A Growing Nation <ul><li>Ch.5 Sec.1 </li></ul>
Revolution in Transportation <ul><li>National Road </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1st major US highway </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>P...
Revolution in Transportation <ul><li>Steamboats </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Were quickest and easiest way to travel or transport...
Industrialization in the North <ul><li>Industrial Revolution </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Revolution in business and industry </l...
Industrialization in the North <ul><li>Interchangeable Parts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Became possible because of Industrial R...
Other Societal Changes <ul><li>Morse Code </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Invented by Samuel F.B. Morse </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>C...
Other Societal Changes <ul><li>Labor Unions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Began to form due to poor conditions & treatment in fact...
Changes in Agriculture <ul><li>Cotton Gin </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Until 1800s, US farms grew grains, livestock, cash crops (...
Slavery in the US <ul><li>Task System </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Early system of labor for slaves </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sl...
Slavery in the US <ul><li>Coping with Enslavement </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Music became popular way to cope, pass encourageme...
Slavery in the US <ul><li>Free African Americans </li></ul><ul><ul><li>More than 225,000 African Americans lived free in t...
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5-1 ush

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5-1 ush

  1. 1. A Growing Nation <ul><li>Ch.5 Sec.1 </li></ul>
  2. 2. Revolution in Transportation <ul><li>National Road </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1st major US highway </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Paid for by Congress </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Went from MD to IL </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Private companies created roads off of it called turnpikes that could be used for a fee </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Revolution in Transportation <ul><li>Steamboats </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Were quickest and easiest way to travel or transport goods </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Invented by Robert Fulton </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>More than 700 in commission by 1850 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Railroads </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nicknamed &quot;iron horse&quot; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Invented by Peter Cooper </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Had the largest impact on settling the west & improving trade </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Industrialization in the North <ul><li>Industrial Revolution </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Revolution in business and industry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Began in Great Britain, spread to US soon after </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Manufacturing shifted from: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>hand tools to machines, </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>individual artisans to large workforces, </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>home workshops to factories </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Free enterprise allowed businesses to grow quickly, causing rapid industrialization </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Led to a rise in immigration due to demand for workers </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Industrialization in the North <ul><li>Interchangeable Parts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Became possible because of Industrial Revolution </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Invented by Eli Whitney </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Created standard, identical parts for machines & devices (guns, locks, engines, etc.) </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Other Societal Changes <ul><li>Morse Code </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Invented by Samuel F.B. Morse </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Code that could be used to transmit messages through new telegraph wires </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Nativism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Preference for native-born people & desire to limit immigration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reactionary movement from rise in immigration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Formed a popular political party called the &quot; Know-Nothings&quot; </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Other Societal Changes <ul><li>Labor Unions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Began to form due to poor conditions & treatment in factories </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Workers would join together to make demands to their employers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Strikes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Main tool used by employers to ignore labor union requests </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Changes in Agriculture <ul><li>Cotton Gin </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Until 1800s, US farms grew grains, livestock, cash crops (little cotton) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Machine invented by Eli Whitney </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Removed cotton seeds speedily </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>6,000 bales in 1792 to 100,000 bales in 1801 to 4 million in 1860 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Yeoman Farmers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Made up majority of farmers in South </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Referred to farmers with small plots of land </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Slavery in the US <ul><li>Task System </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Early system of labor for slaves </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Slaves tasks to complete each day, then had rest of day to themselves </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Gang System </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Slaves organized into groups to work from sunup to sundown </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Slavery in the US <ul><li>Coping with Enslavement </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Music became popular way to cope, pass encouragement, & record their history </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Slaves protested silently by breaking tools, slowing work, burning fields </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Revolts became more common (Nat Turner Rebellion) </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Slavery in the US <ul><li>Free African Americans </li></ul><ul><ul><li>More than 225,000 African Americans lived free in the North </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>More freedoms available, but racism still prevalent </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Many joined causes to speak out against slavery in the South </li></ul></ul>

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