Bioh2pritam

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A real challenge of Bio Hydrogen production in front of Interdisciplinary Chemistry.....!!!!!

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Bioh2pritam

  1. 1. P.N. Lalwani
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION <ul><li>IMAGINE THE FUTURE WITH THE HYDROGEN ECONOMY …..!!!!!! </li></ul>HYDROGEN GAS SPACE RESEARCH AUTOMOBILE INDUSTRIES GLOBAL ECONOMY LIFE OF A COMMON MAN
  3. 3. BIKE WHICH ACTUALLY RUN ON HYDROGEN PRODUCED ON BOARD
  4. 4. WANT THIS …!!!!! CAR WHICH ACTUAL RUN ON HYDROGEN…!!!
  5. 5. Industrial synthesis <ul><li>Commercial bulk hydrogen is usually produced by steam reforming of natural gas . </li></ul><ul><li>CONDITIONS OF REACTION :- 700-1000 Degree cel.& </li></ul><ul><li>Pressure 20 atm & 600mm of Hg. </li></ul><ul><li>The product mixture is known as “synthesis gas” as it is directly utilized for the synthesis and reduction purposes. </li></ul>CH4+H2O ---------------------------> CO + 3 H2 (gas)
  6. 6. MICROORGANISMS GREEN ALGAE ANEROBIC RESPIRATION AEROBIC RESPIRATION LIGHT(700-900 nm ) HYDROGENASES HYDRROGEN GAS DARK BIOLOGICAL SYNTHESIS
  7. 9. REPRESENTATIVE DIAGRAM OF PHOTOBIOREACTOR
  8. 10. HYDROGEN PRODUCTION IN ACTUAL PHOTOBIOREACTOR (U. OF ILLINOIS,USA)
  9. 11. HYDROGEN PRODUCTION IN ACTUAL PHOTOBIOREACTOR
  10. 12. All before mentioned points describe how we can synthesize the Hydrogen from the sources available. But there are some important areas where we can improve.
  11. 13. MAIN AREAS WHERE WE CAN DEVELOP THE NEW WAYS :- <ul><li>Making it economical & safer. </li></ul><ul><li>Making it more efficient than industrial synthesis. </li></ul><ul><li>Diminishing the inhibitory effect of Oxygen . </li></ul>
  12. 14. <ul><li>4. Development of cost effective photo bioreactor . </li></ul><ul><li>5. Making it for the continuous Hydrogen production . </li></ul><ul><li>6. Maintaining the genetic strains of high yielding microbes. </li></ul>
  13. 15. HERE I AM WISHING TO INVITE YOU TO THINK WHOLE HEARTEDLY FOR OUR FUTURE ….!!!!! <ul><li>AND HERE ARE THE OPPORTUNITIES </li></ul><ul><li>FOR THE CHEMISTS TO FIND THE NEW </li></ul><ul><li>WAYS ,BY USING OUR KNOWLEDGE OF </li></ul><ul><li>CHEMISTRY COLABORATIVELY WITH THE </li></ul><ul><li>OTHER FACULTIES . </li></ul>
  14. 16. HERE ARE THE EMERGING OPPORTUNITIES FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF NEW TECHNOLOGIES <ul><li>1 . Development of cheap source of glucose . </li></ul><ul><li>2 . Introducing channels (whether they may be of organic or inorganic origin )across the thyoalkaloidal membrane . </li></ul><ul><li>3. Introducing an exogenous material in between the photo systems </li></ul><ul><li>4. Mutating the enzyme and modification of it’s site of action </li></ul>
  15. 18. <ul><li>5.Possible breakdown the water molecule by using the inorganic complex . </li></ul><ul><li>6. Utilizing the gravitational force for the flow of nutrient material. </li></ul>
  16. 19. USE OF GRAVITY TO REDUCE THE POWER CONSUMPTION FOR PLANT OPERATIONS
  17. 20. WIND UP NOTE <ul><li>RESEARCH IN INDIA :- </li></ul><ul><li>1.I.I.T. Kharagpur. </li></ul><ul><li>2.I am very glad to inform you that I am a proud member of OILGAE CLUB which is Indian origin club, where scholars from all over the globe meet on line , post their discussions on effective utilization of algal biomass for environment friendly lifestyle. </li></ul><ul><li>So this is a small presentation which will help us to know where we stands in this………!!!!!! </li></ul><ul><li>ERA OF HYDROGEN ECONOMY. </li></ul>
  18. 21. BIBLIOGRAPHY :- <ul><li>Paul Tamagnini ,R . Axelsson & colleagues , Institute for Molecular and cell Biology ,Dept. of Botany,University of Porto , Portugal. Uppsala University,SE-75236, Uppsala, Sweden. </li></ul><ul><li>2.Debbrata Das , Tumpa Datta , Kaushik Nath , Amit K. Nath & Colleagues., Dept. of B.T. I.I.T. Kharagpur. And Clean energy research institute , College of Engineering , Miami University, Coral Gables, Florida ,USA . </li></ul><ul><li>3.Greg Burgess, Joel Freeman , Javier G. Fernandez- Velasco, Keith L. </li></ul><ul><li>Research School of Biological Science,Photobioenergetic group, The Australian National University, Canberra, Australia. </li></ul>
  19. 22. BIBLIOGRAPHY :- <ul><li>4. Abstracts reviewed of :- </li></ul><ul><li>P.Classen, Ed W.J. Van Niel ,W. Buckel ,W. R. Hagen ., </li></ul><ul><li>5. G. Charles Dismukes , a member of the Rutgers faculties of the Department </li></ul><ul><li>of Chemistry & Chemical Biology, the Waksman Institute and the Biochemistry and Microbiology Department. </li></ul>
  20. 23. GUIDED & ACKNOWLEDGED BY :- <ul><li>1. Dr. Madhuri Kulkarni ( H.O.D. ), </li></ul><ul><li>chemistry Dept. , </li></ul><ul><li>Modern college, Ganeshkhind, Pune. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Dr. Sushma Katade , </li></ul><ul><li>Associate Professor , </li></ul><ul><li>chemistry Dept. , </li></ul><ul><li>Modern college, Ganeshkhind, Pune. </li></ul>
  21. 24. THANK YOU…….!!!!!

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