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  1. 1. LESSON 7“Forgive us our sins as we forgive those who sin against us.”
  2. 2.  Penitential Rituals Sacrament of Baptism Public Confession Private Confession The Council of Trent
  3. 3.  Followed by Jesus and the early Christians as it is prescribed in the Hebrew scriptures and Jewish traditions. Rite celebrated during the Day of Atonement Began the term “scapegoat” Ritual sacrifice offered by the Chief Priest as a symbol of the people’s promise to reform their lives.
  4. 4.  Seen as the primary sacrament of reconciliation in the days of the first Christian communities The Christian’s response to Christs call for conversion Should only be received once in a persons lifetime Romans were persecuting the Church during the 3rd century
  5. 5.  Done before the bishop and local community Absolution was given only after sincere reform of one’s life has been proven. The problem with this was that many people did not avail because of fear that they may not have another opportunity to receive forgiveness and absolution.
  6. 6.  Started by the monks during the 7th-11th centuries This practice was adopted by the Catholics who confessed, did penance, and given absolution by the monks. Development seen in the role of the priest confessor and practice of indulgences
  7. 7.  Issued directives and teachings on the sacrament of the sacrament of reconciliation It reaffirmed the truth of God’s unconditional love and mercy on His people and the necessity of confession after baptism for the forgiveness of our sins. Public and canonical penance- reconciliation of penitent with God and the community Private penance- acts of sorrow, confession, penance and absoultion
  8. 8.  “Those who approach the sacrament of Penance obtain pardon from God’s mercy for the offense committed against him, and are, at the same time, reconciled with the Church which they have wounded by their sins and which by charity, by example and by prayer labours for their conversion” (LG 11)
  9. 9.  “Sin is, before all else, an offense against God, a rupture of communion with Him” (CC 1440) The Parable of the Prodigal Son “Whose sins you forgive are forgiven them and whose sins you retain are retained” (John 20:23)
  10. 10.  “In the Church, the same power is given to the bishops and the priests. We understand, though, that the efficacy of the sacrament act ex opere operato by the virtue of the saying work of Christ accomplished once for all. It follows that the sacrament is not wrought by the righteousness of either the celebrant or the recipient, but by the power of God.” (CCC 1128)