Holy orders


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Holy orders

  1. 1. Sacrament of Holy Orders The Sacrament of Apostolic Ministry
  2. 2. Nature of the Sacrament <ul><li>What is the Sacrament of Holy Orders? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The sacrament of apostolic ministry through which the mission entrusted by Christ to his apostles continues to be exercised in the Church till the end of time. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>“ Order” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The word “order” designated an established governing body. Order means the group or body of those who carry on certain functions, such as teaching, sanctifying and governing. </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Biblical Foundation <ul><li>OLD TESTAMENT </li></ul><ul><ul><li>God constituted Israel as “a kingdom of priests, a holy nation” Ex 19:6). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The tribe of Levi was set apart to act on behalf of men in relation to God to offer gifts and sacrifices for sins. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>This priesthood was instituted to proclaim the Word of God, to discern his will and to restore communion with God by sacrifices and prayer (Mal 2:7-9). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>This priesthood needed to repeat its sacrifices ceaselessly because it was unable to achieve a definitive sanctification. </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Biblical Foundation <ul><li>NEW TESTAMENT </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Jesus Christ: the unique “high priest after the order of Melchizedek” (Heb 5:10), “holy, blameless, unstained” (Heb 7:26). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“by a single offering he has perfected for all time those who are sanctified” (Heb 10:14), that is, by the unique sacrifice of the cross. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The redemptive sacrifice of Christ is unique, accomplished once for all; yet it is made present in the Eucharistic sacrifice of the Church. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. The Priesthood of Christ <ul><li>Christ the “ unique Priest ” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>the Son-of God-made-man whose Paschal Sacrifice redeemed the world. “One is the mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus, who gave himself as a ransom for all” (1 Tim 2:5). </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Christ shares his priesthood: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Common Priesthood </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ministerial Priesthood </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Christ Shares His Priesthood <ul><li>Common Priesthood </li></ul><ul><ul><li>all the baptized share in Christ as prophet, priest and king. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ministerial Priesthood </li></ul><ul><ul><li>those ordained in the sacrament of Holy Orders are called to </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Preach the Word of God </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Administer the Sacraments </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lead and build up the unity of the Christian community </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Two Basic Relationships of the Priest <ul><li>Functions in the name of Christ , Head, Shepherd and Spouse of the Church </li></ul><ul><li>Functions in the name of the Church , in which the priest is a constitutive element in his being and action. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Three Degrees of the Sacrament <ul><li>BISHOPS: episkopoi (overseers) </li></ul><ul><li>PRIESTS: presbyteroi (elders) </li></ul><ul><li>DEACONS: diakonoi (servers) </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>on whom the fullness of the priesthood is conferred </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>who serve the Church as co-workers under the Bishop </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>who minister in various ways in the service of the liturgy, the Gospel and works of charity. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. RITE OF ORDINATION <ul><li>Calling of the Candidate </li></ul><ul><li>Presentation of the Candidate </li></ul><ul><li>Election by the Bishop and consent of the people </li></ul><ul><li>Homily </li></ul><ul><li>Examination of the Candidate </li></ul><ul><li>Promise of Obedience </li></ul><ul><li>Invitation to Prayer </li></ul><ul><li>Litany of the Saints </li></ul><ul><li>Laying on of Hands </li></ul><ul><li>Prayer of Consecration </li></ul><ul><li>Investiture with Stole and Chasuble </li></ul><ul><li>Anointing of Hands </li></ul><ul><li>Presentation of the Gifts </li></ul>
  10. 10. Essential Elements <ul><li>MATTER </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Holy chrism that is anointed on the hands of the candidates </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>This means that he is set apart, empowered and ordained to serve God’s people. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>FORM </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Laying on of hands by the bishop with the consecratory prayer. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>MINISTER </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bishop </li></ul></ul>