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  1. 1. Submitted By: Ajay Raj
  2. 2.  An interview is a conversation between two people (the interviewer and the interviewee) where questions are asked by the interviewer to obtain information from the interviewee. Or
  3. 3. • A job interview is a process in which apotential employee is evaluated by anemployer for prospective employment intheir company, organization, or firm. Duringthis process, the employer hopes todetermine whether or not the applicant issuitable for the job.
  4. 4.  Traditional Face-to-Face Interview Behavioral Interview Case Interview Telephone Interview Group Interview Lunch/Dinner Interview Stress Interview
  5. 5. • Most interviews are face-to-face. The most traditional isa one-on-one conversation.• Your focus should be on the person asking questions.Maintain eye contact, listen and respond oncea question has been asked.• Your goal is to establish rapport with the interviewerand show them that your qualifications willbenefit their organization.
  6. 6. • The basic premise behind this type of interview is thatyour past behavior is the best predictor of yourfuture actions. These types of questions may be askedin any interview format—telephone, panel orone-on-one.• If the employer asks behavior -oriented questions, theyare no longer asking hypothetical questionsbut are now asking questions that must be answeredbased on facts.
  7. 7. • With a behavioral question, the interviewer is lookingfor results, not just an activity list. They arelistening for names, dates, places, the outcome andespecially what your role was in achieving thatoutcome.• This type of question generally starts with the words“Give me an example when...” or “Tell meabout a time when…”
  8. 8. • In some interviews you may be asked to demonstrateyour problem-solving skills. The interviewer will outline asituation or provide you with a case study and ask you toformulate a plan that deals withthe problem.• You do not have to come up with the ultimate solution.The interviewers are looking for how you apply yourknowledge and skills to a real-life situation. Speak andreason aloud so interviewers have a full understandingof your thought process.
  9. 9. • Many organizations will conduct interviews bytelephone to narrow a field of candidates. Telephoneinterviews may also be used as a preliminaryinterview for candidates who live far away from thejob site.• It is important to treat this interview as you would aface-to-face connection. Arrange for a quietspace and time to schedule the conversation. Clear awork surface to minimize distractions.
  10. 10. • Focus on the conversation. Listen to the questionscarefully before you answer. Since your voice is key,convey energy with inflection in your voice.• Have a copy of your resume nearby as a reference.• Avoid using a phone with call waiting. You do notwant to be interrupted during an interview.• Try to use a landline phone or a cell phone that isnot prone to dropping calls.
  11. 11. • A group interview is usually designed to uncover theleadership potential of prospective managersand employees who will be dealing with customers.• The front-runner candidates are gathered together inan informal, discussion type interview. A subjectis introduced and the interviewer will start off thediscussion.• The goal of the group interview is to see how youinteract with others and how you use yourknowledge and reasoning to influence others.
  12. 12. • The same rules apply at a meal as those in an office. The settingmay be more casual, but rememberthat it is a business meal and you are being watched carefully.• Use the interview to develop common ground with yourinterviewer. Follow his/her lead in bothselection of food and etiquette.• Avoid messy foods and do not drink alcohol at any point in thispart of the interview process.• See the CPCC tip sheet “The Interview—Etiquette” for additionaltips.
  13. 13. • This form of interview was more common in salespositions and is rare today. However, you shouldbe aware of the signals. The stress interview is usually adeliberate attempt to see how you handleyourself under pressure.• The interviewer may be sarcastic or argumentative, ormay keep you waiting. Do no take it personally.Calmly answer each question. Ask for clarification if youneed it and never rush into an answer.
  14. 14. First of all, prepare your mind in advance, that you aregoing to have an interview next morning. Relax yourselfand do not get nervous, tense or tired at any cost.Before going for an interview, pre-planned few things:1. Learn about the company, organization oreducational institution and do some research inadvance.2. Why should you perform an advance research?
  15. 15. 3. Simply to develop good answers and to prove yourselfunique.4. What you have to Research?5. You can gather information about organizationalstructure; type of their clients/ students; departmentsand its branches; past and present achievements etc.Simply search yellow pages or ask your friend or familymember/relative who are familiar about organization oryou can collect information through newspapers andwebsites.
  16. 16. Prepare answers to typical questions. Practice youranswer and never rote learn it.Here are few of the sampling questions, which you canpractice in advance.1. What do you feel about our organization?2. What are your weaknesses?3. Why do you want to become a part of ourorganization?4. Tell me about your self and about your hobbies.5. Who is your role model and why?
  17. 17.  Decide what to wear :- Remember to Dress simply but elegantly. Dress should be well ironed without crease. Wear comfortable shoes. remember to wear basic hosiery. You can even check what management wears and dress similarly without over kill. Do not Dress casual or wear Athletic Shoes. Do not spray lots of cologne or wear lots of jewellery. Do not wear wrinkled attire or flashing tie. Prepare your file having your portfolio, educational degree copies and extra copies of your resume. Find proper address in advance, that where are you going in the morning. Last but not the least; get a good night sleep.
  18. 18. ON THE DAY OF INTERVIEW :-Take a bath. Do not apply heavy makeup. Always carry apurse or a small handy briefcase with you.Do carry your portfolio file. Dress effectively. Do not eatanything containing garlic or onion in your breakfast.Arrive 15 minutes earlier to show your prompt andseriousness.
  19. 19. Start it off winner. Offer your hand and give a firmshake, else greet them with your pleasant smile.Take a permission to sit on a chair. Show a positiveconfident attitude and introduce yourself. Don’t gettense. Be comfortable and face the interviewereffectively. Listen to their questions effectively andanswer it genuinely. Answer every question withconfidence. Have a proper eye contact towards yourinterviewer. Remember that the interviewer might be morethan one, so keep your eye contact with every individual.
  20. 20. interviewer to make them feel unique. Whatever youwant to answer, speak clearly with a normal tempovoice. Do not shout. Show your confidence level at everymoment of an interview. Show your certifications orachievements only when they ask you to show. Alwayssit straight. It might help them to analyze yourpersonality and your traits. Use the medium of answer,in which you feel comfortable. Remember to use goodgrammar and strong vocabulary with neutral accent.Always clarify your answer. Do not say Yes or No. Nevercomplain about your past organization or employees.While giving effective answers. Do not argue and alwaysgive respect to your interviewer. Always keep neutralthinking and try to mould your answer according to yourinterviewer personality. Do not eat chewing gum, whileanswering questions.
  21. 21. Few of the traditional interview questions, which an organizationmight ask are1. Tell me about yourself (in two minutes).2. Why do you feel that you will be successful in ...?3. Why did you decide to interview with our organization?4. Are you willing to relocate?5. Tell me about your scholastic record.6. Tell me about your extra-curricular activities and interests.7. What are your strengths and weaknesses?8. Why should we hire you?9. Why did you choose to become a teacher, nurse,...?10. Where do you see yourself in 5 years? 10 years?11. Why do you want to leave your current job?
  22. 22.  With a pleasing smile, say thanks and ask about the next step in the process. Follow up. Call them if you do not get a call within a given time frame and don’t forget to write a thank you letter to an organization for taking out their precious time for your interview.
  23. 23. • Might be you lack oral communication skills or writing skills.• Your inappropriate attitude could also let you down in your interview.• Lack of knowledge about the working world.• Lack of confidence.• Inappropriate/fake degree.• Lack of experience.• Lack of motivation.