Concepts And Issues In Planning Show


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Land use planning in the context of Hamilton County, Ohio: Issues of political subdivision, governance, national and local trends, the role of the Hamilton County Regional Planning Commission

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Concepts And Issues In Planning Show

  1. 1. <ul><li>LAND USE PLANNING IN CONTEXT: </li></ul><ul><li>THE CASE OF HAMILTON COUNTY, OHIO </li></ul>Concepts and Issues in Planning Prepared by Catalina Landivar-Simon, AICP [email_address] For First Year MCP Class University of Cincinnati October 21, 2009
  2. 2. Geographic Jurisdiction Hamilton County Regional Planning Commission
  3. 3. A house divided <ul><li>Hamilton County </li></ul><ul><ul><li>21 cities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>16 villages </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>12 townships </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Population: 845,303 </li></ul><ul><li>Government: </li></ul><ul><li>3 county commissioners (elected) </li></ul><ul><li>County engineer (elected) </li></ul><ul><li>Auditor (elected) </li></ul><ul><li>Recorder (elected) </li></ul><ul><li>Sheriff (elected) </li></ul><ul><li>Judges (elected) </li></ul><ul><li>Mayors, council members, township trustees, clerks (400 – 500 elected officials) </li></ul><ul><li>Others </li></ul><ul><li>City of Cincinnati </li></ul><ul><li>52 neighborhoods </li></ul><ul><li>Population: 331,285 (39% of all the population in the county) </li></ul><ul><li>Government: </li></ul><ul><li>Mayor (elected) </li></ul><ul><li>9 Council members (elected) </li></ul><ul><li>City manager (appointed) </li></ul><ul><li>Departments under control of the City: budget, development, parks, recreation commission, health, engineering, design, etc. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Multi-tier government structure a result of Ohio “Home Rule” environment </li></ul><ul><li>Comprehensive plan unclear and an option not a requirement </li></ul><ul><li>Local vs. State vs. Federal government land use management strategies </li></ul><ul><li>Federal government unfunded mandates </li></ul><ul><li>Carrots and sticks: multi-jurisdiction cooperation to access to federal funds </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Milestones </li></ul><ul><li>Census 2000 </li></ul><ul><li>Globalization </li></ul><ul><li>Rapid economic growth and economic disparity </li></ul><ul><li>Internet / technology </li></ul><ul><li>9/11 </li></ul><ul><li>Ohio Metropatterns </li></ul><ul><li>MetroMoves </li></ul><ul><li>EPA-Brownfields Redevelopment </li></ul><ul><li>Clean Water Act: NPDES </li></ul><ul><li>Clean Air Act </li></ul><ul><li>ISTEA </li></ul><ul><li>Housing Boom/ Foreclosure </li></ul><ul><li>Local Trends / Events: </li></ul><ul><li>Outmigration: population loss not limited to central city </li></ul><ul><li>Funding for infrastructure goes outside the belt </li></ul><ul><li>New employment centers goes outside the belt </li></ul><ul><li>Poverty spreads out </li></ul><ul><li>Developed urban county (landlocked) </li></ul><ul><li>CAGIS </li></ul><ul><li>Reestablished HCRPC creates Planning Partnership and prepares COMPASS </li></ul><ul><li>City of Cincinnati dissolves Planning Department </li></ul><ul><li>Multi-jurisdiction planning and CIP: Eastern Corridor Land Use Vision and TID </li></ul><ul><li>Stormwater Management District </li></ul><ul><li>OKI Strategic Regional Policy Plan </li></ul><ul><li>Emergency dispatch center coordination </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainable development/Smart growth movement </li></ul><ul><li>Green building-energy conservation </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>HCRPC </li></ul><ul><li>A Partnership of Communities </li></ul><ul><li>Education </li></ul><ul><li>Communication </li></ul><ul><li>Networking </li></ul><ul><li>Lobbying </li></ul><ul><li>Data for decision making </li></ul><ul><li>Technical support </li></ul><ul><li>Education: Certified Planning Commissioners’ Program; Forum on Property Maintenance, Housing, Stormwater Management, Community Revitalization, Economic Development; Newly Elected Officials Workshop </li></ul><ul><li>Communication: Newsletters, Reports, Annual Report, Website, Listserv </li></ul><ul><li>Networking: Annual Meeting, Planning Commissioners’ Forum </li></ul><ul><li>Lobbying: First Suburbs Consortium, ICC </li></ul><ul><li>Data for decision making: Census, CAGIS, research and reports, specialized library, Hamilton County Climate Initiative, Bike Friendly Communities </li></ul><ul><li>Technical support : planning, zoning, housing, Project Impact, GCEP </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Planning in the next decade </li></ul><ul><li>Obsolete organizations and legal frameworks </li></ul><ul><li>Obsolete infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>New economic model </li></ul><ul><li>Education / employment </li></ul><ul><li>Resource management: land, energy, water, air, food </li></ul><ul><li>Post ARRA </li></ul><ul><li>Aging population </li></ul><ul><li>Shrinking population </li></ul><ul><li>Federal vs. State vs. Local: Decision making and funding </li></ul><ul><li>Look for: </li></ul><ul><li>Ohio Commission of Local Government Reform and Collaboration </li></ul><ul><li>3C is Me: Expanded Passenger Rail in Ohio </li></ul><ul><li>Ohio Freight </li></ul><ul><li>Land Bank Legislation and reuse/disposition of urban lands </li></ul><ul><li>Mergers of political subdivisions </li></ul>
  8. 11. <ul><li>Harrison Township and City of Harrison </li></ul><ul><li>Two separate political subdivision conducted two separate comprehensive planning process that run concurrent. </li></ul><ul><li>They hired two different consultants. </li></ul><ul><li>HCRPC facilitated meeting of both steering teams to agree on uses of the land in the common boundaries. </li></ul><ul><li>Result: one land use plan for both communities </li></ul>
  9. 13. Acronyms I STEA : Intermodal Surface Transportation Enhancement Act HCRPC: Hamilton County Regional Planning Commission COMPASS: Community Master Plan and Strategies (Master Plan for Hamilton County) OKI: Ohio Kentucky Indiana Council of Governments – Metropolitan Planning Organization (MPO) SRPP: Strategic Regional Policy Plan (OKI plan for the 8 county region) CAGIS: Cincinnati Area Geographic Information System GCEP: Government Cooperation and Efficiency Project ICC: Intermodal Coordinating Committee at OKI ARRA: American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 NPDES: National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System TID: Transportation Improvement District JEDD: Joint Economic Development District CIP: Capital Improvement Program
  10. 14. Recommended <ul><li>Liquid Assets: The Story of Our Water Infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>90 minute documentary on infrastructure systems: water, wastewater, and stormwater. </li></ul><ul><li>PBS </li></ul><ul><li>A Guide to Planning in Ohio . Ohio Planning Conference OPC, 2007 </li></ul><ul><li>Stuart Meck: </li></ul><ul><li>Notes on Planning Statute Reform : Guideposts for the Road Ahead in Planning Reform in the New Century edited by Daniel R. Mandelker,2005 </li></ul><ul><li>Ohio Planning and Zoning Law 2007 </li></ul>