The studying on Dynamics of Women in ICT Sector in the ASEAN Member 21-22 September 2011 Jakarta, IndonesiaBy: Phisithphay KOKMILA. Email: email@example.comMinistry of Post and Telecommunication Lao PDR
I. Country profile Area : 236.800 sq km Population: ( approximation): 6.4 million • Female: (approximation): 3.2 million - in organization (approximation): One million. - Work in ICT sector: ( approximation): 1.25% of total women. Rural population : 70 % Capital City: Vientiane, Provinces: 17 - Districts: 142 GDP: USD 900 ( per Province) Export: Electricity, Timber, and Mining . Economic growth rate: 8.1% (2010) Currency: Lao Kip (LAK)
Telecom and InternetFixed lines: 150.362 sub. Mobile (GSM): 5.480.851 sub.CDMA/WLL: 41.719 sub. .Teledensity:Teledensity: 67% Internet: 23.134 Users- Dial-up: Dial- 8.700 Users,- ADSL : 13.528 Users- P Star : 800 Users- Wireless: 3.176 Users
IntroductionDuring the growth of the Information CommunicationTechno-logy in Lao country , mostly Lao women aremissing of encourage from many parts of Government,Organization, Enterprise and others to achieve theireconomic and to demonstrate empowering of women.Some women in ICT sector can opportunity on theirjob. Therefore, barriers on women are still mainfactors for Lao women to express their abilities. Notonly is the low participation of women in ICT a problemfor women but also for the industry and the country.Women are lack of the increasing number oftechnology-related job opportunities. This is how toempowering of Dynamics of women in ICT sector.
Lao women union plan 2011-20151. To pass a revised law on the promotion and protection of women.2. To expand the consulting service the all province and some major districts.3. To improve and promote the gender equality between men and women to be realized and practicable.4.To create women webside. And ect….
III. Telecom Policy and Regulation Currently, Lao telecommunications and ICT sector is regulated by the Law on Telecommunications 2001. In addition, the Decree on Organization and Operation of National Authority of Post and Telecommunications (NAPT) and various telecom regulations and notifications. Reference to the Presidential Decree No 107/POS, dated 30 June 2011 on the Government structure of Lao PDR. The Ministry of Posts and Telecommunication (MPT) have been established. This is the upgrading the National Authority of Posts and Telecommunication. The Ministry of Post and Telecommunication is responsible for the day-to-day regulation of post, telecommunications and ICT sector including licensing, the regulation of frequency spectrum, numbering and electronic addressing, technical regulation and unlawful use of telecommunications networks.
The government have outlined an ambitious, butappropriate range of broad policy objectives that governour approach to the ICT sector. This involves :1. Increasing access to ICT, especially in underserved regional areas and communities;2. Ensure the efficient use of resources3. Creating an enabling environment for the adoption of new technologies;4. Removing the obstacles to competition and eliminating anti-competitive practices;5. Encouraging foreign investment;6. Developing ICT skills and competencies in government, industry and society; and7. Ensuring the availability of services at affordable prices.
Challenges for Developing Economies• Lao PDR Recognizes that ICT is essential for continuing economic and social development of the country. ICT is also a key driver of national competitiveness.• For a country like Lao PDR, the challenge of developing ICT is doubled. It must : - Deploy basic network infrastructure and increase the penetration of computers, and - Develop the advanced digital applications, electronic commerce and online services essential for the participation in the global information economy.• Using the appropriate international precedent and advise from global industry experts , Lao PDR is now undertaking substantial reforms to is ICT sector
Lao PDR is ready to provide ICT services in rural and remote areas. Lao mobile market is expanding to rural, 80 % of the country has mobile coverage. All provinces has connected by fiber optic cables which is import for potential ICTservices
V. Conclusion• In present era, information and communication technology is one of the most advanced technology which has a tremendous important role in socio- economic development• We continue open up the industry to facilitate partnership and inward investment opportunities in order to play our part in the growth of the region. Critical to this is not just capital investment but the cross border transfer of skills and capabilities so critical to development of sustainable ICT sector in Lao PDR.• ICT in Lao PDR is still in the beginning (new) and a lot of works/efforts are needed for the successful of the development .