Japan =imperialist power


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Japan =imperialist power

  1. 1. Japan Changes Direction During the Meiji Era: 1868 - 1912 Commodore Matthew Perry
  2. 2. 1853 – Commodore Matthew Perry “Opens Up” Japan to Western Trade!
  3. 3. W Did the U. S. W hat ant??  Coaling stations.  More trading partners.  A haven for ship-wrecked sailors.
  4. 4. Perry’s “Black Ships”
  5. 5. The Treaty of Kanagawa - 1854
  6. 6. Japan Learns a Lesson!In 1862, just before the start of theMeiji period, Tokugawa sent officials andscholars to China to study the situationthere. A Japanese recorded in his diaryfrom Shanghai…The Chinese have become servants to theforeigners. Sovereignty may belong toChina but in fact its no more than acolony of Great Britain and France.
  7. 7. China’s “Unequal Treaties” After the Opium War of 1839-1842, Japan was convinced that it had to Open Up to the West.
  8. 8. The S hi-shi (“Men of High Purpose”) Highly idealistic samurai who felt that the arrival of Westerners was an attack on the traditional values of Japan. They believed that:  Japan was sacred ground.  The emperor, now a figurehead in Kyoto, was a God. Were furious at the Shogun for signing treaties with the West without the Emperor’s consent. Their slogan  Revere the Emperor, Expel the Barbarians!
  9. 9. The Meiji Revolt - 1868 A powerful group of samurai overthrow the Shogun. Sakamoto Ryoma, the hero. He helped Japan emerge from feudalism into a unified modern state.
  10. 10. The Shogunate Is Overthrown! The last Shogun. Tokugawa Yoshinobu.
  11. 11. The Emperor Is “Restored” to Power MEIJI  “Enlightened Rule”
  12. 12. Newspaper Cartoon, 1870s?Enlightened Half-Enlightened Un-Enlightened
  13. 13. Modernization by “Selective Borrowing” Popular board game. Start by leaving Japan & studying in various Western capitals. End by returning to Japan and becoming a prominent government official.
  14. 14. European Goods Europe began to “loom large” in the thinking of many Japanese. New slogan: Japanese Spirit; Western Technology!
  15. 15. The Japanese Became Obsessed with W estern Styles Civilization and Enlightenment!
  16. 16. Everything Western Was Fashionable!
  17. 17. Everything Western Was Fashionable! Japanese soldiers with their wives.
  18. 18. The Rulers Set the Tone with W estern DressEmperor Meiji Empress Haruko (1868- 1912)
  19. 19. Changing Women’s Fashions1900 Styles The First “Miss Japan” (1908)
  20. 20. Westernize Westernize Abolition Abolition Land Land the School the School of the of the Redistribution Redistribution System System feudal system feudal system (Fr. & Ger.) (Fr. & Ger.) Modern Modern Modernize Meiji Banking Banking Modernize System System the Army the Army (Prussian) (Prussian) Reforms Written WrittenConstitutionConstitution Build a Build a (Germans) (Germans) Modern Navy Modern Navy (British) (British) Human Rights Human Rights Emperor Emperor & Religious & Religious Worship Worship Freedom Freedom Intensified Intensified
  21. 21. A Constitutional Government Copied from the Germans Satsuma & Choshu Families The Emperor of Japan The Diet 1889 Constitution (Legislative Body) of Japan House of HouseRepresentatives of Peers
  22. 22. Expansionism& the Rise of Military Power New players on the block?
  23. 23. Sino-Japanese War: 1894-1895The Meiji Emperor was in Hiroshima during the Sino-Japanese War
  24. 24. Soldiers on the Battlefield During the Sino-Japanese W arThe Treaty of Shimonoseki ended the war.
  25. 25. Today—Tensions Between China & Japan  Offshore gas field in the East China Sea reveals recently strained relations between China & Japan.  Tension over disputed gas field on the rise, exacerbating mutual mistrust dating back to the Sino-Japanese War.EEZ-Exclusive Economic Zone.
  26. 26. The Russo-Japanese War: 1904-1905 The Battle of Tsushima:The results startled the world!
  27. 27. President Teddy Roosevelt Mediates the PeaceThe Treaty of Portsmouth, NH ended the Russo-Japanese War.
  28. 28. Japan Annexes Korea
  29. 29. Japan Is a Player in China
  30. 30. Competition from Another “Pacific” Power Is on the Horizon
  31. 31. The U. S. “Great White Fleet”
  32. 32. But, Japanese Power Would Grow . . .
  33. 33. • EMPIRE OF JAPAN TREATY• Kanagawa, March 31, 1854.• Treaty between the United States of America and the Empire of Japan.• This agreement, forced on the Tokugawa shogunate by Commodore Perrys menacing "black ships," ended over two centuries of virtual exclusion (the exception being the Dutch) of foreign traders from the coast of Japan. The intrusion of the U.S. in the first place (see President Fillmores letter derived from the ill-treatment accorded American whaling crews when shipwrecked off the coast or landing for provisions or repairs. The treaty fully satisfied the U.S. governments concerns in this regard but left to the future the equally important matter of opening the country to foreign trade; concluded in 1858 with the signing of the Harris treaty.
  34. 34. • Unequal Treaties was a term used in reference to the type of treaties signed by several East Asian states, including Qing Dynasty China, late Tokugawa Japan, and late Joseon Korea, with Western powers and the post-Meiji Restoration Empire of Japan, during the 19th and early 20th centuries. This was a period during which these Asian states were largely unable to resist the military pressures from foreign powers as many unequal treaties were signed by those countries after military failure.
  35. 35. This is a List of Japanese board games. WesternName of the Short description equivalentgame Pente; Really just an advanced formRenju distant relative of of go-moku tic-tac-toe Played on a 9x9 board;Shogi can use captured pieces Chess against opponentSugoroku (one Race game Backgammontype)Sugoroku Snakes and Race game(another type) Ladders
  36. 36. • The Second Sino-Japanese War (July 7, 1937 to September 9, 1945) was the largest Asian war in the twentieth century. From 1937 to 1941, it was fought between the Republic of China and the Empire of Japan. After the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, the Second Sino-Japanese War merged into the greater conflict of World War II as a major front in the Pacific Theatre.• Although the two countries had fought intermittently since 1931, full-scale war started in earnest in 1937 and ended only with the surrender of Japan in 1945. The war was the result of a decades-long Japanese imperialist policy aiming to dominate China politically and militarily to secure its vast raw material reserves and other resources.