HUMANITIES – comes from
the Latin humanus, which means
human, cultured, and refined. To
be human is to have or show
qualities, like rationality,
kindness, and tenderness.
- it refers to the arts – the visual
arts such as architecture; painting
and sculpture; music; dance; the
theater or drama; and literature.
Art – is very important in our life. It
constitutes one of the oldest and most
important means of expression developed
by man. Wherever men have lived
together, art has sprung up among them
as a language charged with feeling and
-like love, is not easy to define.
-it concerns itself with the communication
of certain ideas and feelings by means of a
sensuous medium –
color, sound, bronze, marble, words, and
Five Areas of Art
1. Visual arts – it is the art that we
perceive through our eyes and
architecture is one part of it.
-involve not only painting and sculpture
but include such things as
clothes, household appliances, and the
furnishings of our
homes, schools, churches, and other
- include much more than
2. MUSIC – this is the art of combining
and regulating sounds of varying pitch to
produce compositions, expressive of
various ideas and emotions.
-Its primary function is to entertain.
-It is one of the great arts of our
civilization, along with literature,
painting, sculpture, architecture, and
-It bases its appeal on the sensuous
beauty of musical sounds.
MUSIC – deals with emotions. Its being a
pure art enables it to convey emotions with
great intensity and can affect people directly.
3. DANCE – is another form of art
that is common to man even during the
- It is the most direct of the arts for it
makes use of the human body as its
4. DRAMA – is another of the important
arts. It is a dramatic activities are usually
part of every school and community
MOTION PICTURE – is a popular
addition to the various forms of the
Radio – makes available drama for the
auditory sense and imagination.
Television – brings the art of the drama
to many people.
FORMS OF LITERATURE
PLAY – is a form of literature. Scenery
and costume provide the visual
arts, and music may serve as a
background to use the mood or to
serve as part of the plot.
OPERA– is a drama set to music.
- It is a form of the theater. The theater
combines several of the arts.
What the Arts Have in Common
The most basic relationship is that
the arts are concerned with
emotions, with our feelings about
things. Emotions are part of our basic
An Artist – is a person who exhibits
exceptional skills in
design, drawing, painting, etc. or one
who works in one of the performing
The Work of the Creative Artist
Creativity is an artist’s trait
developed in the course of his life to
solve problems or express his feelings.
The process of creativity is
threefold, with the artist as the prime
mover, communicating his ideas
through the performer as his
interpreter to the audience.
The Process of Creation
3 Phases in the Process of Creation
1. The artist must have an idea;
2. The artist must have a material to
3. The artist must give form to his idea.
The Idea – artist are highly sensitive
persons specially aware of the things
that surround them.
The Material and Process – the
artist’s various materials have a
profound effect on his products.
Art of space – the sculpture is something
we can see or take in at a glance in
its entirety and so sculpture is an art
Art of time – the hymn we hear takes a
number of minutes to be sung or the
entire composition to be played and
so music is the art of time.
Organization and Form – artists have
developed a host of different forms to
express the ideas they work on.
Time arts – certain forms of organization are
standard and widely accepted. Popular
songwriters use the conventional 32-measure
length. Symphonic composers use the
accepted structure of four movements. Poetry
has a number of well-defined forms which are
often used: the sonnet, the quatrain, the
Spenserian stanza. Operas and plays are
always divided into a number of acts.
STYLE – is a term which refers to the
development of forms in art that are
related to particular historical periods.
Forms in the space arts are often
symmetrically balanced in their design
SYMMETRICAL BALANCE - the two sides of
the object are identical.
ASYMMETRIC BALANCE – is the kind of
organization found in most paintings
and other two-dimensional graphic
SCOPE OF HUMANITIES
VISUAL ARTS – are those that we
perceive with our eyes.
They maybe classified into two groups
1. GRAPHIC ARTS – covers any form of
visual artistic representation, especially
painting, drawing, photography, etc. or
in which portrayals of forms and
symbols are recorded on a two-
a. Painting – this is the process of
applying pigment to a surface to
secure effects involving forms and
b. Drawing – is the art of representing
something by lines made n a surface
or the process of portraying an
object, scene, or forms of decorative
or symbolic meaning through
lines, shading, and textures in one or
c. Graphic processes – these are processes
for making multi-reproduction of graphic
works. Processes may be classified by the
nature of the surface from which the
printing is done: raised (relief); depressed
(intaglio); or flat (surface, or plane).
1. Relief Printing – is the process
whereby unwanted portions of design are
cut away on the master image. The printed
image is formed by the remaining surfaces.
2. Intaglio printing – is a method of
printing from a plate on which incised
lines, which carry the ink, leave a raised
KINDS OF INTAGLIO PRINTING
a. Dry Point – here the artist draw directly
on a metal plate with a sharp needle and
scratches lines, or grooves, into the metal.
b. Etching– this is the art or process of
producing drawings or designs on metal plates
covered with wax.
c. Engraving – this is done on a metal plate
with a cutting tool called a barin, which leaves
a V-shaped trough. Drawings or designs on the
plate are entirely composed of lines and/or
3. Surface Printing – includes all processes in
which printing is done from a flat (plane) surface.
Lithography is the art or process of printing
from a flat stone or metal plate by a method based
on the repulsion between grease and water.
Silkscreen. Silk is stretched over a rectangular
frame and unwanted portions in the design are
blocked out. Pigment is forced through the clear
d. Commercial Art – this includes designing of
books, advertisements, signs, posters, and
other displays to promote sale or acceptance of
product, service, or idea.
e. Mechanical Processes – these are
developed by commercial printers for rapid,
large-quantity reproduction of words and
pictures in one or more colors.
f. Photography – this is a chemical-mechanical
process by which images are produced on
sensitized surfaces by action of light.
Reproductions may be in black or white or in
full colors of the original.
2. The Plastic Arts – this group includes all
fields of the visual arts in which materials are
organized into three-dimensional forms.
a. Architecture – is the art of designing and
constructing buildings and other types of
b. Landscape Architecture – is planning outdoor
areas for human use and enjoyment, especially
gardens, parks, playgrounds, golf courses. Chief
materials are plants, trees, shrubs, flowers, vines,
and ground cover.
c. City Planning – this refers to planning and
arranging the physical aspects of a large or small
d. Interior Design – the term is used to
designate design and arrangement of
architectural interiors for convenience and
e. Sculpture – refers to the design and
construction of three dimensional forms
representing natural objects or imaginary
f. Crafts – refers t the designing and making of
objects by hand for use or for pleasure.
g. Industrial Design – refers to design of
objects for machine production.
h. Dress and Costume Design – this covers
the design of wearing apparel of all types –
dresses, coats, suits, shoes, ties, etc.
i. Theater Design – is the design of settings for
The art of combining spoken or
written words and their meanings into
forms which have artistic and emotional
1. Drama – is a form of literature.
2. Essay – this is non-fiction, expository
writing ranging from informal, personal
topics to closely reasoned critical
treatments of important subjects.