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Adama day 3_done


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Adama day 3_done

  1. 1. CMC andlanguagelearningSarah GuthFrancesca HelmWorkshop at AdamaUniversity, Ethiopia, 1 November2012
  2. 2. 2 01/11/2012What do we mean by CMC? «communication that takes place between human beings via the instrumentality of computers» (S. Herring 1996: 1) «all those activities in which the computer is used for distance communication: access to and transfer of information, thematic conferencing via e- mail, audio- and video communication, etc. » (Trentin & Benigno 1997) CALLing on Ethiopia - Sarah Guth and Francesca Helm
  3. 3. 3 01/11/2012 “instantaneous electronic communication isn‟t just a way in which news and information is conveyed more quickly. Its existence alters the very texture of our lives”  Giddens 1999 CMC will probably soon be more frequent than F2F communication for many people  David Crystal 2001 CALLing on Ethiopia - Sarah Guth and Francesca Helm
  4. 4. 4 01/11/2012 “A pedagogy of networked computers must therefore take a broad view, not only examining the role of information technology in language learning, but also the role of language learning in the information technology society. If our goal is to help students enter into new authentic discourse communities, and if those discourse communities are increasingly located online, then it seems appropriate to incorporate online activities for their social utility as well as for their perceived particular pedagogical value.” Warschauer 2000 CALLing on Ethiopia - Sarah Guth and Francesca Helm
  5. 5. 5 01/11/2012 CMC for Language Production Written production  Synchronous: text chat  Asynchronous: email, blogs, wikis, forums Spoken production  Synchronous: Voip (Skype), video conferencing  Asynchronous: Audio-blogging, podcasting Multiple modes – written, spoken, visual One to one, one to many, many to many Different degrees of anonymity Local or global networks CALLing on Ethiopia - Sarah Guth and Francesca Helm
  6. 6. 6 01/11/2012Language Production for CMC  New „genres‟ important in their own right  No longer make comparison to traditional written or spoken language  Multimodal language production  Multiple meaning making resources  Different rules for different contexts/communities CALLing on Ethiopia - Sarah Guth and Francesca Helm
  7. 7. 7 01/11/2012Interaction and reflection CMC has the unique characteristic of merging both «the interactional and reflective aspects of language» (1997, p. 472) in a single medium since online users can now socialize, interact, exchange ideas as well as share, store, revise and edit content by means of written or spoken CMC. CALLing on Ethiopia - Sarah Guth and Francesca Helm
  8. 8. 8 01/11/2012Some examples of CMC tasks CALLing on Ethiopia - Sarah Guth and Francesca Helm
  9. 9. 9 01/11/2012 Aswe look at the following tasks, we will discuss pre- and post-task activities, remembering what we have been discussing these last two days. CALLing on Ethiopia - Sarah Guth and Francesca Helm
  10. 10. 10 01/11/2012Collaborative writing Project Description  Your final project for this short, but intense, exchange will be to create a collage of images, pictures, idioms, cartoons, etc. that represent to the members of each group what it means to be a global citizen who has intercultural communicative competence, i.e. can effectively communicate with foreigners in a foreign language. Pre-Session Tasks  Although we have the saying “A picture is worth a thousand words”, sometimes the picture is not necessarily easily understood by all, so we‟d also like to ask you to create a sort of „transcript‟ of your collage indicating the motivation behind choosing particular images. CALLing on Ethiopia - Sarah Guth and Francesca Helm
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  13. 13. 13 01/11/2012 Synchronous text chatStory writing  Students are given the beginning of a story and they take it in turns to develop the story (Handa‟s surprise)  Handa put 7 delicious fruits in a basket for her best friend Akeyo … CALLing on Ethiopia - Sarah Guth and Francesca Helm
  14. 14. 14 01/11/2012Discussion forum Topicsare chosen for students to have a debate on (these could be chosen through a survey) Forum is set up with prompts from Internet sources. Students write their opinions on the topic, commenting on each others‟ opinions CALLing on Ethiopia - Sarah Guth and Francesca Helm
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  16. 16. 16 01/11/2012Survey Students design and carry out a survey using a tool such as Google Forms or Survey Monkey, e.g.  Word Association  Situation Reactions  Sentence Completions CALLing on Ethiopia - Sarah Guth and Francesca Helm
  17. 17. 17 01/11/2012Blog writing Asindividuals, or in groups, students create and maintain a blog on a topic of their interest CALLing on Ethiopia - Sarah Guth and Francesca Helm
  18. 18. 18 01/11/2012Group Blog Project Aims of blog project:  to read, listen and write in English on a topic of interest to you and also related to your studies.  to develop online literacies, such as evaluating websites, selecting sources, re- presenting and paraphrasing information, writing for an audience, developing critical thinking skills For this project you will have to create a blog in groups of max. 4 people. Choose a topic that you are interested in, and also relates somehow to your studies. It could be a particular area or country, it could be an area of European policy, it could be a cause you feel strongly about and want to write about and even campaign for, such as public goods (like water...), racism, poverty, media, it could be an aspect of life in Italy or Europe, or how Italy or another country is viewed by the international press (heres an Italian version). Each group member should post at least one entry a week. Your posts can be a personal commentary or reflection on the topic, a summary of information from other sources (with links to these), applications of what we do in class to the topic you are writing about. Your posts can contain links to other websites, embedded videos and photos. Make sure you do not use images with copyright. If you want to include a picture on your blog, this is a good site but remember to select Creative Commons Licence. Heres some advice on writing blog posts: Every week one group member will give a 2-3 minute presentation to the class on the groups blog Every week each group member should post at least one comment on another groups blog. Your blogs should be up and running by next week: 29th October. ONE member of each group should send a comment to this post with a short description of the blog, the URL of the blog andCALLing on group members. names of Ethiopia - Sarah Guth and Francesca Helm
  19. 19. 19 01/11/2012 CALLing on Ethiopia - Sarah Guth and Francesca Helm
  20. 20. 20 01/11/2012Recording conversations Students record a conversation together in the lab using Skype and a Skype recorder.  Based on a prompt such as: «The government has suggested raising the drinking age in Italy to 18. Discuss your thoughts on this, why it is being done, if it will work or won‟t work, alternatives, etc.» CALLing on Ethiopia - Sarah Guth and Francesca Helm
  21. 21. 21 01/11/2012Pronunciation Students record a list of words that have similar sounds. plane could fought His/he’s Train Would Taught Ship Fame Should Bought Sheep Spain Wood Caught Hit came Good Thought Heat Book Ought Mit cook Meat CALLing on Ethiopia - Sarah Guth and Francesca Helm
  22. 22. 22 01/11/2012Online InterculturalExchange CALLing on Ethiopia - Sarah Guth and Francesca Helm
  23. 23. 23 01/11/2012What is Online InterculturalExchange?In language learning contexts, OIE/telecollaboration is:  internet-based intercultural exchange  between two or more groups of language learners from different cultural/national backgrounds  set up in an institutional context  with the aim of developing both language skills and intercultural communicative competence (as defined by Byram 1997) through structured tasks (Belz 2003; Belz & Thorne 2006; O„Dowd 2006, 2007). CALLing on Ethiopia - Sarah Guth and Francesca Helm
  24. 24. 24 01/11/2012Different models of OIEBilateral, bicultural, bilingual exchanges eTandem Learning eTwinning CULTURA (developed by MIT)Lingua franca, global, topical exchanges Guatemala Padova iEARN Soliya Connect ProgramOIE «in the wild» International discussion fora (Hanna and de Nooy 2003) Gaming, fanfiction, (Thorne 2010) CALLing on Ethiopia - Sarah Guth and Francesca Helm
  25. 25. 25 01/11/2012 CALLing on Ethiopia - Sarah Guth and Francesca Helm
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  31. 31. 31 01/11/2012Soliya Connect Program What is it? A telecollaboration project which involves students in the West and in the Arab and Muslim World. What are the aims? “To provide a new intercultural generation of young adults with the skills, knowledge and relationships they need to develop a nuanced understanding of the issues that divide them.” Who takes part? Designed for students in media studies, international relations and conflict resolution. English as a foreign language students in France and in Italy have also participated in the program as part of their language courses. Tasks:  Weekly synchronous discussions between students in Soliya‟s multimodal environment  Individual blog writing and commenting on peers‟ blogs  Assignment 1: individual video editing project  Assignment 2: final reflective paper CALLing on Ethiopia - Sarah Guth and Francesca Helm
  32. 32. 32 01/11/2012 CALLing on Ethiopia - Sarah Guth and Francesca Helm
  33. 33. 33 01/11/2012What is the impact of projects likeSoliya?Students say:“Soliya allowed me to open the box that I was living in for along time and see the world around me. It taught me never tojudge people according to where they live…It made mediscover my personality all over again.” -female student, University of Jordan, Jordan  “Exchanging different views with people coming from so different backgrounds was tantalizing me. Besides, I was conscious I had always to learn more and more in an endless process. We are never enough open minded we think we are. We should always improve ourselves by facing new challenges and by accepting that our way of thinking is not absolute. Our thoughts have to grow up with us always by putting them under question. A good way to do it is searching conversations and, of course, even some contrasts which bring us to reflection. What a better occasion than Soliya?- Sarah Guth and CALLing on Ethiopia Francesca Helm - Female student, University of Padova, Italy
  34. 34. 34 01/11/2012Professors say …“The Soliya program was phenomenal in terms of its impacton the students capacity to engage, learn, and quitefrankly, be transformed [...] Across the board, all of thestudents displayed a heightened consciousness of thediversity and multiplicity of perspectives. […] the aim is toopen up minds and spur young people to taking theirresponsibilities as global citizens more seriously” -Dr. Junaid S. Ahmad, Lahore University of Management Sciences, Pakistan  “It is fine to talk about theories about „engaging the other‟ or „increasing understanding across cultures‟, but Soliya puts the students on the front lines on intercultural relations. They will learn more about themselves and their place in the world in the Soliya sessions than in a semester in International Relations classes.” -Ambassador Cynthia Schneider, Guth and CALLing on Ethiopia - Sarah Francesca Helm Georgetown University, USA
  35. 35. 35 01/11/2012Benefits of telecollaboration For Students: Development of FLcompetence, intercultural awareness, electronic literaciesFor University Educators: Opening up of classroom / Authentic communication and project work /Developing international network of collaborators For Mobility Officers: Preparation for physical mobility/ Alternative to physical mobility For University Management: „Low cost‟ internationalisation strategy /CALLing on Ethiopia -up new Opening Sarah Guth and university partnerships Francesca Helm
  36. 36. 36 01/11/2012 INTENT• Integrating Telecollaborative Networks into Foreign Language Higher Education• Financed By The European Commission - Lifelong Learning Programme• Co-ordinated by Robert O‟Dowd at the Universidad de Leon, Spain• 8 European partners (PH Heidelberg, Grenoble III, Padova, Czestochowa, Groningen, UA Barcelona, Open University UK)• October 2011-March 2014 CALLing on Ethiopia - Sarah Guth and Francesca Helm
  37. 37. 37 01/11/2012 CALLing on Ethiopia - Sarah Guth and Francesca Helm
  38. 38. 38 01/11/2012Where are partner classes located? CALLing on Ethiopia - Sarah Guth and Francesca Helm
  39. 39. 39 01/11/2012Afternoon – Day 3Word Associations and Google FormsCreating tasks with Hot Potatoes CALLing on Ethiopia - Sarah Guth and Francesca Helm
  40. 40. 40 01/11/2012Word association task- compare the responses - are they similar or not? - What words appear more frequently in one list rather than another? - What words appear only in one list? - Do these words generate positive, negative or neutral associations? CALLing on Ethiopia - Sarah Guth and Francesca Helm
  41. 41. 41 army 01/11/2012 ITALY GERMANY JORDAN USA ETHIOPIAwar, nation, war, Jews killing Strong peacedeath Jews power Brave soldier,safety, Conflict the power of forceful, uniform, gunAfghanistan, weapons state brave America,death Jesus just a name money Afganistan,violenza "Gods Liberation war, killing, Ethipia,duty, chosen Power bombs, lugguagecourage, war people", security, death, rifle, troops,today wars dead sea border Overextende forceare useless bible Japan d soldier,amunitWar Jews, israeli Army ion,regementmilitary, Muslims, killing people soldier,organization, Christians in Gaza military, fight,war Jerusalem War, war, occupy,soldier,war trouble power,securit defeat,Error difficult y death, fire,uniform, subject for wound,.general Germans bulletDanger, territory,exploitation security, unitynecessary war, weapons, CALLing on Ethiopia - Sarah Guth and camps, Francesca Helm group of people, ration
  42. 42. 42 discrimination 01/11/2012 ITALY GERMANY JORDAN USA ETHIOPIAloneliness, blacks, Bush blacks and outcastingingiustizia attack, awful whites black,white,pNorth, South segregation very bad Acts of oorracism,violenc habits, thing hatred HIV, BLACKe tradition, Destruction bad, AND WHITE,ignorance rights USA, Israel unnecessary MALE ANDprejudice prejudice black, immigration, FEMALERacism-Sexual happens to Muslims Colombia aparthied,apartheid often black and police, anti- racism,racism mobbing, white semitism, segregationimmigrants prejudices United genocide racism,color,rage, being gay/ Nations unjust eligiousnationality women the worst race, color,gender Nazi regime, thing----bad oppress,immigrants, Martin people ----- stigmatise,women Luther King vanity- bias,social and stupid, inequality,economic one understandi differenciatioStadium ng nWomen Blacks conflict,Weak injustice, immorality CALLing on Ethiopia - Sarah Guth and bias,Francesca Helm stereotyping, women, HIV- AIDD
  43. 43. 43 individualism 01/11/2012 ITALY GERMANY JORDAN USA ETHIOPIAsolitude extraordinary, good being original selfishnessidentity,own strange not bad very good America, Europeideas moral, society, it causes bad Uniqueness selfish,community freedom imprestion creative american, noloneliness no joy fake every one do searching, culture, hardSolitude-Mind personal what he or she finding, workegoismo characteristics want believing egocentrism,selfishness character self-reliance me, personality greed, hoardloneliness freedom Bad Autonomy egoism,selfishlnewhat I want to important freedom, ss,personalitybe uniqueness selfishness selfishness,ideologia libertà being myself, myself rudeness,Independent, being friends with no cooperation unfriendly,social position myself isolation, grief competitionautonomy,indep identity, variety, modernization,endence important not to educatioEvil lose loss of culture,our society self-confidence, greediness,makes problems doing whatever selfishness,freedom, you want greedchoose important self-centerdness,modern society freedom, choice, unsociable, etc CALLing on Ethiopia - Sarah Guth andWest otherness selfishness,greed Francesca HelmWidespread ambition, yDownfall originality selfishness, capitalism, rich,