Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.
Upcoming SlideShare
Рынок промышленных котлов Украины
Download to read offline and view in fullscreen.


Trabajo De Ingles Mariana 2

Download to read offline

Related Audiobooks

Free with a 30 day trial from Scribd

See all
  • Be the first to like this

Trabajo De Ingles Mariana 2

  1. 1. UNIT 1 1)QUESTIONS FORMS <ul><li>*DIRECT QUESTIONS: </li></ul><ul><li>Yes/No Questions. </li></ul><ul><li>(Which expect the answer ‘yes’ or ‘no’) </li></ul><ul><li>b) Wh-Questions. </li></ul><ul><li>(With questions words at the beginning) </li></ul><ul><li>c) Alternative Questions. </li></ul><ul><li>(Which expect the answer to be one of two options) </li></ul>
  2. 2.  EXAMPLES: <ul><li>Yes/No Questions. </li></ul><ul><li>e.g. Do you like rock music? </li></ul>
  3. 3. b) Wh-questions. e.g. Where did you buy that CD? .
  4. 4. c) Alternative Questions. (Two options) e.g. Would you rather go to a Tokio Hotel or Jonas Brothers concert?
  5. 5. 2)PREPOSITIONS. <ul><li>OF PLACE: at/in/on </li></ul><ul><li> Indicate actual position. </li></ul><ul><li> They are used in expressions. </li></ul><ul><li>OF TIME: at/in/on </li></ul><ul><li> Indicate at what time the action is done. </li></ul><ul><li>OF MOVEMENT: at/into/to/towards </li></ul><ul><li> Indicate the place where the action is done. </li></ul>
  6. 6.  EXAMPLES: *PREPOSITIONS. <ul><li>OF PLACE: </li></ul><ul><li>e.g. *Meet me at the Coffe Shop. </li></ul><ul><li>*I found great information in a History book. </li></ul><ul><li>OF TIME: </li></ul><ul><li>e.g. *My birthday is on April 14th. </li></ul><ul><li>*The english class starts at 12:15 p.m. </li></ul><ul><li>OF MOVEMENT: </li></ul><ul><li>e.g. *When I walked into the classroom, everybody was so quiet. </li></ul><ul><li>*The cat was running towards her. </li></ul>
  7. 7. UNIT 2 PRESENT SIMPLE & PRESENT CONTINUOUS <ul><li>PRESENT SIMPLE: </li></ul><ul><li> USE </li></ul><ul><li>1-With routine or regular repeated actions. </li></ul><ul><li>2-In time clauses with a future meaning after when, as soon as, if, until. </li></ul><ul><li>3-When we are talking about permanent situations. </li></ul><ul><li>4-When we are talking about the future as expressed in timetables. </li></ul><ul><li>5-With scientific facts. </li></ul><ul><li>6-With ‘state’ verbs. </li></ul>
  8. 8. PRESENT CONTINUOUS: *(The present form of be + -ing verb)  USE <ul><li>1-Actions happening now. </li></ul><ul><li>2-Changing/developing situations. </li></ul><ul><li>3-Temporary situations. </li></ul><ul><li>4-Plans and arrangements in the future. </li></ul><ul><li>5-Annoying or surprising habits with always. </li></ul>
  9. 9.  EXAMPLES: <ul><li>PRESENT SIMPLE: </li></ul><ul><li>e.g.* Maria takes the school bus everyday. </li></ul>*I´ll start doing my homework as soon as possible.
  10. 10. PRESENT CONTINUOUS: <ul><li>e.g. *She´ s always shout ing at me. </li></ul><ul><li>*The pollution nowadays is gett ing worst. </li></ul>
  11. 11. MODIFIERS: <ul><li>FAIRLY  More than average, less than very. </li></ul><ul><li>QUITE  A little or a lot but not completely. </li></ul><ul><li>PRETTY  It suggests more than was expected. </li></ul><ul><li>A BIT  It has the same meaning as little. </li></ul><ul><li>REALLY  It´s used to show emphasis. </li></ul><ul><li>EXTREMELY  It´s used in a similar way to very , but is stronger than very. </li></ul>
  12. 12.  EXAMPLES <ul><li>FAIRLY  That house is fairly big, but it isn´t enough space for all my family. </li></ul><ul><li>QUITE  I´m a quite hungry, but I will wait for lunch time. </li></ul><ul><li>PRETTY  It´s a pretty good band. I didn´t know that they have sold lots of albums. </li></ul><ul><li>A BIT  That candy is a bit spicy. </li></ul><ul><li>REALLY  The mexican food is really delicious, most of foreign people love it. </li></ul><ul><li>EXTREMELY  I was extremely excited in the concert. </li></ul>
  13. 13. UNIT 3 TYPES OF COMPARISON <ul><li>TO A HIGHER DEGREE. </li></ul><ul><li>(COMPARATIVE FORM + THAN ) </li></ul><ul><li>TO THE SAME DEGREE. </li></ul><ul><li>(AS…..AS) </li></ul><ul><li>TO A LOWER DEGREE. </li></ul><ul><li>(WITH LESS + THAN AND THE LEAST ) </li></ul><ul><li>(NOT)AS….AS </li></ul><ul><li>*TO COMPARE THINGS WHICH ARE DIFFERENT. </li></ul><ul><li>AS…...AS </li></ul><ul><li>(TO THE SAME DEGREE) </li></ul>
  14. 14.  EXAMPLES: <ul><li>TO A HIGHER DEGREE  Steelers play better than Bengals. </li></ul><ul><li>TO THE SAME DEGREE  Playing soccer is as difficult as playing football. </li></ul><ul><li>TO A LOWER DEGREE  Steelers are less focused in the games than they were. </li></ul><ul><li>(NOT)AS…..AS  Steelers are not as good at the games as they used to be. </li></ul><ul><li>AS….AS  Palmer is as intelligent as Roethlisberger. </li></ul>
  15. 15. REFLEXIVES & OWN <ul><li>WE USE REFLEXIVE PRONOUNS: </li></ul><ul><li>When the object is the same person/thing as the subject. </li></ul><ul><li>When you want to emphasise the subject or object. </li></ul><ul><li>With by to mean ‘alone’. </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>WE USE OWN: </li></ul><ul><li>On my own/on his own , etc. to mean ‘without the help of others’. </li></ul><ul><li>On my own/on his own,etc . to mean ‘alone’. </li></ul><ul><li>My own/her own , etc. to mean ‘belonging to no other person’. </li></ul>
  17. 17.  EXAMPLES: <ul><li>REFLEXIVES: </li></ul><ul><li>e.g. * I want to talk with the teacher herself . </li></ul><ul><li>*I have no idea what´s going on with my t.v, </li></ul><ul><li>it turns itself on and off. </li></ul><ul><li>OWN: </li></ul><ul><li>e.g. *I will finish the whole project on my own . </li></ul><ul><li>*She likes to prepare her own food. </li></ul>
  18. 18. UNIT 4 NARRATIVE TENSES <ul><li>PAST SIMPLE (verb + -ed) * there are many irregular verbs. </li></ul><ul><li>USE </li></ul><ul><li> To talk about events in the past that are now finished. </li></ul><ul><li> To talk about habits in the past. </li></ul><ul><li> To talk about situations in the past. </li></ul><ul><li> In reported speech. </li></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><li>PAST CONTINUOUS (was/were + -ing) </li></ul><ul><li>USE </li></ul><ul><li> To talk about actions in progress in the past. </li></ul><ul><li> To talk about temporary situations in the past . </li></ul><ul><li> To talk about anticipated events that did not happen. </li></ul><ul><li> To talk about an event that was in progress when another event happened. </li></ul><ul><li> To talk about actions in progress at the same time in the past. </li></ul>
  20. 20. <ul><li>PAST PERFECT SIMPLE (had + past participle) </li></ul><ul><li>USE </li></ul><ul><li> To refer to a time earlier than another past time. </li></ul><ul><li> In reported speech. </li></ul><ul><li>PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS (had been + -ing) </li></ul><ul><li>USE </li></ul><ul><li> To talk about actions or situations which had continued up to the past moment that we are thinking about. </li></ul>
  21. 21.  EXAMPLES: <ul><li>PAST SIMPLE </li></ul><ul><li>e.g. *He said he didn´t want to go to the party. </li></ul><ul><li>PAST CONTINUOUS </li></ul><ul><li>e.g. *I was watch ing a horror movie on t.v. </li></ul><ul><li>PAST PERFECT SIMPLE </li></ul><ul><li>e.g. *He said he had already done his homework. </li></ul><ul><li>PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS </li></ul><ul><li>e.g. *I went to the doctor as I had been hav ing headaches. </li></ul>
  22. 22. TIME CONJUCTIONS <ul><li>AS  To talk about two situations which develop or change together. </li></ul><ul><li>WHEN  To refer to periods of life. </li></ul><ul><li>WHILE  To describe two longer actions or situations going on at the same time. </li></ul><ul><li>EVENTUALLY/FINALLY (‘in the end’)  To say that something happens after a long time or a lot of effort. </li></ul>
  23. 23. <ul><li>AT FIRST/TO BEGIN WITH (‘beginning of a situation’)  To make a contrast with something different that happens later. </li></ul><ul><li>AS SOON AS  To talk about two actions or events that happen very quickly one after another. </li></ul><ul><li>AFTERWARDS/AFTER THAT  After is not usually used alone, instead we use this expressions. </li></ul><ul><li>BY THE TIME  Is used before a verb and means ‘not later than’. </li></ul>
  24. 24.  EXAMPLES: <ul><li>As they get older, they are getting mature. </li></ul><ul><li>When they were younger, they used to play concerts in bars. </li></ul><ul><li>While they were travelling at tours, they were studying at Internet. </li></ul><ul><li>It was very hard for them to get a company for recording their first album, but finally they found Universal. </li></ul>
  25. 25. <ul><li>At first Bill had short hair, but after a few years he decided to wear it longer. </li></ul><ul><li>As soon as they knew each other, they decided to create the band. </li></ul><ul><li>Tokio Hotel is going to make its european tour, after that they are going to come to America. </li></ul><ul><li>I will go to a concert of them by the time they come to Mexico. </li></ul>
  26. 26. UNIT 5 MODALS <ul><li>CAN  To ask for and give permission. </li></ul><ul><li>COULD  To ask for permission when you are not sure what the answer will be. </li></ul><ul><li>MAY  To ask for or give permission in formal situations. </li></ul><ul><li>OUGHT TO/SHOULD  To talk about obligations and duties in the future, present and past. </li></ul><ul><li>MUST  To talk about present and future strong obligations. </li></ul><ul><li>NEEDN´T (don´t need, don´t have to)  To talk about a lack of obligation in the present or future. </li></ul>
  27. 27.  EXAMPLES: <ul><li>Can I go to the cinema after finishing my hw? </li></ul><ul><li>Could you please borrow me a pencil? </li></ul><ul><li>You may take a break, you have been working a lot the whole morning. </li></ul><ul><li>You should/ought to start your project today. </li></ul><ul><li>You must end the final project according to the deadline date. </li></ul><ul><li>You needn´t go to math lessons if you got a 10 in math exam. </li></ul>
  28. 28. USED TO & WOULD <ul><li>USED TO FORMS: </li></ul><ul><li>*used to + infinitive </li></ul><ul><li>*did/didn´t + use to + infinitive </li></ul><ul><li>*did you/she/they, etc. use to + infinitive </li></ul><ul><li>WOULD: </li></ul><ul><li>*To talk about past habits and repeated actions but not about past states. </li></ul>
  29. 29.  EXAMPLES… <ul><li>USED TO </li></ul><ul><li>e.g. *She used to play with dolls, now she is always watching t.v or chatting. </li></ul><ul><li>*I didn´t use to go to school by bus, now I take it most of the days. </li></ul><ul><li>WOULD </li></ul><ul><li>e.g. *When I was younger, I would go to my grandmother´s house every Sunday. </li></ul><ul><li>*When my brother was a baby, he would cry every night. </li></ul>


Total views


On Slideshare


From embeds


Number of embeds