CAUSES Alliances Like the nation’s buddy system When one country goes to war then many countries become involved. **Triple Alliance/Central Powers – Germany, Austria Hungary, Italy (Changes sides) **Triple Entente/Allied Powers – France, Russia, Britain, Serbia, Belgium and USA
1. The Alliance SystemTriple Entente: Triple Alliance:
Powerful nation-states form in Europe after The French Revolution European states engage in a “ scramble for empire” - frequently threaten war Glorification of war and military influence spreads in all countrieTariff wars strangle free trade and threaten globaleconomy
The Major Players: 1914-Allied Powers: 17 Central Powers:Nicholas II [Rus] Wilhelm II [Ger] George V [Br] Victor Emmanuel II [It] Enver Pasha [Turkey] Pres. Poincare [Fr] Franz Josef [A- H]
Europe 1890 Russia isolated, seeks allies Balance of power prevails Great Britain pleasedFrance fears Germany Germany & Austria fear RussiaItaly & Ottoman Empire weakbut strategically located
France German EmpireRussian Empire Austria-Hungary ItalyGreat Britain WAR!The Allies The Central Powers France German Empire Russian Empire Austria-HungaryGreat Britain Ottoman Empire Italy Bulgaria SerbiaRomania
France Ferdinand Assassinated France Ferdinand was the Archduke of Austria- Hungary. Assassinated June, 28, 1914. By Serb Nationalist group “Black Hand”. The Spark of WW1. Public Domain
Ultimatum After the assassination Austria-Hungary declared an ultimatum on Serbia. Ultimatum says that the Serbian government was responsible for the assassination. Serbia declines this ultimatum; Austria- Hungary declares war on Serbia.
Declaration of War Austria- Serbia Hungary Germany Russia Germany France Britain Germany *Arrows=Declared war on. *Before American Involvement.
WWI BEGINS Austria-Hungary and Serbia go to war Russia declares war on Austria-Hungary because they are allied with Serbia (Czar Nicholas does not believe that Germany – Kaiser Wilhelm (cousin of the Czarina) will declare war on Russia.
WWI BEGINS Germany – supporting Austria Hungary declares war on Russia and France because France is allied with Russia. In order to get to France Germany invades Belgium which causes Britain to declare war on Germany
Mobilization Home by Christmas! No major war in 50 years! Nationalism!Its a long way to Tipperary, Its a long way to go; Its a long way to Tipperary, To the sweetest girl I know! Goodbye, Piccadilly, Farewell, Leicester Square, Its a long, long way to Tipperary, But my hearts right there!
EASTERN FRONT Russians and Serbs VS Germans, Austrians and Turks Millions died Germans had to fight on 2 fronts but they began to freeze to death in Russia. Russia Pulls out because of Revolution