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  1. 1. Sylvia Mbewe geographyassessmentclass 12Gfalling birth rates.<br />
  2. 2. Japan<br />It is an MEDC, which places it in stage 5 of the demographic transition model.<br />It is the country with the lowest birth rate in the world and has about 7.64 births per 1000 people.<br />
  3. 3. Measures taken to encourage population growth.<br />Japanese women were called upon to contribute to solving the problems of an ageing and declining population by embracing the joy of birth<br />
  4. 4. <ul><li>Challenges facing a country with declining population.</li></ul>An increase in ageing population(people aged over 65) leading to greater demand for services such as:<br />pensions<br />medical care<br />Residential homes <br />Which will have to be paid for by a smaller proportion of people of working age.<br />
  5. 5. Example <br />
  6. 6. The country will have few skilled workers to keep the economy going.<br />See a reduction in competitive advantage in science and technology.<br />The end.<br />