Aktiividemokratia / Active democracy : Presentation in Pixelache festival
Initiative for a direct democracy party Active Democracy Mikko Laajola
Illusion of democracy● Current representative democracy is about outsourcing power in society● Options are few, power is concentrated on parties – Not representing your true, complete political identity – Election system is forcing to do tactical compromises – Hierarchic structure, really hard to get into power● Closed operation system – no effective ways to interact, excluding people from power and decision making – Not willing to open up, or releasing power – Critique has almost no effect
Towards active democracy● Social media enables wider political discussion and activity – AD HOC movements (Facebook, Twitter...) – WIKI-models for collaboration, etc. – Distributed, dynamic, non-hierarchic networks – Based on voluntary participation, active citizenship – Empowering people and their political identities ● no direct power in decision making – Hard to challenge old forms of power / parties – Temporary movements cant create political entities – Power in the mass movements
Tools for redesigning the system● Modernisation of Dêmos "people" and Kratos "power"● Open online parliament – Based on Electronic Direct Democracy manifesto – Collective opinions represented in parliament – Aims to empower marginal voices politically – Always politically neutral ● Allows people to participate: – Represent themselves completely – Create new parties and movements – Delegate votes to trusted others in the system – Create and collaborate on referendums – Promote their agendas via social media, etc.
Tools for redesigning the system● Liquid democracy ● Allows participation, but doesnt obligate ● Allows multiple ways of delegating votes – simultaneous – by agenda – by subject (ecology, economy, etc) – Possibility to use operands (1 OR 2 NOT 3) ● Always right to override delegates opinion – Delegates must make open decisions – Monitor how your vote is working, ● Tool for the best possible personal representation
Tools for redesigning the system● Collaborative referendums ● bugtracking society ● Allows public and open law making (WIKI, Etherpads, etc.) idea > versions > public support > referendum ● support threshold by elected representative average votes – ca. 5000 – Creates “temporary representative for agenda” – Current gov. model proposed 50 000 votes threshold for referendum. (not really encouraging participation?)
Knowledge is King● Crowdsourcing politics ● Participatory knowledge sharing allows people to create, share, debate and process valid information on the subjects, adding to the selected information created by the parliament – Invites external specialists, activists,lobbyists, politicians to take part in the collective information processing – Creates knowledge also for other representatives to use in decision making – Helps to extract and label the key information (pro/con), enabling easier decision making for public ● Values the knowledge of crowds
Issues● Few rule ● Default undecided weight, for example 200 votes● Mob rule ● True democracy :)● Anonymity / openness ● Anonymous voting ● Anonymous delegating ● Open delegates / Parties ● Debate with own identity / anonymous by request● Experimental project, random issues might arise ● Agile development
Take action!● Participate in creating the new society● A vote for active democracy is a vote for yourself● Promote the cause! “Democracy is not what we have – it’s what we do.” Frances Moore Lappé THANK YOU!