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Trabajo De Ingles Mariana 2

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Trabajo De Ingles Mariana 2

  1. 1. UNIT 1 1)QUESTIONS FORMS <ul><li>*DIRECT QUESTIONS: </li></ul><ul><li>Yes/No Questions. </li></ul><ul><li>(Which expect the answer ‘yes’ or ‘no’) </li></ul><ul><li>b) Wh-Questions. </li></ul><ul><li>(With questions words at the beginning) </li></ul><ul><li>c) Alternative Questions. </li></ul><ul><li>(Which expect the answer to be one of two options) </li></ul>
  2. 2.  EXAMPLES: <ul><li>Yes/No Questions. </li></ul><ul><li>e.g. Do you like rock music? </li></ul>
  3. 3. b) Wh-questions. e.g. Where did you buy that CD? .
  4. 4. c) Alternative Questions. (Two options) e.g. Would you rather go to a Tokio Hotel or Jonas Brothers concert?
  5. 5. 2)PREPOSITIONS. <ul><li>OF PLACE: at/in/on </li></ul><ul><li> Indicate actual position. </li></ul><ul><li> They are used in expressions. </li></ul><ul><li>OF TIME: at/in/on </li></ul><ul><li> Indicate at what time the action is done. </li></ul><ul><li>OF MOVEMENT: at/into/to/towards </li></ul><ul><li> Indicate the place where the action is done. </li></ul>
  6. 6.  EXAMPLES: *PREPOSITIONS. <ul><li>OF PLACE: </li></ul><ul><li>e.g. *Meet me at the Coffe Shop. </li></ul><ul><li>*I found great information in a History book. </li></ul><ul><li>OF TIME: </li></ul><ul><li>e.g. *My birthday is on April 14th. </li></ul><ul><li>*The english class starts at 12:15 p.m. </li></ul><ul><li>OF MOVEMENT: </li></ul><ul><li>e.g. *When I walked into the classroom, everybody was so quiet. </li></ul><ul><li>*The cat was running towards her. </li></ul>
  7. 7. UNIT 2 PRESENT SIMPLE & PRESENT CONTINUOUS <ul><li>PRESENT SIMPLE: </li></ul><ul><li> USE </li></ul><ul><li>1-With routine or regular repeated actions. </li></ul><ul><li>2-In time clauses with a future meaning after when, as soon as, if, until. </li></ul><ul><li>3-When we are talking about permanent situations. </li></ul><ul><li>4-When we are talking about the future as expressed in timetables. </li></ul><ul><li>5-With scientific facts. </li></ul><ul><li>6-With ‘state’ verbs. </li></ul>
  8. 8. PRESENT CONTINUOUS: *(The present form of be + -ing verb)  USE <ul><li>1-Actions happening now. </li></ul><ul><li>2-Changing/developing situations. </li></ul><ul><li>3-Temporary situations. </li></ul><ul><li>4-Plans and arrangements in the future. </li></ul><ul><li>5-Annoying or surprising habits with always. </li></ul>
  9. 9.  EXAMPLES: <ul><li>PRESENT SIMPLE: </li></ul><ul><li>e.g.* Maria takes the school bus everyday. </li></ul>*I´ll start doing my homework as soon as possible.
  10. 10. PRESENT CONTINUOUS: <ul><li>e.g. *She´ s always shout ing at me. </li></ul><ul><li>*The pollution nowadays is gett ing worst. </li></ul>
  11. 11. MODIFIERS: <ul><li>FAIRLY  More than average, less than very. </li></ul><ul><li>QUITE  A little or a lot but not completely. </li></ul><ul><li>PRETTY  It suggests more than was expected. </li></ul><ul><li>A BIT  It has the same meaning as little. </li></ul><ul><li>REALLY  It´s used to show emphasis. </li></ul><ul><li>EXTREMELY  It´s used in a similar way to very , but is stronger than very. </li></ul>
  12. 12.  EXAMPLES <ul><li>FAIRLY  That house is fairly big, but it isn´t enough space for all my family. </li></ul><ul><li>QUITE  I´m a quite hungry, but I will wait for lunch time. </li></ul><ul><li>PRETTY  It´s a pretty good band. I didn´t know that they have sold lots of albums. </li></ul><ul><li>A BIT  That candy is a bit spicy. </li></ul><ul><li>REALLY  The mexican food is really delicious, most of foreign people love it. </li></ul><ul><li>EXTREMELY  I was extremely excited in the concert. </li></ul>
  13. 13. UNIT 3 TYPES OF COMPARISON <ul><li>TO A HIGHER DEGREE. </li></ul><ul><li>(COMPARATIVE FORM + THAN ) </li></ul><ul><li>TO THE SAME DEGREE. </li></ul><ul><li>(AS…..AS) </li></ul><ul><li>TO A LOWER DEGREE. </li></ul><ul><li>(WITH LESS + THAN AND THE LEAST ) </li></ul><ul><li>(NOT)AS….AS </li></ul><ul><li>*TO COMPARE THINGS WHICH ARE DIFFERENT. </li></ul><ul><li>AS…...AS </li></ul><ul><li>(TO THE SAME DEGREE) </li></ul>
  14. 14.  EXAMPLES: <ul><li>TO A HIGHER DEGREE  Steelers play better than Bengals. </li></ul><ul><li>TO THE SAME DEGREE  Playing soccer is as difficult as playing football. </li></ul><ul><li>TO A LOWER DEGREE  Steelers are less focused in the games than they were. </li></ul><ul><li>(NOT)AS…..AS  Steelers are not as good at the games as they used to be. </li></ul><ul><li>AS….AS  Palmer is as intelligent as Roethlisberger. </li></ul>
  15. 15. REFLEXIVES & OWN <ul><li>WE USE REFLEXIVE PRONOUNS: </li></ul><ul><li>When the object is the same person/thing as the subject. </li></ul><ul><li>When you want to emphasise the subject or object. </li></ul><ul><li>With by to mean ‘alone’. </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>WE USE OWN: </li></ul><ul><li>On my own/on his own , etc. to mean ‘without the help of others’. </li></ul><ul><li>On my own/on his own,etc . to mean ‘alone’. </li></ul><ul><li>My own/her own , etc. to mean ‘belonging to no other person’. </li></ul>
  17. 17.  EXAMPLES: <ul><li>REFLEXIVES: </li></ul><ul><li>e.g. * I want to talk with the teacher herself . </li></ul><ul><li>*I have no idea what´s going on with my t.v, </li></ul><ul><li>it turns itself on and off. </li></ul><ul><li>OWN: </li></ul><ul><li>e.g. *I will finish the whole project on my own . </li></ul><ul><li>*She likes to prepare her own food. </li></ul>
  18. 18. UNIT 4 NARRATIVE TENSES <ul><li>PAST SIMPLE (verb + -ed) * there are many irregular verbs. </li></ul><ul><li>USE </li></ul><ul><li> To talk about events in the past that are now finished. </li></ul><ul><li> To talk about habits in the past. </li></ul><ul><li> To talk about situations in the past. </li></ul><ul><li> In reported speech. </li></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><li>PAST CONTINUOUS (was/were + -ing) </li></ul><ul><li>USE </li></ul><ul><li> To talk about actions in progress in the past. </li></ul><ul><li> To talk about temporary situations in the past . </li></ul><ul><li> To talk about anticipated events that did not happen. </li></ul><ul><li> To talk about an event that was in progress when another event happened. </li></ul><ul><li> To talk about actions in progress at the same time in the past. </li></ul>
  20. 20. <ul><li>PAST PERFECT SIMPLE (had + past participle) </li></ul><ul><li>USE </li></ul><ul><li> To refer to a time earlier than another past time. </li></ul><ul><li> In reported speech. </li></ul><ul><li>PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS (had been + -ing) </li></ul><ul><li>USE </li></ul><ul><li> To talk about actions or situations which had continued up to the past moment that we are thinking about. </li></ul>
  21. 21.  EXAMPLES: <ul><li>PAST SIMPLE </li></ul><ul><li>e.g. *He said he didn´t want to go to the party. </li></ul><ul><li>PAST CONTINUOUS </li></ul><ul><li>e.g. *I was watch ing a horror movie on t.v. </li></ul><ul><li>PAST PERFECT SIMPLE </li></ul><ul><li>e.g. *He said he had already done his homework. </li></ul><ul><li>PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS </li></ul><ul><li>e.g. *I went to the doctor as I had been hav ing headaches. </li></ul>
  22. 22. TIME CONJUCTIONS <ul><li>AS  To talk about two situations which develop or change together. </li></ul><ul><li>WHEN  To refer to periods of life. </li></ul><ul><li>WHILE  To describe two longer actions or situations going on at the same time. </li></ul><ul><li>EVENTUALLY/FINALLY (‘in the end’)  To say that something happens after a long time or a lot of effort. </li></ul>
  23. 23. <ul><li>AT FIRST/TO BEGIN WITH (‘beginning of a situation’)  To make a contrast with something different that happens later. </li></ul><ul><li>AS SOON AS  To talk about two actions or events that happen very quickly one after another. </li></ul><ul><li>AFTERWARDS/AFTER THAT  After is not usually used alone, instead we use this expressions. </li></ul><ul><li>BY THE TIME  Is used before a verb and means ‘not later than’. </li></ul>
  24. 24.  EXAMPLES: <ul><li>As they get older, they are getting mature. </li></ul><ul><li>When they were younger, they used to play concerts in bars. </li></ul><ul><li>While they were travelling at tours, they were studying at Internet. </li></ul><ul><li>It was very hard for them to get a company for recording their first album, but finally they found Universal. </li></ul>
  25. 25. <ul><li>At first Bill had short hair, but after a few years he decided to wear it longer. </li></ul><ul><li>As soon as they knew each other, they decided to create the band. </li></ul><ul><li>Tokio Hotel is going to make its european tour, after that they are going to come to America. </li></ul><ul><li>I will go to a concert of them by the time they come to Mexico. </li></ul>
  26. 26. UNIT 5 MODALS <ul><li>CAN  To ask for and give permission. </li></ul><ul><li>COULD  To ask for permission when you are not sure what the answer will be. </li></ul><ul><li>MAY  To ask for or give permission in formal situations. </li></ul><ul><li>OUGHT TO/SHOULD  To talk about obligations and duties in the future, present and past. </li></ul><ul><li>MUST  To talk about present and future strong obligations. </li></ul><ul><li>NEEDN´T (don´t need, don´t have to)  To talk about a lack of obligation in the present or future. </li></ul>
  27. 27.  EXAMPLES: <ul><li>Can I go to the cinema after finishing my hw? </li></ul><ul><li>Could you please borrow me a pencil? </li></ul><ul><li>You may take a break, you have been working a lot the whole morning. </li></ul><ul><li>You should/ought to start your project today. </li></ul><ul><li>You must end the final project according to the deadline date. </li></ul><ul><li>You needn´t go to math lessons if you got a 10 in math exam. </li></ul>
  28. 28. USED TO & WOULD <ul><li>USED TO FORMS: </li></ul><ul><li>*used to + infinitive </li></ul><ul><li>*did/didn´t + use to + infinitive </li></ul><ul><li>*did you/she/they, etc. use to + infinitive </li></ul><ul><li>WOULD: </li></ul><ul><li>*To talk about past habits and repeated actions but not about past states. </li></ul>
  29. 29.  EXAMPLES… <ul><li>USED TO </li></ul><ul><li>e.g. *She used to play with dolls, now she is always watching t.v or chatting. </li></ul><ul><li>*I didn´t use to go to school by bus, now I take it most of the days. </li></ul><ul><li>WOULD </li></ul><ul><li>e.g. *When I was younger, I would go to my grandmother´s house every Sunday. </li></ul><ul><li>*When my brother was a baby, he would cry every night. </li></ul>

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