic Functions ( c) (d) and (e) are specifically human

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