Elements of Fiction


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Presentation for Grade 9 students on the Elements of Fiction. Has been used in conjunction with a SmartBoard, but can be used without one too.

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Elements of Fiction

  1. 1. Elements of Fiction<br />English Language Arts<br />Grade 9<br />
  2. 2. Types of Stories<br />Fiction<br />Nonfiction<br />Fake<br />Imagined<br />Fantasy<br />Real<br />True info from real life<br />Auto- biography<br />
  3. 3. Plot<br />The sequence of events in the story<br />What happens<br />Who does it happen to<br />What are the conflicts/problems<br />
  4. 4. Plot Triangle<br /> Climax<br /> Rising Action Falling Action <br />Exposition Resolution<br />(beginning) (ending)<br />
  5. 5. Exposition<br />Begins structure of plot<br />Sets tone<br />Establishes setting <br />Introduces characters<br />Gives readers important background information<br />
  6. 6. Rising Action<br />Moves plot along<br />Adds complication to expanding the conflict<br />Helps build suspense to a climax (or turning point)<br />
  7. 7. Climax (or Turning Point)<br />Moment when reader’s interest and emotional intensity reach highest point<br />Occurs toward end of a story after reader has understood conflict and become emotionally invested in the characters<br />
  8. 8. Falling Action (or Resolution)<br />Occurs after climax of a story<br />Resolves any “loose ends” in a story<br />End of plot triangle<br />
  9. 9. Terminology<br />Setting <br />Time and place where the story occurs<br />Theme<br />The main idea of a story or novel<br />Conflict<br />Disagreement or contradiction between characters<br />
  10. 10. Point of View<br />The position of a narrator in relation to a story…<br /><ul><li>1st person – The narrator is a character in the story
  11. 11. 3rd person – Narrator is not a character in the story
  12. 12. 3rd person Omniscient – All-knowing , “Voice of God”-type narration </li></li></ul><li> Character<br />Protagonist – Main character, sometimes seen as the hero of a story<br />Antagonist – Goes against or conflicts with the protagonist<br />Static - Character that stays the same throughout the story<br />Dynamic - Character that changes (thoughts, how he/she treats others) during the story<br />