What are the qualities of a good researcher


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What are the qualities of a good researcher

  1. 1. What are the qualities of a good researcher<br />Patience <br />Persistence<br />PERSPICAPACITY – He or she must have the patience to plod along through card catalogues. The persistence to continue searching despite discouraging and misleading information and the perspicapacity in recognizing leads which may lead to the mother lode of information being sought<br />
  2. 2. Knowledge of Spanish is a must<br />The researcher must have more than adequate knowledge of Philippine history and Spanish since most of the archival documents are in Spanish<br />He must have good eyesight to decipher the handwriting of the past and to read faded, ink-corroded pages<br />He must have sensitive hands to properly handle delicate, brittle insect or time ravaged pages<br />Must have the humility to ask help from the chief librarian or chief archivist if assistance is needed for the clarification of doubts regarding the document at hand. After all they are there to help<br />
  3. 3. To assist the first time researcher the following procedure is suggested:<br />Consult the partial list of archival holdings to identify which bundles he would need to request<br />List the bundle title and number<br />Check out the list of card catalogues which correspond to the bundles identified. The card catalogues contain summaries in Spanish of each file contained in the bundle<br />
  4. 4. Other available finding aids are the following:<br />List of maps, plans and sketches<br />List of “Hojas de Servicios”<br />List of “Testamentos”<br />Patrocolo or notarial records listed by province and by year<br />List of bound volumes of photocopied Spanish documents<br />List of sketches, plans, blueprints of public works (ObrasPublicas) of buildings, bridges, etc. <br />Lists of available microfilms <br />
  5. 5. Knowing the Spanish documents <br />It is important to know the structure and development of the Spanish government in the Philippines<br />
  6. 6. The Colonial Government up to the 1800s<br />The highest official in the Philippines was the Governor General<br />Royal orders were transmitted through the Consejo de Indias which had legislative, executive and judicial powers<br />The Governor General was given the supreme power to legislate on various matter subject to the will of the Crown<br />He was the Chief of the Army and the Navy with powers to dispose land and sea forces.<br />He was also chief of Civil administration with the powers to appoint and remove officials as he pleased<br />By rights of ecclesiastical patronage he was a Vice Royal Patron (1581) with a great influence over ecclesiastical matters<br />
  7. 7. Too much concentration of power led to the establishment of a Royal Audiencia<br />Its function was to check the powers of the Governor General<br />It was an advisory body and the sala de real acuerdo to give advice to the Governor General either on its own initiative or upon consultations on matters pertaining to diezmosprediales (tithes on real estate), tierrasrealengas or Crown lands, fondos de Agana and others. The operational administration were devolved on the Hacienda Publica<br />
  8. 8. Local governments<br />Provinces were administered by the AlcaldesMayores in areas that were completely pacified<br />Military areas were called corrigimientos which were under politico-military governors most of whom were military captains appointed by the Governor General and to him they owed direct responsibility for their conduct in office<br />
  9. 9. The towns were headed by Gobernadorcillos<br />The towns were divided into cabecerias or barangayundr the leadership of the cabezas de barangay<br />The gobernadorcillo and the cabeza de barangay were honorary positions which were filled by hereditary succession until the 18th century when elections were introduced a certain fee was imposed on the holders of the offices for the grant of honorary titles<br />
  10. 10. Ayuntamiento de Manila<br />The Ayuntamiento de Manila formed the core of the city government in the early Spanish period<br />This was composed of the center of action for all public affairs.<br />It was composed of two alcaldes who exercised the powers of judges of first instance with royal jurisdiction<br />There were eight aldermen or regidores who were later increased to twelve, a clerk and a chief constable<br />