Distinguishing different types of sources of information
WHAT ARE CONSIDERED PRIMARY AND SECONDARY
SOURCES OF INFORMATION?
CAN YOU DISTINGUISH IF A TEXT COMES FROM A
PRIMARY OR FROM A SECONDARY SOURCE?
Materials that provide direct, firsthand
information about subjects and events are
called primary sources of information. Some
examples of this source of information are
speeches, journals, original letters, literary
works, and historical documents such as the
Constitution of the Philippines. On the other
hand, secondary sources provide indirect and
second-hand information. These facts include
those derived from other people’s ideas such as
such as most books and
articles, encyclopaedias, and newspapers
An interesting dicovery made in Butuan in
early seventies was that of a fossilized
balangay, which was a long sailing vessel in
common use through the Southeast Asian
region in the pre-Spanish era. The barangay as
a form of government was believed to have
originated as a form of government was
believed to have originated from the balangay.
A balangay had a hundred households at the
most. It was led by a chieftain, called a datu.
Migrants from the Malaysian and Indonesian
Islands came to our shores using the balangay.
Once here, they formed their own
settlements, a cluster of which formed a single
town ruled by a lakan or a sultan. A
confedaracy of several settlements would join
forces in case of aggression.
When the spaniards came, they instituted
the barangay as a form local government headed
by a cabeza. The change from balangay to barangay
seemed to have been made by the Spaniard who
could not pronounce the nasal nga of the Filipinos
and preferred the r to l. I f the balangay of old were
meant to preserve the peaceful and harmonious
relationships between neighboring settlements, the
Spanish barangay was used as a local instrument of
the central government to pursue its colonial goals.
Source : Filway’s Philippine Almanac 2006
1. What can you say about the archaeological
findings in Butuan during the seventies?
2. Describe the fossilized balangay. How was it
related to the barangay we have today in our
3. What was a cabeza ? A datu ? A sultan?
4. Compare and contrast the barangay of today
to the balangay of the pre- Spanish times in
terms of structure and purpose.
5. Does your own barangay live up to the purpose
for which it was organized? Why or why not?
6. What is the source of the information presented
above about barangays ?
7. What type of source of information was it?
How did you know?
Write a paragraph about your own
barangay describe the way of life of
Present an illustration of your own